++ed by:
ETHER MHOWARD MARSENI FARACO JRMASH

21 PAUSE users
19 non-PAUSE users.

Lukas Mai
and 1 contributors

NAME

Function::Parameters::Info - Information about parameter lists

SYNOPSIS

  use Function::Parameters;
  
  fun foo($x, $y, :$hello, :$world = undef) {}
  
  my $info = Function::Parameters::info \&foo;
  my @p0 = $info->invocants;            # ()
  my @p1 = $info->positional_required;  # ('$x', '$y')
  my @p2 = $info->positional_optional;  # ()
  my @p3 = $info->named_required;       # ('$hello')
  my @p4 = $info->named_optional;       # ('$world')
  my $p5 = $info->slurpy;               # undef
  my $min = $info->args_min;  # 4
  my $max = $info->args_max;  # inf
  
  my @invocants = Function::Parameters::info(method () { 42 })->invocants;
  # ('$self')
  
  my $slurpy = Function::Parameters::info(fun (@) {})->slurpy;  # '@'

DESCRIPTION

Function::Parameters::info returns objects of this class to describe parameter lists of functions. See below for "Parameter Objects". The following methods are available:

$info->invocants

Returns a list of parameter objects for the variables into which initial arguments are shifted automatically (or a count in scalar context). This will usually return () for normal functions and ('$self') for methods.

$info->positional_required

Returns a list of parameter objects for the required positional parameters (or a count in scalar context).

$info->positional_optional

Returns a list of parameter objects for the optional positional parameters (or a count in scalar context).

$info->named_required

Returns a list of parameter objects for the required named parameters (or a count in scalar context).

$info->named_optional

Returns a list of parameter objects for the optional named parameters (or a count in scalar context).

$info->slurpy

Returns a parameter object for the final array or hash that gobbles up all remaining arguments, or undef if no such thing exists.

$info->args_min

Returns the minimum number of arguments this function requires. This is computed as follows: Invocants and required positional parameters count 1 each. Optional parameters don't count. Required named parameters count 2 each (key + value). Slurpy parameters don't count either because they accept empty lists.

$info->args_max

Returns the maximum number of arguments this function accepts. This is computed as follows: If there are any named or slurpy parameters, the result is Inf. Otherwise the result is the number of all invocants and positional parameters.

$info->invocant

Similar to "$info->invocants" above: Returns undef if the number of invocants is 0, a parameter object for the invocant if there is exactly 1, and throws an exception otherwise.

Parameter Objects

Many of the methods described above return parameter objects. These objects have two methods: name, which returns the name of the parameter (as a plain string), and type, which returns the corresponding type constraint object (or undef if there was no type specified).

This should be invisible if you don't care about types because the objects also overload stringification to call name. That is, if you treat parameter objects like strings, they behave like strings (i.e. their names).

SEE ALSO

Function::Parameters

AUTHOR

Lukas Mai, <l.mai at web.de>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2013, 2016 Lukas Mai.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.