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Author image Thomas Klausner
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InfluxDB::LineProtocol - Write and read InfluxDB LineProtocol


version 1.015


  use InfluxDB::LineProtocol qw(data2line line2data);

  # convert some Perl data into InfluxDB LineProtocol
  my $influx_line = data2line('measurement', 42);
  my $influx_line = data2line('measurement', { cost => 42 });
  my $influx_line = data2line('measurement', 42, { tag => 'foo'} );

  # convert InfluxDB Line back into Perl
  my ($measurement, $values, $tags, $timestamp) =
    line2data("metric,location=eu,server=srv1 value=42 1437072299900001000");


InfluxDB is a rather new time series database. Since version 0.9 they use their LineProtocol to write time series data into the database. This module allows you to generate such a line from a datastructure, handling all the annoying escaping and sorting for you. You can also use it to parse a line (maybe you want to add some tags to a line written by another app).

Please read the InfluxDB docs so you understand how metrics, values and tags work.

InfluxDB::LineProtocol will always try to implement the most current version of the InfluxDB line protocol, while allowing you to also get the old behaviour. Currently we support 0.9.3 and newer per default, and 0.9.2 if you ask nicely.



 data2line($metric, $single_value);
 data2line($metric, $values_hashref);
 data2line($metric, $value, $tags_hashref);
 data2line($metric, $value, $nanoseconds);
 data2line($metric, $value, $tags_hashref, $nanoseconds);

data2line takes various parameters and converts them to an InfluxDB Line.

metric has to be valid InfluxDB measurement name. Required.

value can be either a scalar, which will be turned into "value=$value"; or a hashref, if you want to write several values (or a value with another name than "value"). Required.

tags_hashref is an optional hashref of tag-names and tag-values.

nanoseconds is an optional integer representing nanoseconds since the epoch. If you do not pass it, InfluxDB::LineProtocol will use Time::HiRes to get the current timestamp.


  my ($metric, $value_hashref, $tags_hashref, $timestamp) = line2data( $line );

line2data parses an InfluxDB line and always returns 4 values.

tags_hashref is undef if there are no tags!


InfluxDB support different timestamp precisions:

Nanosecond (ns, the default), microseconds (us), milliseconds (ms), seconds (s), minutes (m) and hours (h). If you do not want to generate lines using nanoseconds (which might be a good idea, because InfluxDB uses less space and has better performance if you choose a smaller precision), you can specify the wanted precision on load of InfluxDB::LineProtocol:

  use InfluxDB::LineProtocol->import(qw(data2line precision=ms));

Please note that yo have to tell InfluxDB the precision when posting lines to /write!


To use an old version of the line protocol, specify the version you want when loading InfluxDB::LineProtocol:

  use InfluxDB::LineProtocol qw(v0.9.2 data2line);

You will get a version of data2line that conforms to the 0.9.2 version of the line protocol.

Currently supported version are:

  • 0.9.3 and newer

    default, no need to specify anything

  • 0.9.2

    load via v0.9.2



  • InfluxDB provides access to the old 0.8 API. It also allows searching etc.

  • AnyEvent::InfluxDB - An asynchronous library for InfluxDB time-series database. Does not implement escaping etc, so if you want to use AnyEvent::InfluxDB to send data to InfluxDB you can use InfluxDB::LineProtocol to convert your measurement data structure before sending it via AnyEvent::InfluxDB.


Thanks to

  • validad.com for funding the development of this code.

  • Jose Luis Martinez for implementing negative & exponential number support and pointing out the change in the line protocol in 0.9.3.

  • mvgrimes for fixing a bug when nanosecond timestamps cause some Perls to render the timestamp in scientific notation.

  • Adrian Popa for fixing a bug when handling large scientific notation data.

  • zachary-bull for adding code to escape = in tag keys.


Thomas Klausner <domm@plix.at>


This software is copyright (c) 2016 - 2022 by Thomas Klausner.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

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