++ed by:
TEAM DBOOK

2 PAUSE users
1 non-PAUSE user.

Leon Timmermans

NAME

Linux::Epoll - O(1) multiplexing for Linux

VERSION

version 0.016

SYNOPSIS

 use Linux::Epoll;

 my $epoll = Linux::Epoll->new();
 $epoll->add($fh, 'in', sub {
     my $events = shift;
     do_something($fh) if $events->{in};
 });
 $epoll->wait while 1;

DESCRIPTION

Epoll is a multiplexing mechanism that scales up O(1) with number of watched files. Linux::Epoll is a callback style epoll module, unlike other epoll modules available on CPAN.

Types of events

  • in

    The associated filehandle is availible for reading.

  • out

    The associated filehandle is availible for writing.

  • err

    An error condition has happened on the associated filehandle. wait will always wait on this event, it is not necessary to set this with add or modify.

  • prio

    There is urgent data available for reading.

  • et

    Set edge triggered behavior for the associated filehandle. The default behavior is level triggered. See you epoll(7) documentation for more information on what this means.

    Take note that when using edge triggered events, exceptions out of the wait can easily cause events to be lost (when consuming to more than one event at a time).

  • hup

    A hang-up has happened on the associated filehandle. wait will always wait on this event, it is not necessary to set this with add or modify.

  • rdhup

    Stream socket peer closed the connection, or shut down the writing half of connection. This flag is especially useful for writing simple code to detect peer shutdown when using Edge Triggered monitoring.

  • oneshot

    Sets the one-shot behavior for the associated file descriptor. This means that after an event is pulled out with wait the associated file descriptor is internally disabled and no other events will be reported by the epoll interface. The user must call modify to rearm the file descriptor with a new event mask.

  • wakeup

    If oneshot and et are clear and the process has the CAP_BLOCK_SUSPEND capability, ensure that the system does not enter "suspend" or "hibernate" while this event is pending or being processed. The event is considered as being "processed" from the time when it is returned by a call to epoll_wait(2) until the next call to epoll_wait(2) on the same epoll(7) file descriptor, the closure of that file descriptor, the removal of the event file descriptor with EPOLL_CTL_DEL, or the clearing of EPOLLWAKEUP for the event file descriptor with EPOLL_CTL_MOD.

  • exclusive

    Sets an exclusive wakeup mode for the epoll file descriptor that is being attached to the target file descriptor, fd. When a wakeup event occurs and multiple epoll file descriptors are attached to the same target file using exclusive, one or more of the epoll file descriptors will receive an event with wait(). The default in this scenario (when exclusive is not set) is for all epoll file descriptors to receive an event. exclusive is thus useful for avoiding thundering herd problems in certain scenarios.

    If the same file descriptor is in multiple epoll instances, some with the exclusive flag, and others without, then events will be provided to all epoll instances that did not specify exclusive, and at least one of the epoll instances that did specify exclusive.

    The following values may be specified in conjunction with exclusive: in, out, wakeup, and et. hup and err can also be specified, but this is not required: as usual, these events are always reported if they occur, regardless of whether they are specified in events. Attempts to specify other values in events yield an error. exclusive may be used only in an add() operation; attempts to employ it with modify yield an error. If exclusive has been set using add(), then a subsequent modify() on the same epfd, fd pair yields an error. A call to add( that specifies exclusive in events and specifies the target file descriptor fd as an epoll instance will likewise fail. The error in all of these cases is EINVAL.

METHODS

new()

Create a new epoll instance.

add($fh, $events, $callback)

Register the filehandle with the epoll instance and associate events $events and callback $callback with it. $events may be either a string (e.g. 'in') or an arrayref (e.g. [qw/in out hup/]). If a filehandle already exists in the set and add is called in non-void context, it returns undef and sets $! to EEXIST; if the file can't be waited upon it sets $! to EPERM instead. On all other error conditions an exception is thrown. The callback gets a single argument, a hashref whose keys are the triggered events.

modify($fh, $events, $callback)

Change the events and callback associated on this epoll instance with filehandle $fh. The arguments work the same as with add. If a filehandle doesn't exist in the set and modify is called in non-void context, it returns undef and sets $! to ENOENT. On all other error conditions an exception is thrown.

delete($fh)

Remove a filehandle from the epoll instance. If a filehandle doesn't exist in the set and delete is called in non-void context, it returns undef and sets $! to ENOENT. On all other error conditions an exception is thrown.

wait($number = 1, $timeout = undef, $sigmask = undef)

Wait for up to $number events, where $number must be greater than zero. $timeout is the maximal time wait will wait for events in fractional seconds. If it is undefined it may wait indefinitely. $sigmask is the signal mask during the call. If it is not defined the signal mask will be untouched. If interrupted by a signal it returns undef/an empty list and sets $! to EINTR. On all other error conditions an exception is thrown.

REQUIREMENTS

This module requires at least Perl 5.10 and Linux 2.6.19 to function correctly.

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

Leon Timmermans <leont@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2010 by Leon Timmermans.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.