Zakariyya Mughal

NAME

Image::Leptonica::Func::quadtree

VERSION

version 0.04

quadtree.c

  quadtree.c

      Top level quadtree linear statistics
          l_int32   pixQuadtreeMean()
          l_int32   pixQuadtreeVariance()

      Statistics in an arbitrary rectangle
          l_int32   pixMeanInRectangle()
          l_int32   pixVarianceInRectangle()

      Quadtree regions
          BOXAA    *boxaaQuadtreeRegions()

      Quadtree access
          l_int32   quadtreeGetParent()
          l_int32   quadtreeGetChildren()
          l_int32   quadtreeMaxLevels()

      Display quadtree
          PIX      *fpixaDisplayQuadtree()


  There are many other statistical quantities that can be computed
  in a quadtree, such as rank values, and these can be added as
  the need arises.

  Similar results that can approximate a single level of the quadtree
  can be generated by pixGetAverageTiled().  There we specify the
  tile size over which the mean, mean square, and root variance
  are generated; the results are saved in a (reduced size) pix.
  Because the tile dimensions are integers, it is usually not possible
  to obtain tilings that are a power of 2, as required for quadtrees.

FUNCTIONS

boxaaQuadtreeRegions

BOXAA * boxaaQuadtreeRegions ( l_int32 w, l_int32 h, l_int32 nlevels )

  boxaaQuadtreeRegions()

      Input:  w, h (of pix that is being quadtree-ized)
              nlevels (in quadtree)
      Return: baa (for quadtree regions at each level), or null on error

  Notes:
      (1) The returned boxaa has @nlevels of boxa, each containing
          the set of rectangles at that level.  The rectangle at
          level 0 is the entire region; at level 1 the region is
          divided into 4 rectangles, and at level n there are n^4
          rectangles.
      (2) At each level, the rectangles in the boxa are in "raster"
          order, with LR (fast scan) and TB (slow scan).

fpixaDisplayQuadtree

PIX * fpixaDisplayQuadtree ( FPIXA *fpixa, l_int32 factor )

  fpixaDisplayQuadtree()

      Input:  fpixa (mean, variance or root variance)
              factor (replication factor at lowest level)
      Return: pixd (8 bpp, mosaic of quadtree images), or null on error

  Notes:
      (1) The mean and root variance fall naturally in the 8 bpp range,
          but the variance is typically outside the range.  This
          function displays 8 bpp pix clipped to 255, so the image
          pixels will mostly be 255 (white).

pixMeanInRectangle

l_int32 pixMeanInRectangle ( PIX *pixs, BOX *box, PIX *pixma, l_float32 *pval )

  pixMeanInRectangle()

      Input:  pix (8 bpp)
              box (region to compute mean value)
              pixma (mean accumulator)
              &val (<return> mean value
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) This function is intended to be used for many rectangles
          on the same image.  It can find the mean within a
          rectangle in O(1), independent of the size of the rectangle.

pixQuadtreeMean

l_int32 pixQuadtreeMean ( PIX *pixs, l_int32 nlevels, PIX *pix_ma, FPIXA **pfpixa )

  pixQuadtreeMean()

      Input:  pixs (8 bpp, no colormap)
              nlevels (in quadtree; max allowed depends on image size)
             *pix_ma (input mean accumulator; can be null)
             *pfpixa (<return> mean values in quadtree)
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) The returned fpixa has @nlevels of fpix, each containing
          the mean values at its level.  Level 0 has a
          single value; level 1 has 4 values; level 2 has 16; etc.

pixQuadtreeVariance

l_int32 pixQuadtreeVariance ( PIX *pixs, l_int32 nlevels, PIX *pix_ma, DPIX *dpix_msa, FPIXA **pfpixa_v, FPIXA **pfpixa_rv )

  pixQuadtreeVariance()

      Input:  pixs (8 bpp, no colormap)
              nlevels (in quadtree)
             *pix_ma (input mean accumulator; can be null)
             *dpix_msa (input mean square accumulator; can be null)
             *pfpixa_v (<optional return> variance values in quadtree)
             *pfpixa_rv (<optional return> root variance values in quadtree)
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) The returned fpixav and fpixarv have @nlevels of fpix,
          each containing at the respective levels the variance
          and root variance values.

pixVarianceInRectangle

l_int32 pixVarianceInRectangle ( PIX *pixs, BOX *box, PIX *pix_ma, DPIX *dpix_msa, l_float32 *pvar, l_float32 *prvar )

  pixVarianceInRectangle()

      Input:  pix (8 bpp)
              box (region to compute variance and/or root variance)
              pix_ma (mean accumulator)
              dpix_msa (mean square accumulator)
              &var (<optional return> variance)
              &rvar (<optional return> root variance)
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) This function is intended to be used for many rectangles
          on the same image.  It can find the variance and/or the
          square root of the variance within a rectangle in O(1),
          independent of the size of the rectangle.

quadtreeGetChildren

l_int32 quadtreeGetChildren ( FPIXA *fpixa, l_int32 level, l_int32 x, l_int32 y, l_float32 *pval00, l_float32 *pval10, l_float32 *pval01, l_float32 *pval11 )

  quadtreeGetChildren()

      Input:  fpixa (mean, variance or root variance)
              level, x, y (of current pixel)
              &val00, val01, val10, val11  (<return> child pixel values)
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) Check return value for error.  On error, all return vals are 0.0.
      (2) The returned child pixels are located at:
             level + 1
             (2x, 2y), (2x+1, 2y), (2x, 2y+1), (2x+1, 2y+1)

quadtreeGetParent

l_int32 quadtreeGetParent ( FPIXA *fpixa, l_int32 level, l_int32 x, l_int32 y, l_float32 *pval )

  quadtreeGetParent()

      Input:  fpixa (mean, variance or root variance)
              level, x, y (of current pixel)
              &val (<return> parent pixel value), or 0.0 on error.
      Return: 0 if OK, 1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) Check return value for error.  On error, val is returned as 0.0.
      (2) The parent is located at:
             level - 1
             (x/2, y/2)

quadtreeMaxLevels

l_int32 quadtreeMaxLevels ( l_int32 w, l_int32 h )

  quadtreeMaxLevels()

      Input:  w, h (of image)
      Return: maxlevels (maximum number of levels allowed), or -1 on error

  Notes:
      (1) The criterion for maxlevels is that the subdivision not
          go down below the single pixel level.  The 1.5 factor
          is intended to keep any rectangle from accidentally
          having zero dimension due to integer truncation.

AUTHOR

Zakariyya Mughal <zmughal@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Zakariyya Mughal.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.