++ed by:
TOBYINK

1 PAUSE user(s)
6 non-PAUSE user(s).

Toby Inkster

NAME

Kavorka - function signatures with the lure of the animal

SYNOPSIS

   use Kavorka;
   
   fun maxnum (Num @numbers) {
      my $max = shift @numbers;
      for (@numbers) {
         $max = $_ if $max < $_;
      }
      return $max;
   }
   
   my $biggest = maxnum(42, 3.14159, 666);

STATUS

Kavorka is still at a very early stage of development; there are likely to be many bugs that still need to be shaken out. Certain syntax features are a little odd and may need to be changed in incompatible ways.

DESCRIPTION

Kavorka provides fun and method keywords for declaring functions and methods. It uses Perl 5.14's keyword API, so should work more reliably than source filters or Devel::Declare-based modules.

The syntax provided by Kavorka is largely inspired by Perl 6, though it has also been greatly influenced by Method::Signatures and Function::Parameters.

For information using the keywords exported by Kavorka:

Exports

-default

Exports fun and method.

-modifiers

Exports before, after, and around.

-allmodifiers

Exports before, after, around, augment, and override.

-all

Exports fun, method, before, after, around, augment, override, classmethod, objectmethod, and multi.

For example:

   # Everything except objectmethod and multi...
   use Kavorka qw( -default -allmodifiers classmethod );

You can rename imported functions:

   use Kavorka method => { -as => 'meth' };

You can provide alternative implementations:

   # use My::Sub::Method instead of Kavorka::Sub::Method
   use Kavorka method => { implementation => 'My::Sub::Method' };

Or add traits to the default implementation:

   use Kavorka method => { traits => ['My::Sub::Role::Foo'] };

See Exporter::Tiny for more tips.

Function Introspection API

The coderef for any sub created by Kavorka can be passed to the Kavorka->info method. This returns a blessed object that does the Kavorka::Sub role.

   fun foo (:$x, :$y) { }
   
   my $info = Kavorka->info(\&foo);
   
   my $function_name = $info->qualified_name;
   my @named_params  = $info->signature->named_params;
   
   say $named_params[0]->named_names->[0];   # says 'x'

See Kavorka::Sub, Kavorka::Signature and Kavorka::Parameter for further details.

If you're using Moose, consider using MooseX::KavorkaInfo to expose Kavorka method signatures via the meta object protocol.

Kavorka::Manual::API provides more details and examples using the introspection API.

CAVEATS

  • As noted in Kavorka::Manual::PrototypeAndAttributes, subroutine attributes don't work properly for anonymous functions.

  • This module is based on Parse::Keyword, which has a chronically broken implementation of closures. Kavorka uses PadWalker to attempt to work around the problem. This mostly seems to work, but you may experience some problems in edge cases, especially for anonymous functions and methods.

  • If importing Kavorka's method modifiers into Moo/Mouse/Moose classes, pay attention to load order:

       use Moose;
       use Kavorka -all;   # ok

    If you do it this way, Moose's before, after, and around keywords will stomp on top of Kavorka's...

       use Kavorka -all;
       use Moose;          # STOMP, STOMP, STOMP!  :-(

    This can lead to delightfully hard to debug errors.

BUGS

Please report any bugs to http://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=Kavorka.

SUPPORT

IRC: support is available through in the #moops channel on irc.perl.org.

SEE ALSO

Kavorka::Manual.

Inspirations: http://perlcabal.org/syn/S06.html, Function::Parameters, Method::Signatures.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Conversion_(Seinfeld).

AUTHOR

Toby Inkster <tobyink@cpan.org>.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2013-2014 by Toby Inkster.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.




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