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Author image Dan Kogai


Encode::JIS2K - JIS X 0212 (aka JIS 2000) Encodings


  use Encode::JIS2K;
  use Encode qw/encode decode/;
  $euc_2k = encode("euc-jisx0213", $utf8);
  $utf8   = decode("euc-jisx0213", $euc_jp);


This module implements encodings that covers JIS X 0213 charset (AKA JIS 2000, hence the module name). Encodings supported are as follows.

  Canonical     Alias                                      Description
  euc-jisx0213  qr/\beuc.*jp[ \-]?(?:2000|2k)$/i          EUC-JISX0213 
                qr/\bjp.*euc[ \-]?(2000|2k)$/i 
                qr/\bujis[ \-]?(?:2000|2k)$/i
  shiftjisx0123 qr/\bshift.*jis(?:2000|2k)$/i           Shift_JISX0213
                qr/\bsjisp \-]?(?:2000|2k)$/i

  jis0213-1-raw                         JIS X 0213 plane 1, raw format
  jis0213-2-raw                         JIS X 0213 plane 2, raw format


To find out how to use this module in detail, see Encode.

what is JIS X 0213 anyway?

Simply put, JIS X 0213 is a rework and reorganization of JIS X 0208 and JIS X 0212. They consist of two 94x94 planes which roughly corrensponds as follows;

  JIS X 0213 Plane 1 = JIS X 0208 + extension
  JIS X 0213 Plane 2 = JIS X 0212 reorganized + extension

And here is the character repertoire there of at a glance.

          # of codepoints     Kuten Ku (rows) used
  JIS X 0208         6,879    1..8,16..83 
  JIS X 0213-1       8,762    1..94 (all!)
  JIS X 0212         6,067    2,6..7,9..11,16..77
  JIS X 0213-2       2,436    1,3..5,8,12..15,78..94
  (JIS X0213 Total) 11,197

JIS X 0213 was designed to extend JIS X 0208 and JIS X 0212 without being imcompatible to (classic) EUC-JP and Shift_JIS. The following characteristics are as a result thereof.

  • JIS X plane 1 is (almost) a superset of JIS X 0208. However, with Unicode 3.2.0 the mappings differ in 3 codepoints.

      Kuten   JIS X 0208 -> Unicode         JIS X 0213 -> Unicode 
      1-1-17  <UFFE3> # FULLWIDTH MACRON    <U203E> # OVERLINE
      1-1-29  <U2014> # EM DASH             <U2015> # HORIZONTAL BAR
      1-1-79  <UFFE5> # FULLWIDTH YEN SIGN  <U00A5> # YEN SIGN          
  • By the same token, JIS X 0213 plane 2 contains JIS Dai-4 Suijun Kanji (JIS Kanji Repertoire Level 4). This allows EUC-JP's G3 to contain both JIS X 0212 and JIS 0213 plane 2.

    However, JIS X 0212:1990 already contains many of Dai-4 Suijun Kanji so EUC's G3 is subject to containing duplicate mappings.

  • Because of Halfwidth Katakana, Shift_JIS mapping has been tricky and it is even trickier. Here is a regex that matches Shift_JISX0213 sequence (note: you have to "use bytes" to make it work!)

      $re_valid_shifjisx0213 = 
             [\x00-\x7f] |                            # ASCII or
             [\xa1-\xdf] |                            # JIS X 0201 KANA or
             [\x81-\x9f\xe0-\xfc][\x40-\x7e\x80-\xfc] # JIS X 0213

Note on EUC-JISX0213 (vs. EUC-JP)

As of Encode-1.64, 'euc-jp' does support euc-jisx0213 for decoding. However, 'euc-jp' in Encode and 'euc-jisx0213' differ as follows;

                    euc-jp                   euc-jisx0213
  Decodes....       (0201-K|0208|0212|0213)  ditto
  Round-Trip  (|0)  (020-K|0208|0212)        JIS X (0201-K|0213)
  Decode Only (|3)  those only found in 0213   
                                        those only found in 0212


Dan Kogai <dankogai@dan.co.jp>


Copyright 2002 by Dan Kogai <dankogai@dan.co.jp>.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html


Encode, Encode::JP

Japanese Graphic Character Set for Information Interchange -- Plane 1 http://www.itscj.ipsj.or.jp/ISO-IR/228.pdf

Japanese Graphic Character Set for Information Interchange -- Plane 2 http://www.itscj.ipsj.or.jp/ISO-IR/229.pdf