++ed by:
Gustavo Leite de Mendonça Chaves

NAME

JIRA::Client - An extended interface to JIRA's SOAP API.

VERSION

version 0.41

SYNOPSIS

  use JIRA::Client;

  my $jira = JIRA::Client->new('http://jira.example.com/jira', 'user', 'passwd');

  my $issue = $jira->create_issue(
    {
      project => 'TST',
      type => 'Bug',
      summary => 'Summary of the bug',
      assignee => 'gustavo',
      components => ['compa', 'compb'],
      fixVersions => ['1.0.1'],
      custom_fields => {Language => 'Perl', Architecture => 'Linux'},
    }
  );

  $issue = eval { $jira->getIssue('TST-123') };
  die "Can't getIssue(): $@" if $@;

  $jira->set_filter_iterator('my-filter');
  while (my $issue = $jira->next_issue()) {
      # ...
  }

DESCRIPTION

JIRA is a proprietary bug tracking system from Atlassian (http://www.atlassian.com/software/jira/).

This module implements an Object Oriented wrapper around JIRA's SOAP API, which is specified in http://docs.atlassian.com/software/jira/docs/api/rpc-jira-plugin/latest/com/atlassian/jira/rpc/soap/JiraSoapService.html. (This version is known work against JIRA 4.4.)

Moreover, it implements some other methods to make it easier to do some common operations.

API METHODS

With the exception of the API login and logout methods, which aren't needed, all other methods are available through the JIRA::Client object interface. You must call them with the same name as documented in the specification but you should not pass the token argument, because it is supplied transparently by the JIRA::Client object.

All methods fail by throwing exceptions (croaking, actually). You may want to guard against this by invoking them within an eval block, like this:

  my $issue = eval { $jira->getIssue('TST-123') };
  die "Can't getIssue('TST-123'): $@" if $@;

Some of the API methods require hard-to-build data structures as arguments. This module tries to make them easier to call by accepting simpler structures and implicitly constructing the more elaborated ones before making the actual SOAP call. Note that this is an option, i.e, you can either pass the elaborate structures by yourself or the simpler ones in the call.

The items below are all the implemented implicit conversions. Wherever a parameter of the type specified first is required (as an rvalue, not as an lvalue) by an API method you can safely pass a value of the type specified second.

A issue key as a string can be specified by a RemoteIssue object.
A RemoteComment object can be specified by a string.
A filterId as a string can be specified by a RemoteFilter object.
A RemoteFieldValue object array can be specified by a hash mapping field names to values.

EXTRA METHODS

This module implements some extra methods to add useful functionality to the API. They are described below. Note that their names don't follow the CamelCase convention used by the native API methods but the more Perlish underscore_separated_words convention so that you can distinguish them and we can avoid future name clashes.

new BASEURL, USER, PASSWD [, <SOAP::Lite arguments>]

BASEURL is the JIRA server's base URL (e.g., https://jira.example.net or https://example.net/jira), to which the default WSDL descriptor path (/rpc/soap/jirasoapservice-v2?wsdl) will be appended in order to construct the underlying SOAP::Lite object.

USER and PASSWD are the credentials that will be used to authenticate into JIRA.

Any other arguments will be passed to the SOAP::Lite object that will be created to talk to JIRA.

new HASH_REF

You can invoke the constructor with a single hash-ref argument. The same arguments that are passed as a list above can be passed by name with a hash. This constructor is also more flexible, as it makes room for extra arguments.

The valid hash keys are listed below.

baseurl => STRING

(Required) The JIRA server's base URL.

wsdl => STRING

(Optional) JIRA's standard WSDL descriptor path is /rpc/soap/jirasoapservice-v2?wsdl. If your JIRA instance has a non-standard path to the WSDL service, you may specify it here.

user => STRING

(Required) The username to authenticate into JIRA.

password => STRING

(Required) The password to authenticate into JIRA.

soapargs => ARRAY_REF

(Optional) Extra arguments to be passed to the SOAP::Lite object that will be created to talk to JIRA.

create_issue HASH_REF [, SECURITYLEVEL]

Creates a new issue given a hash containing the initial values for its fields and, optionally, a security-level. The hash must specify at least the fields project, summary, and type.

This is an easier to use version of the createIssue API method. For once it accepts symbolic values for some of the issue fields that the API method does not. Specifically:

type can be specified by name instead of by id.
priority can be specified by name instead of by id.
component can be specified by a list of component names or ids instead of a list of RemoteComponent objects.
affectsVersions and fixVersions can be specified by a list of version names or ids instead of a list of RemoteVersion objects.
duedate can be specified by a DateTime object or by a string in ISO standard format (YYYY-MM-DD...). (Note that up to JIRA 4.3 you could pass a string in the format "d/MMM/yy", which was passed as is to JIRA, which expected a string SOAP type. However, since JIRA 4.4 the server expects a date SOAP type, which must be in the ISO standard format.)

