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HTTP::Tiny::UA - Higher-level UA features for HTTP::Tiny


version 0.006


    use HTTP::Tiny::UA;
    my $ua = HTTP::Tiny::UA->new(


This module extends HTTP::Tiny with higher-level convenience features.



    $http = HTTP::Tiny::UA->new( %attributes );

This is inherited from HTTP::Tiny. The only difference so far is that agent will be HTTP-Tiny-UA/$VERSION.

  • agent

    A user-agent string (defaults to 'HTTP-Tiny-UA/$VERSION'). If agent ends in a space character, the default user-agent string is appended.

  • cookie_jar

    An instance of HTTP::CookieJar or equivalent class that supports the add and cookie_header methods

  • default_headers

    A hashref of default headers to apply to requests

  • local_address

    The local IP address to bind to

  • max_redirect

    Maximum number of redirects allowed (defaults to 5)

  • max_size

    Maximum response size (only when not using a data callback). If defined, responses larger than this will return an exception.

  • proxy

    URL of a proxy server to use (default is $ENV{http_proxy} if set)

  • no_proxy

    List of domain suffixes that should not be proxied. Must be a comma-separated string or an array reference. (default is $ENV{no_proxy})

  • timeout

    Request timeout in seconds (default is 60)

  • verify_SSL

    A boolean that indicates whether to validate the SSL certificate of an https connection (default is false)

  • SSL_options

    A hashref of SSL_* options to pass through to IO::Socket::SSL

See SSL SUPPORT in HTTP::Tiny for more on the verify_SSL and SSL_options attributes.


These methods are inherited from HTTP::Tiny and work the same, except they invoke the HTTP::Tiny::UA request method and return a HTTP::Tiny::UA::Response object.


    my $res = HTTP::Tiny->new->get( $url );

Just like HTTP::Tiny::request, but returns a HTTP::Tiny::UA::Response object. All other get, post, etc. methods eventually invoke this one so all such methods return response objects now.


Exceptions from max_size, timeout or other error conditions will result in a pseudo-HTTP status code of 599 and a reason of "Internal Exception". The content field in the response will contain the text of the exception.


Unlike HTTP::Tiny, this module is open to additional features. Please discuss new ideas on the bug tracker for feedback before implementing.

While this module is not strictly "Tiny", here are some general guidelines:

  • The goal for this module is not feature/API equivalence with LWP::UserAgent

  • Core module dependencies and "Tiny"-ish module dependencies are OK

  • Other CPAN modules should be used sparingly and only for good reasons

  • Any XS dependencies must be optional



Bugs / Feature Requests

Please report any bugs or feature requests through the issue tracker at You will be notified automatically of any progress on your issue.

Source Code

This is open source software. The code repository is available for public review and contribution under the terms of the license.

  git clone


David Golden <>


  • Felipe Gasper <>

  • Graham Ollis <>

  • Michael G. Schwern <>


This software is Copyright (c) 2013 by David Golden.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Apache License, Version 2.0, January 2004