Carl Franks
and 1 contributors


HTML::Menu::Select - Create HTML for select menus to simplify your templates.


  use HTML::Menu::Select qw( menu options );
  my $html = menu(
    name   => 'myMenu',
    values => [ 'yes', 'no' ],
  $tmpl->param( select_menu => $html );


This modules creates HTML for form select items.

Traditionally, if you wanted to dynamically generate a list of options in a select menu, you would either have to use CGI's HTML generation routines, or use a complicated template such as this:

  <select name="day">
  <TMPL_LOOP day>
          <option value="<TMPL_VAR value>" <TMPL_VAR selected>>
            <TMPL_VAR label>

This module allows you to quickly prototype a page, allowing the CGI to completely generate the HTML, while allowing you at a later stage to easily change how much HTML it generates.


To install this module, run the following commands:

  perl Makefile.PL
  make test
  make install

Alternatively, to install with Module::Build, you can use the following commands:

  perl Build.PL
  ./Build test
  ./Build install


Use menu() to generate the entire HTML for a select menu.

This allows you to have a very simple template tag, such as:

  <TMPL_VAR select_menu>

menu() accepts the following parameters:


This is used in the select tag's name="" attribute.

The name value will be run through escapeHTML(), see "HTML escaping".


This is an array-ref of values used for each of the option tags.

The values will be run through escapeHTML, see "HTML escaping".


This selects which (if any) option tag should have a selected="selected" attribute.


This is a hash-ref of values to provide different values for the user-visible label of each option tag. Each key should match a value provided by the values parameter.

If this parameter is not provided, or for any value which doesn't have a matching key here, the user-visible label will be the option's value.

  print menu(
    values => [1, 2],
    labels => {
      1 => 'one'},
      2 => 'two'},
  # will output
  <select name="">
  <option name="1">one</option>
  <option name="2">two</option>

The labels will be run through escapeHTML, see "HTML escaping".


This is a hash-ref of values to provide extra HTML attributes for the option tags. Like the labels parameter, the keys should match a value provided by the c<values> parameter.

Each value of this hash-ref should be a hash-ref representing the name and value of a HTML attribute.

  print menu(
    values     => ['one', 'two'],
    attributes => {
      one => {onSubmit => 'do(this);'},
      two => {style => 'color: #000;'},
  # will output
  <select name="">
  <option onSubmit="do(this);" name="one">one</option>
  <option style="color: #000;" name="two">two</option>

All attribute values (but not the attribute name) will be run through escapeHTML, see "HTML escaping".


An alias for value.


An alias for default.

All parameters are optional, though it doesn't make much sense to not provide anything for values.

Any unrecognised parameters will be used to provide extra HTML attributes for the select tag. For example:

  print menu(
    id       => 'myID',
    values   => ['one'],
    onChange => 'do(this);',
  # will output
  <select name="" id="myID" onChange="do(this);">
  <option name="one">one</option>

All attribute values (but not the attribute name) will be run through escapeHTML, see "HTML escaping".


Use options() to generate the HTML for only the option tags, allowing you to keep the outer select tag in the template, so that, for example, a designer can easily make changes to the CSS or JavaScript handlers.

You would have something like the following in your template:

  <select name="day">
    <TMPL_VAR menu_options>

options() accepts the same parameters as "menu()", but the name parameter is ignored.

popup_menu() is an alias for "menu()" for those familiar with CGI.

HTML escaping

If any of the following modules are already loaded into memory, their own escapeHTML (or equivalent) method will be used


Otherwise the following characters will be escaped


Arguments may be passed as a hash-reference, rather than a hash.

This allows compile time checking, rather than runtime.

  popup_menu( name => $name );
  # OR
  popup_menu( {name => $name} );

Arguments to the "menu()", "options()" and "popup_menu()" functions are similar to's, excepting the following differences.

Named arguments should not have a leading dash
  popup_menu( name => $name );
  # NOT
  # popup_menu( -name => $name );
Positional arguments are not supported
  popup_menu( name => $name, labels => \@labels );
  # NOT
  # popup_menu( $name, \@labels );
Attribute names not lowercased

An argument to's popup_menu such as -onChange = 'check()'> will output the HTML onchange="check()".

This module will retain the case, outputting onChange="check()".

The optgroup function is not yet supported


Please log bugs, feature requests and patch submissions at

Support mailing list:


HTML::Menu::DateTime, HTML::Template, Template, Template::Magic, DateTime::Locale.


Carl Franks <>


  Ron Savage


Copyright 2005, Carl Franks. All rights reserved.

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

Licenses are in the files "Artistic" and "Copying" in this distribution.