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Neil Bowers


Exporter::Lite - Lightweight exporting of variables


  package Foo;
  use Exporter::Lite;

  # Just like Exporter.
  @EXPORT       = qw($This That);
  @EXPORT_OK    = qw(@Left %Right);

  # Meanwhile, in another piece of code!
  package Bar;
  use Foo;  # exports $This and &That.


Exporter::Lite is an alternative to Exporter, intended to provide a lightweight subset of the most commonly-used functionality. It supports import(), @EXPORT and @EXPORT_OK and not a whole lot else.

Unlike Exporter, it is not necessary to inherit from Exporter::Lite; Ie you don't need to write:

 @ISA = qw(Exporter::Lite);

Exporter::Lite simply exports its import() function into your namespace. This might be called a "mix-in" or a "role".

Setting up a module to export its variables and functions is simple:

    package My::Module;
    use Exporter::Lite;

    our @EXPORT = qw($Foo bar);

Now, when you use My::Module, $Foo and bar() will show up.

In order to make exporting optional, use @EXPORT_OK:

    package My::Module;
    use Exporter::Lite;

    our @EXPORT_OK = qw($Foo bar);

When My::Module is used, $Foo and bar() will not show up. You have to ask for them.

    use My::Module qw($Foo bar);


Export::Lite has one public method, import(), which is called automatically when your modules is use()'d.

In normal usage you don't have to worry about this at all.


Works just like Exporter::import() excepting it only honors @Some::Module::EXPORT and @Some::Module::EXPORT_OK.

The given @symbols are exported to the current package provided they are in @Some::Module::EXPORT or @Some::Module::EXPORT_OK. Otherwise an exception is thrown (ie. the program dies).

If @symbols is not given, everything in @Some::Module::EXPORT is exported.


'"%s" is not exported by the %s module'

Attempted to import a symbol which is not in @EXPORT or @EXPORT_OK.

'Can\'t export symbol: %s'

Attempted to import a symbol of an unknown type (ie. the leading $@% salad wasn't recognized).


Its not yet clear if this is actually any lighter or faster than Exporter. I know its at least on par.

OTOH, the docs are much clearer and not having to say @ISA = qw(Exporter) is kinda nice.


Exporter is the grandaddy of all Exporter modules, and bundled with Perl itself, unlike the rest of the modules listed here.

Attribute::Exporter defines attributes which you use to mark which subs and variables you want to export, and how.

Exporter::Simple also uses attributes to control the export of functions and variables from your module.

Const::Exporter makes it easy to create a module that exports constants.

Constant::Exporter is another module that makes it easy to create modules that define and export constants.

Sub::Exporter is a "sophisticated exporter for custom-built routines"; it lets you provide generators that can be used to customise what gets imported when someone uses your module.

Exporter::Tiny provides the same features as Sub::Exporter, but relying only on core dependencies.

Exporter::Shiny is a shortcut for Exporter::Tiny that provides a more concise notation for providing optional exports.

Exporter::Declare provides syntactic sugar to make the export status of your functions part of their declaration. Kind of.

AppConfig::Exporter lets you export part of an AppConfig-based configuration.

Exporter::Lexical lets you export lexical subs from your module.

Constant::Exporter::Lazy lets you write a module that exports function-style constants, which are instantiated lazily.

Exporter::Auto will export everything from your module that it thinks is a public function (name doesn't start with an underscore).

Class::Exporter lets you export class methods as regular subroutines.

Xporter is like Exporter, but with persistent defaults and auto-ISA.




Michael G Schwern <schwern@pobox.com>


This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html

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