Robert Rothenberg
and 2 contributors

NAME

Lingua::Conjunction - Convert lists into simple linguistic conjunctions

VERSION

version v2.1.2

SYNOPSIS

    use Lingua::Conjunction;

    # emits "Jack"
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack');

    # emits "Jack and Jill"
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack', 'Jill');

    # emits "Jack, Jill, and Spot"
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack', 'Jill', 'Spot');

    # emits "Jack, a boy; Jill, a girl; and Spot, a dog"
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack, a boy', 'Jill, a girl', 'Spot, a dog');

    # emits "Jacques, un garcon; Jeanne, une fille; et Spot, un chien"
    Lingua::Conjunction->lang('fr');
    $name_list = conjunction(
        'Jacques, un garcon',
        'Jeanne, une fille',
        'Spot, un chien'
    );

DESCRIPTION

Lingua::Conjunction exports a single subroutine, conjunction, that converts a list into a properly punctuated text string.

You can cause conjunction to use the connectives of other languages, by calling the appropriate subroutine:

    Lingua::Conjunction->lang('en');   # use 'and' (default)
    Lingua::Conjunction->lang('es');   # use 'y'

Supported languages in this version are English, Spanish, French, Italian, German, Portuguese, Norwegian, Danish, Dutch, Afrikaans, Swahili, and Latin. (Klingon is intentionally not supported.)

You can also set connectives individually:

    Lingua::Conjunction->separator("...");
    Lingua::Conjunction->separator_phrase("--");
    Lingua::Conjunction->connector_type("or");

    # emits "Jack... Jill... or Spot"
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack', 'Jill', 'Spot');

The separator_phrase is used whenever the separator already appears in an item of the list. For example:

    # emits "Doe, a deer; Ray; and Me"
    $name_list = conjunction('Doe, a deer', 'Ray', 'Me');

You may use the penultimate routine to diable the separator after the next to last item. Generally this is bad English practice but the option is there if you want it:

    # emits "Jack, Jill and Spot"
    Lingua::Conjunction->penultimate(0);
    $name_list = conjunction('Jack', 'Jill', 'Spot');

I have been told that the penultimate comma is not standard for some languages, such as Norwegian. Hence the defaults set in the %languages.

SEE ALSO

Locale::Language

The Perl Cookbook in Section 4.2 has a simular subroutine called commify_series. The difference is that 1. this routine handles multiple languages and 2. being a module, you do not have to add the subroutine to a script every time you need it.

SOURCE

The development version is on github at https://github.com/robrwo/Lingua-Conjunction and may be cloned from git://github.com/robrwo/Lingua-Conjunction.git

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website https://github.com/robrwo/Lingua-Conjunction/issues

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.

AUTHORS

  • Robert Rothenberg <rrwo@cpan.org>

  • Damian Conway <damian@conway.org>

CONTRIBUTOR

Mohammad S Anwar <mohammad.anwar@yahoo.com>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2018 by Robert Rothenberg.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The Artistic License 2.0 (GPL Compatible)