Steve Bertrand

NAME

Geo::Compass::Variation - Accurately calculate magnetic declination and inclination

SYNOPSIS

    use Geo::Compass::Variation qw(mag_dec mag_inc);

    my $lat = 53.1234567;
    my $lon = -114.1234567;
    my $alt = 1098;

    my $declination = mag_dec($lat, $lon, $alt);
    my $inclination = mag_inc($lat, $lon, $alt);

DESCRIPTION

This module calculates and returns the Magnetic declination and inclination (dip) calculations based on WMM earth magnetism model for a specified latitude and longitude pair.

See NOAA for details.

The WMM data is currently valid from January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2019. This module will be updated with new WMM data as it becomes available.

EXPORT_OK

All functions must be imported explicitly:

    use Geo::Compass::Variation qw(mag_dec mag_inc);

    # or

    use Geo::Compass::Variation qw(:all);

Note: The mag_dec function has an alias of mag_var which can be imported explicitly, or with the :all tag.

FUNCTIONS

mag_dec

Calculates and returns the magnetic declination of a pair of GPS coordinates.

Parameters:

    $lat

Mandatory, Float: Latitude, in signed notation (eg: 53.1111111. Negative is South and positive is North of the Equator.

    $lon

Mandatory, Float: Longitude, in signed notiation (eg: -114.11111. Negative is West and positive is East of the Prime Meridian.

    $alt

Optional, Integer: Altitude above sea level, in metres. Defaults to 0.

    $year

Optional, Integer|Float: The year to base the calculation from. Defaults to YYYY.M, where YYYY is the year from localtime() and M is the month number from localtime(), normalized to a digit between 1-10.

We will die() if the year is out of range of the current WMM specification.

Return: A floating point number representing the magnetic declination.

mag_var

Simply an alias for "mag_dec".

mag_inc

Calculates and returns the magnetic inclination of a pair of GPS coordinates.

Parameters:

Parameters are exactly the same as for the "mag_dec" function. Please review that documentation section for full details.

Return: A floating point number representing the magnetic inclination.

mag_field

Core function that calcluates the raw magnetic field north component ($X), the east component ($Y) and the vertical component ($Z).

Takes the same parameters as "mag_dec". Please see that function's documentation for full details.

AUTHOR

Steve Bertrand, <steveb at cpan.org>

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

All the thanks goes out to no_slogan of Perlmonks for all of the core functionality.

It was presented here, in response to this thread I had started regarding a code review of some prototype code I wrote to calculate the direction between two pairs of GPS coordinates.

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2017 Steve Bertrand.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.