++ed by:
ALEXBIO ARISTOTLE DAGOLDEN DOHERTY ETHER

15 PAUSE user(s)
4 non-PAUSE user(s).

Steffen Ullrich

NAME

IO::Socket::SSL::Utils -- loading, storing, creating certificates and keys

SYNOPSIS

    use IO::Socket::SSL::Utils;
    my $cert = PEM_file2cert('cert.pem');
    my $string = PEM_cert2string($cert);
    CERT_free($cert);

    my $key = KEY_create_rsa(2048);
    PEM_string2file($key);
    KEY_free($key);

DESCRIPTION

This module provides various utility functions to work with certificates and private keys, shielding some of the complexity of the underlying Net::SSLeay and OpenSSL.

FUNCTIONS

  • Functions converting between string or file and certificates and keys. They croak if the operation cannot be completed.

    PEM_file2cert(file) -> cert
    PEM_cert2file(cert,file)
    PEM_string2cert(string) -> cert
    PEM_cert2string(cert) -> string
    PEM_file2key(file) -> key
    PEM_key2file(key,file)
    PEM_string2key(string) -> key
    PEM_key2string(key) -> string
  • Functions for cleaning up. Each loaded or created cert and key must be freed to not leak memory.

    CERT_free(cert)
    KEY_free(key)
  • KEY_create_rsa(bits) -> key

    Creates an RSA key pair, bits defaults to 2048.

  • CERT_asHash(cert,[digest_algo]) -> hash

    Extracts the information from the certificate into a hash and uses the given digest_algo (default: SHA-256) to determine digest of pubkey and cert. The resulting hash contains:

    subject

    Hash with the parts of the subject, e.g. commonName, countryName, organizationName, stateOrProvinceName, localityName.

    subjectAltNames

    Array with list of alternative names. Each entry in the list is of [type,value], where type can be OTHERNAME, EMAIL, DNS, X400, DIRNAME, EDIPARTY, URI, IP or RID.

    issuer

    Hash with the parts of the issuer, e.g. commonName, countryName, organizationName, stateOrProvinceName, localityName.

    not_before, not_after

    The time frame, where the certificate is valid, as time_t, e.g. can be converted with localtime or similar functions.

    serial

    The serial number

    crl_uri

    List of URIs for CRL distribution.

    ocsp_uri

    List of URIs for revocation checking using OCSP.

    keyusage

    List of keyUsage information in the certificate.

    extkeyusage

    List of extended key usage information from the certificate. Each entry in this list consists of a hash with oid, nid, ln and sn.

    pubkey_digest_xxx

    Binary digest of the pubkey using the given digest algorithm, e.g. pubkey_digest_sha256 if (the default) SHA-256 was used.

    x509_digest_xxx

    Binary digest of the X.509 certificate using the given digest algorithm, e.g. x509_digest_sha256 if (the default) SHA-256 was used.

    fingerprint_xxx

    Fingerprint of the certificate using the given digest algorithm, e.g. fingerprint_sha256 if (the default) SHA-256 was used. Contrary to digest_* this is an ASCII string with a list if hexadecimal numbers, e.g. "73:59:75:5C:6D...".

    ext

    List of extensions. Each entry in the list is a hash with oid, nid, sn, critical flag (boolean) and data (string representation given by X509V3_EXT_print).

    version

    Certificate version, usually 2 (x509v3)

  • CERT_create(hash) -> (cert,key)

    Creates a certificate based on the given hash. If the issuer is not specified the certificate will be self-signed. The following keys can be given:

    subject

    Hash with the parts of the subject, e.g. commonName, countryName, ... as described in CERT_asHash. Default points to IO::Socket::SSL.

    not_before

    A time_t value when the certificate starts to be valid. Defaults to current time.

    not_after

    A time_t value when the certificate ends to be valid. Defaults to current time plus one 365 days.

    serial

    The serial number. If not given a random number will be used.

    version

    The version of the certificate, default 2 (x509v3).

    CA true|false

    if true declare certificate as CA, defaults to false

    ext [{ sn => .., data => ... }, ... ]

    List of extensions. The type of the extension can be specified as name with sn or as NID with nid and the data with data. These data must be in the same syntax as expected within openssl.cnf, e.g. something like OCSP;URI=http://.... Additionally the critical flag can be set with critical = 1>.

    key key

    use given key as key for certificate, otherwise a new one will be generated and returned

    issuer_cert cert

    set issuer for new certificate

    issuer_key key

    sign new certificate with given key

    issuer [ cert, key ]

    Instead of giving issuer_key and issuer_cert as separate arguments they can be given both together.

    digest algorithm

    specify the algorithm used to sign the certificate, default SHA-256.

AUTHOR

Steffen Ullrich




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