++ed by:
LXP ABRAXXA SALVA JONASS LUKAST

24 PAUSE users
12 non-PAUSE users.

David Golden
and 4 contributors

NAME

Log::Any::Adapter - Tell Log::Any where to send its logs

VERSION

version 1.038

SYNOPSIS

    # Log to a file, or stdout, or stderr for all categories
    #
    use Log::Any::Adapter ('File', '/path/to/file.log');
    use Log::Any::Adapter ('Stdout');
    use Log::Any::Adapter ('Stderr');

    # Use Log::Log4perl for all categories
    #
    Log::Log4perl::init('/etc/log4perl.conf');
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('Log4perl');

    # Use Log::Dispatch for Foo::Baz
    #
    use Log::Dispatch;
    my $log = Log::Dispatch->new(outputs => [[ ... ]]);
    Log::Any::Adapter->set( { category => 'Foo::Baz' },
        'Dispatch', dispatcher => $log );

    # Use Log::Dispatch::Config for Foo::Baz and its subcategories
    #
    use Log::Dispatch::Config;
    Log::Dispatch::Config->configure('/path/to/log.conf');
    Log::Any::Adapter->set(
        { category => qr/^Foo::Baz/ },
        'Dispatch', dispatcher => Log::Dispatch::Config->instance() );

    # Use your own adapter for all categories
    #
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('+My::Log::Any::Adapter', ...);

DESCRIPTION

Log::Any::Adapter connects log producers and log consumers. Its methods instantiate a logging adapter (a subclass of Log::Any::Adapter::Base) and route log messages from one or more categories to it.

NAME

Log::Any::Adapter - Tell Log::Any where to send its logs

VERSION

version 1.038

ADAPTERS

In order to use a logging mechanism with Log::Any, there needs to be an adapter class for it. Typically this is named Log::Any::Adapter::something.

Adapters in this distribution

Three basic adapters come with this distribution -- Log::Any::Adapter::File, Log::Any::Adapter::Stdout and Log::Any::Adapter::Stderr:

    use Log::Any::Adapter ('File', '/path/to/file.log');
    use Log::Any::Adapter ('Stdout');
    use Log::Any::Adapter ('Stderr');

    # or

    use Log::Any::Adapter;
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('File', '/path/to/file.log');
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('Stdout');
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('Stderr');

All of them simply output the message and newline to the specified destination; a datestamp prefix is added in the File case. For anything more complex you'll want to use a more robust adapter from CPAN.

Adapters on CPAN

A sampling of adapters available on CPAN as of this writing:

You may find other adapters on CPAN by searching for "Log::Any::Adapter", or create your own adapter. See Log::Any::Adapter::Development for more information on the latter.

SETTING AND REMOVING ADAPTERS

Log::Any::Adapter->set ([options, ]adapter_name, adapter_params...)

This method sets the adapter to use for all log categories, or for a particular set of categories.

adapter_name is the name of an adapter. It is automatically prepended with "Log::Any::Adapter::". If instead you want to pass the full name of an adapter, prefix it with a "+". e.g.

    # Use My::Adapter class
    Log::Any::Adapter->set('+My::Adapter', arg => $value);

adapter_params are passed along to the adapter constructor. See the documentation for the individual adapter classes for more information.

An optional hash of options may be passed as the first argument. Options are:

category

A string containing a category name, or a regex (created with qr//) matching multiple categories. If not specified, all categories will be routed to the adapter.

lexically

A reference to a lexical variable. When the variable goes out of scope, the adapter setting will be removed. e.g.

    {
        Log::Any::Adapter->set({lexically => \my $lex}, ...);

        # in effect here
        ...
    }
    # no longer in effect here

set returns an entry object, which can be passed to remove. If you call set repeatedly without calling remove you will leak memory. For most programs that set an adapter once until the end of the program, this shouldn't matter.

use Log::Any::Adapter (...)

If you pass arguments to use Log::Any::Adapter, it calls Log::Any::Adapter->set with those arguments.

Log::Any::Adapter->remove (entry)

Remove an entry previously returned by set.

USING MORE THAN ONE ADAPTER

Log::Any maintains a stack of entries created via set. If you call set repeatedly, you will leak memory unless you do one of the following:

  • call remove on the adapter returned from set when you are done with it

  • use the lexically feature to set a guard variable that will clean it up when it goes out of scope

When getting a logger for a particular category, Log::Any will work its way down the stack and use the first matching entry.

Whenever the stack changes, any Log::Any loggers that have previously been created will automatically adjust to the new stack. For example:

    my $log = Log::Any->get_logger();
    $log->error("aiggh!");   # this goes nowhere
    ...
    {
        Log::Any::Adapter->set({ lexically => \my $lex }, 'Log4perl');
        $log->error("aiggh!");   # this goes to log4perl
        ...
    }
    $log->error("aiggh!");   # this goes nowhere again

SEE ALSO

Log::Any

AUTHORS

  • Jonathan Swartz <swartz@pobox.com>

  • David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Jonathan Swartz and David Golden.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

AUTHORS

  • Jonathan Swartz <swartz@pobox.com>

  • David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Jonathan Swartz and David Golden.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.