- Configuration File Cookbook
- SEE ALSO
Log::Log4perl::Config - Log4perl configuration file syntax
Log::Log4perl, configuration files are used to describe how the system's loggers ought to behave.
The format is the same as the one as used for
log4j, just with a few perl-specific extensions, like enabling the
Bar::Twix syntax instead of insisting on the Java-specific
Comment lines and blank lines (all whitespace or empty) are ignored.
Comment lines may start with arbitrary whitespace followed by one of:
- # - Common comment delimiter
- ! - Java .properties file comment delimiter accepted by log4j
- ; - Common .ini file comment delimiter
Comments at the end of a line are not supported. So if you write
log4perl.appender.A1.filename=error.log #in current dir
you will find your messages in a file called
error.log #in current dir.
Also, blanks between syntactical entities are ignored, it doesn't matter if you write
log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = WARN, Screen
Log::Log4perl will strip the blanks while parsing your input.
Assignments need to be on a single line. However, you can break the line if you want to by using a continuation character at the end of the line. Instead of writing
you can break the line at any point by putting a backslash at the very (!) end of the line to be continued:
Watch out for trailing blanks after the backslash, which would prevent the line from being properly concatenated.
Loggers are addressed by category:
log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = WARN, Screen
This sets all loggers under the
Bar::Twix hierarchy on priority
WARN and attaches a later-to-be-defined
Screen appender to them. Settings for the root appender (which doesn't have a name) can be accomplished by simply omitting the name:
log4perl.logger = FATAL, Database, Mailer
This sets the root appender's level to
FATAL and also attaches the later-to-be-defined appenders
Mailer to it.
The additivity flag of a logger is set or cleared via the
log4perl.additivity.Bar.Twix = 0|1
(Note the reversed order of keyword and logger name, resulting from the dilemma that a logger name could end in
.additivity according to the log4j documentation).
Appenders and Layouts
Appender names used in Log4perl configuration file lines need to be resolved later on, in order to define the appender's properties and its layout. To specify properties of an appender, just use the
appender keyword after the
log4perl intro and the appender's name:
# The Bar::Twix logger and its appender log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = DEBUG, A1 log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Log4perl::Appender::File log4perl.appender.A1.filename=test.log log4perl.appender.A1.mode=append log4perl.appender.A1.layout=Log::Log4perl::Layout::SimpleLayout
This sets a priority of
DEBUG for loggers in the
Bar::Twix hierarchy and assigns the
A1 appender to it, which is later on resolved to be an appender of type
Log::Log4perl::Appender::File, simply appending to a log file. According to the
Log::Log4perl::Appender::File manpage, the
filename parameter specifies the name of the log file and the
mode parameter can be set to
write (the former will append to the logfile if one with the specified name already exists while the latter would clobber and overwrite it).
The order of the entries in the configuration file is not important,
Log::Log4perl will read in the entire file first and try to make sense of the lines after it knows the entire context.
You can very well define all loggers first and then their appenders (you could even define your appenders first and then your loggers, but let's not go there):
log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = DEBUG, A1 log4perl.logger.Bar.Snickers = FATAL, A2 log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Log4perl::Appender::File log4perl.appender.A1.filename=test.log log4perl.appender.A1.mode=append log4perl.appender.A1.layout=Log::Log4perl::Layout::SimpleLayout log4perl.appender.A2=Log::Log4perl::Appender::Screen log4perl.appender.A2.stderr=0 log4perl.appender.A2.layout=Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout log4perl.appender.A2.layout.ConversionPattern = %d %m %n
Note that you have to specify the full path to the layout class and that
ConversionPattern is the keyword to specify the printf-style formatting instructions.
Configuration File Cookbook
Here's some examples of often-used Log4perl configuration files:
Append to STDERR
log4perl.category.Bar.Twix = WARN, Screen log4perl.appender.Screen = Log::Log4perl::Appender::Screen log4perl.appender.Screen.layout = \ Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout log4perl.appender.Screen.layout.ConversionPattern = %d %m %n
Append to STDOUT
log4perl.category.Bar.Twix = WARN, Screen log4perl.appender.Screen = Log::Log4perl::Appender::Screen log4perl.appender.Screen.stderr = 0 log4perl.appender.Screen.layout = \ Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout log4perl.appender.Screen.layout.ConversionPattern = %d %m %n
Append to a log file
log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = DEBUG, A1 log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Log4perl::Appender::File log4perl.appender.A1.filename=test.log log4perl.appender.A1.mode=append log4perl.appender.A1.layout = \ Log::Log4perl::Layout::PatternLayout log4perl.appender.A1.layout.ConversionPattern = %d %m %n
Note that you could even leave out
and still have the logger append to the logfile by default, although the
Log::Log4perl::Appender::File module does exactly the opposite. This is due to some nasty trickery
Log::Log4perl performs behind the scenes to make sure that beginner's CGI applications don't clobber the log file every time they're called.
Write a log file from scratch
If you loathe the Log::Log4perl's append-by-default strategy, you can certainly override it:
log4perl.logger.Bar.Twix = DEBUG, A1 log4perl.appender.A1=Log::Log4perl::Appender::File log4perl.appender.A1.filename=test.log log4perl.appender.A1.mode=write log4perl.appender.A1.layout=Log::Log4perl::Layout::SimpleLayout
write is the
mode that has
Log::Log4perl::Appender::File explicitly clobber the log file if it exists.
Configuration files encoded in utf-8
If your configuration file is encoded in utf-8 (which matters if you e.g. specify utf8-encoded appender filenames in it), then you need to tell Log4perl before running init():
use Log::Log4perl::Config; Log::Log4perl::Config->utf( 1 ); Log::Log4perl->init( ... );
This makes sure Log4perl interprets utf8-encoded config files correctly. This setting might become the default at some point.
Log::Log4perl::Config::LDAPConfigurator (coming soon!)
Copyright 2002-2013 by Mike Schilli <firstname.lastname@example.org> and Kevin Goess <email@example.com>.
This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.
Please contribute patches to the project on Github:
Send bug reports or requests for enhancements to the authors via our
MAILING LIST (questions, bug reports, suggestions/patches): firstname.lastname@example.org
Authors (please contact them via the list above, not directly): Mike Schilli <email@example.com>, Kevin Goess <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Contributors (in alphabetical order): Ateeq Altaf, Cory Bennett, Jens Berthold, Jeremy Bopp, Hutton Davidson, Chris R. Donnelly, Matisse Enzer, Hugh Esco, Anthony Foiani, James FitzGibbon, Carl Franks, Dennis Gregorovic, Andy Grundman, Paul Harrington, Alexander Hartmaier David Hull, Robert Jacobson, Jason Kohles, Jeff Macdonald, Markus Peter, Brett Rann, Peter Rabbitson, Erik Selberg, Aaron Straup Cope, Lars Thegler, David Viner, Mac Yang.