FindBin - Locate directory of original perl script
use lib "$FindBin::Bin/../lib";
use FindBin qw($Bin);
use lib "$Bin/../lib";
Locates the full path to the script bin directory to allow the use of paths relative to the bin directory.
This allows a user to setup a directory tree for some software with directories <root>/bin and <root>/lib, and then the above example will allow the use of modules in the lib directory without knowing where the software tree is installed.
If perl is invoked using the -e option or the perl script is read from STDIN then FindBin sets both $Bin and $RealBin to the current directory.
$Bin - path to bin directory from where script was invoked
$Script - basename of script from which perl was invoked
$RealBin - $Bin with all links resolved
$RealScript - $Script with all links resolved
If there are two modules using FindBin from different directories under the same interpreter, this won't work. Since FindBin uses a BEGIN block, it'll be executed only once, and only the first caller will get it right. This is a problem under mod_perl and other persistent Perl environments, where you shouldn't use this module. Which also means that you should avoid using FindBin in modules that you plan to put on CPAN. To make sure that FindBin will work is to call the again function:
FindBin::again(); # or FindBin->again;
In former versions of FindBin there was no again function. The workaround was to force the BEGIN block to be executed again:
FindBin is supported as part of the core perl distribution. Please send bug reports to <firstname.lastname@example.org> using the perlbug program included with perl.
Graham Barr <email@example.com> Nick Ing-Simmons <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Copyright (c) 1995 Graham Barr & Nick Ing-Simmons. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
To install FindBin, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.