It accepts a 'magic' field called parent, which specifies the issue key from which the created issue must be a sub-task.

It accepts another 'magic' field called custom_fields to make it easy to set custom fields. It accepts a hash mapping each custom field to its value. The custom field can be specified by its id (in the format customfield_NNNNN) or by its name, in which case the method will try to convert it to its id. Note that to do that conversion the user needs administrator rights.

A simple custom field value can be specified by a scalar, which will be properly placed inside an ARRAY in order to satisfy the RemoteFieldValue's structure.

Cascading select fields are properly specified like this: http://tinyurl.com/2bmthoa. The magic short-cut requires a HASH where each cascading level is indexed by its level number, starting at zero. So, instead of specifying it like this:

    {
        id => 'customfield_10011',
        values => [ SOAP::Data->type(string => '10031' ) ]
    },
    {
        id => 'customfield_10011:1',
        values => [ SOAP::Data->type(string => '10188') ],
    },

You can do it like this:

    {customfield_10011 => {'0' => 10031, '1' => 10188}},

Note that the original hash keys and values are completely preserved.

update_issue ISSUE_OR_KEY, HASH_REF

Update a issue given a hash containing the values for its fields. The first argument may be an issue key or a RemoteIssue object. The second argument must be a hash-ref specifying the fields's values just like documented in the create_issue function above.

This is an easier to use version of the updateIssue API method because it accepts the same shortcuts that create_issue does.

get_issue_types

Returns a hash mapping the server's issue type names to the RemoteIssueType objects describing them.

get_subtask_issue_types

Returns a hash mapping the server's sub-task issue type names to the RemoteIssueType objects describing them.

get_statuses

Returns a hash mapping the server's status names to the RemoteStatus objects describing them.

get_priorities

Returns a hash mapping a server's priorities names to the RemotePriority objects describing them.

get_resolutions

Returns a hash mapping a server's resolution names to the RemoteResolution objects describing them.

get_security_levels PROJECT-KEY

Returns a hash mapping a project's security level names to the RemoteSecurityLevel objects describing them.

get_custom_fields

Returns a hash mapping JIRA's custom field names to the RemoteField representing them. It's useful since when you get a RemoteIssue object from this API it doesn't contain the custom field's names, but just their identifiers. From the RemoteField object you can obtain the field's id, which is useful when calling the updateIssue method.

The method calls the getCustomFields API method the first time and keeps the custom fields information in a cache.

set_custom_fields HASHREF

Passes a hash mapping JIRA's custom field names to the RemoteField representing them to populate the custom field's cache. This can be useful if you don't have administrative privileges to the JIRA instance, since only administrators can call the getCustomFields API method.

get_components PROJECT_KEY

Returns a hash mapping a project's components names to the RemoteComponent objects describing them.

get_versions PROJECT_KEY

Returns a hash mapping a project's versions names to the RemoteVersion objects describing them.

get_favourite_filters

Returns a hash mapping the user's favourite filter names to its filter ids.

set_filter_iterator FILTER [, CACHE_SIZE]

Sets up an iterator for the filter identified by FILTER. It must be called before calls to next_issue.

FILTER can be either a filter id or a filter name, in which case it's converted to a filter id with a call to getSavedFilters.

CACHE_SIZE defines the number of issues that will be pre-fetched by nect_issue using getIssuesFromFilterWithLimit. If not specified, a suitable default will be used.

next_issue

This must be called after a call to set_filter_iterator. Each call returns a reference to the next issue from the filter. When there are no more issues it returns undef.

progress_workflow_action_safely ISSUE, ACTION, PARAMS

This is a safe and easier to use version of the progressWorkflowAction API method which is used to progress an issue through a workflow's action while making edits to the fields that are shown in the action screen. The API method is dangerous because if you forget to provide new values to all the fields shown in the screen, then the fields not provided will become undefined in the issue. The problem has a pending issue on Atlassian's JIRA http://jira.atlassian.com/browse/JRA-8717.

This method plays it safe by making sure that all fields shown in the screen that already have a value are given new (or the same) values so that they don't get undefined. It calls the getFieldsForAction API method to grok all fields that are shown in the screen. If there is any field not set in the ACTION_PARAMS then it calls getIssue to grok the missing fields current values. As a result it constructs the necessary RemoteFieldAction array that must be passed to progressWorkflowAction.

