++ed by:
DBOOK EGOR ARISTOTLE KES AERO

29 PAUSE users
21 non-PAUSE users.

Graham Ollis 🔥🐉
and 14 contributors

NAME

FFI::Build - Build shared libraries for use with FFI

VERSION

version 0.98

SYNOPSIS

 use FFI::Platypus;
 use FFI::Build;
 
 my $build = FFI::Build->new(
   'frooble',
   source => 'ffi/*.c',
 );
 
 # $lib is an instance of FFI::Build::File::Library
 my $lib = $build->build;
 
 my $ffi = FFI::Platypus->new;
 # The filename will be platform dependant, but something like libfrooble.so or frooble.dll
 $ffi->lib($lib->path);
 
 ... # use $ffi to attach functions in ffi/*.c

DESCRIPTION

WARNING: Alpha quality software, expect a somewhat unstable API until it stabilizes. Documentation may be missing or inaccurate.

Using libffi based FFI::Platypus is a great alternative to XS for writing library bindings for Perl. Sometimes, however, you need to bundle a little C code with your FFI module, but this has never been that easy to use. Module::Build::FFI was an early attempt to address this use case, but it uses the now out of fashion Module::Build.

This module itself doesn't directly integrate with CPAN installers like ExtUtils::MakeMaker or Module::Build, but there is a light weight layer FFI::Build::MM that will allow you to easily use this module with ExtUtils::MakeMaker. If you are using Dist::Zilla as your dist builder, then there is also Dist::Zilla::Plugin::FFI::Build, which will help with the connections.

There is some functional overlap with ExtUtils::CBuilder, which was in fact used by Module::Build::FFI. For this iteration I have decided not to use that module because although it will generate dynamic libraries that can sometimes be used by FFI::Platypus, it is really designed for building XS modules, and trying to coerce it into a more general solution has proved difficult in the past.

Supported languages out of the box are C, C++ and Fortran. In the future I plan on also supporting other languages like Rust, and maybe Go, but the machinery for that will eventually live in FFI::Build::Foreign.

The hope is that this module will be merged into FFI::Platypus, if and when this module becomes appropriately stable.

CONSTRUCTOR

new

 my $build = FFI::Build->new($name, %options);

Create an instance of this class. The $name argument is used when computing the file name for the library. The actual name will be something like lib$name.so or $name.dll. The following options are supported:

alien

List of Aliens to compile/link against. FFI::Build will work with any Alien::Base based alien, or modules that provide a compatible API.

buildname

Directory name that will be used for building intermediate files, such as object files. This is _build by default.

cflags

Extra compiler flags to use. Things like -I/foo/include or -DFOO=1.

dir

The directory where the library will be written. This is . by default.

file

An instance of FFI::Build::File::Library to which the library will be written. Normally not needed.

libs

Extra library flags to use. Things like -L/foo/lib -lfoo.

platform

An instance of FFI::Build::Platform. Usually you want to omit this and use the default instance.

source

List of source files. You can use wildcards supported by bsd_glob from File::Glob.

verbose

By default this class does not print out the actual compiler and linker commands used in building the library unless there is a failure. You can alter this behavior with this option. Set to one of these values:

zero (0)

Default, quiet unless there is a failure.

one (1)

Output the operation (compile, link, etc) and the file, but nothing else

two (2)

Output the complete commands run verbatim.

METHODS

dir

 my $dir = $build->dir;

Returns the directory where the library will be written.

buildname

 my $builddir = $build->builddir;

Returns the build name. This is used in computing a directory to save intermediate files like objects. For example, if you specify a file like ffi/foo.c, then the object file will be stored in ffi/_build/foo.o by default. _build in this example (the default) is the build name.

file

 my $file = $build->file;

Returns an instance of FFI::Build::File::Library corresponding to the library being built. This is also returned by the build method below.

platform

 my $platform = $build->platform;

An instance of FFI::Build::Platform, which contains information about the platform on which you are building. The default is usually reasonable.

verbose

 my $verbose = $build->verbose;

Returns the verbose flag.

cflags

 my @cflags = @{ $build->cflags };

Returns the compiler flags.

cflags_I

 my @cflags_I = @{ $build->cflags_I };

Returns the -I cflags.

libs

 my @libs = @{ $build->libs };

Returns the library flags.

libs_L

 my @libs = @{ $build->libs };

Returns the -L library flags.

alien

 my @aliens = @{ $build->alien };

Returns a the list of aliens being used.

source

 $build->source(@files);

Add the @files to the list of source files that will be used in building the library. The format is the same as with the source attribute above.

build

 my $lib = $build->build;

This compiles the source files and links the library. Files that have already been compiled or linked may be reused without recompiling/linking if the timestamps are newer than the source files. An instance of FFI::Build::File::Library is returned which can be used to get the path to the library, which can be feed into FFI::Platypus or similar.

clean

 $build->clean;

Removes the library and intermediate files.

AUTHOR

Author: Graham Ollis <plicease@cpan.org>

Contributors:

Bakkiaraj Murugesan (bakkiaraj)

Dylan Cali (calid)

pipcet

Zaki Mughal (zmughal)

Fitz Elliott (felliott)

Vickenty Fesunov (vyf)

Gregor Herrmann (gregoa)

Shlomi Fish (shlomif)

Damyan Ivanov

Ilya Pavlov (Ilya33)

Petr Pisar (ppisar)

Mohammad S Anwar (MANWAR)

Håkon Hægland (hakonhagland, HAKONH)

Meredith (merrilymeredith, MHOWARD)

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2015,2016,2017,2018,2019 by Graham Ollis.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.