The method is also easier to use because its arguments are more flexible:

ISSUE can be either an issue key or a RemoteIssue object returned by a previous call to, e.g., getIssue.
ACTION can be either an action id or an action name.
PARAMS must be a hash mapping field names to field values. This hash is treated in the same way as the hash passed to the function create_issue above.

For example, instead of using this:

  my $action_id = somehow_grok_the_id_of('close');
  $jira->progressWorkflowAction('PRJ-5', $action_id, [
    RemoteFieldValue->new(2, 'new value'),
    ..., # all fields must be specified here
  ]);

And risking to forget to pass some field you can do this:

  $jira->progress_workflow_action_safely('PRJ-5', 'close', {2 => 'new value'});

get_issue_custom_field_values ISSUE, NAME_OR_IDs

This method receives a RemoteField object and a list of names or ids of custom fields. It returns a list of references to the ARRAYs containing the values of the ISSUE's custom fields denoted by their NAME_OR_IDs. Returns undef for custom fields not set on the issue.

In scalar context it returns a reference to the list.

attach_files_to_issue ISSUE, FILES...

This method attaches one or more files to an issue. The ISSUE argument may be an issue key or a RemoteIssue object. The attachments may be specified in two ways:

STRING

A string denotes a filename to be open and read. In this case, the attachment name is the file's basename.

HASHREF

When you want to specify a different name to the attachment or when you already have an IO object (a GLOB, a IO::File, or a FileHandle) you must pass them as values of a hash. The keys of the hash are taken as the attachment name. You can specify more than one attachment in each hash.

The method retuns the value returned by the addBase64EncodedAttachmentsToIssue API method.

In the example below, we attach three files to the issue TST-1. The first is called file1.txt and its contents are read from /path/to/file1.txt. The second is called text.txt and its contents are read from /path/to/file2.txt. the third is called me.jpg and its contents are read from the object refered to by $fh.

    $jira->attach_files_to_issue('TST-1',
                                 '/path/to/file1.txt',
                                 {
                                     'text.txt' => '/path/to/file2.txt',
                                     'me.jpg'   => $fh,
                                 },
    );

attach_strings_to_issue ISSUE, HASHREF

This method attaches one or more strings to an issue. The ISSUE argument may be an issue key or a RemoteIssue object. The attachments are specified by a HASHREF in which the keys denote the file names and the values their contents.

The method retuns the value returned by the addBase64EncodedAttachmentsToIssue API method.

filter_issues_unsorted FILTER [, LIMIT]

This method returns a list of RemoteIssue objects from the specified FILTER, which is a string that is understood in one of these ways (in order):

A space-separated list of issue keys

To specify issues explicitly by their keys, which must match /[A-Z]+-\d+/i. The letters in the key are upcased before being passed to getIssue. For example:

    KEY-123 chave-234 CLAVE-345
The name of a saved filter

If FILTER is a single word, it is passed to getIssuesFromFilterWithLimit as a filter name. For example:

    sprint-backlok-filter
A JQL expression

As a last resort, FILTER is passed to getIssuesFromJqlSearch as a JQL expression. For example:

    project = CDS AND fixVersion = sprint-5

The optional LIMIT argument specified the maximum number of issues that can be returned. It has a default limit of 1000, but this can be overridden by the JIRA server configuration.

This method is meant to be used as a flexible interface for human beings to request a list of issues. Be warned, however, that you are responsible to de-taint the FILTER argument before passing it to the method.

filter_issues FILTER [, LIMIT]

This method invokes the filter_issues_unsorted method with the same arguments and returns the list of RemoteIssue objects sorted by issue key.

OTHER CONSTRUCTORS

The JIRA SOAP API uses several types of objects (i.e., classes) for which the Perl SOAP interface does not provide the necessary constructors. This module implements some of them.

RemoteFieldValue->new ID, VALUES

The RemoteFieldValue object represents the value of a field of an issue. It needs two arguments:

ID

The field name, which must be a valid key for the ISSUE hash.

VALUES

A scalar or an array of scalars.

RemoteCustomFieldValue->new ID, VALUES

The RemoteCustomFieldValue object represents the value of a custom_field of an issue. It needs two arguments:

ID

The field name, which must be a valid custom_field key.

VALUES

A scalar or an array of scalars.

RemoteComponent->new ID, NAME

RemoteVersion->new ID, NAME

EXAMPLES

Please, see the examples under the examples directory in the module distribution.

AUTHOR

Gustavo L. de M. Chaves <gnustavo@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by CPqD.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.




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