NAME

Log::Logger - OO interface to user defined logfile

SYNOPSIS

    use Log::Logger;

    $lh = new Log::Logger;
    $lh->open("/tmp/mylog");
    $lh->log("Log this string");
    $lh->close();

    $lh = new Log::Logger "/tmp/mylog";
    $lh->log_print("Log and print this string");
    $lh->close();

    $lh = new Log::Logger;
    $lh->open_append("/tmp/mylog");
    $lh->log("Append this string");
    $lh->fail("Append this string and die");
    # Can't close $lh, because fail exits...

DESCRIPTION

Whenever writing scripts for system management, I always find myself wishing to keep a log of what I have done. But typing

    print LOGHANDLE $progname . ": " . $stringToLog . "\n";

every time gets really old. Similarly, die() does not have the facility to print to a logfile as it exits.

A long time ago, I wrote two functions, log() and fail(), to handle this problem. I cut and pasted them everywhere. But now that Perl does modules for object reuse, I have ported them to a module and added features.

Log::Logger is esentially a wrapper around an IO::File object. The open and open_append functions just call IO::File->open() with the appropriate arguments. The useful functionality is in the log(), log_print(), and fail() methods. These methods make logging what you are doing -- and printing to the user, if you like -- one line of code. eg:

    # Old way
    print STDOUT "$progName: Running /var/clean script...\n";
    print LOGHANDLE "$progName: Running /var/clean script...\n";

    # Log::Logger way
    $lh->log_print("Running /var/clean script...");

And if you wish to log things, but also keep neat die() expressions, you can. eg:

    # Old way no logging
    system("foo") == 0 or die "Call to foo failed"

    # Old way, hackneyed logging
    system("foo") == 0 or do {
       print LOGHANDLE, "Call to foo failed";
       die "Call to foo failed";
    }

    # Log::Logger way
    system("foo") == 0 or $lh->fail("Call to foo failed");

Obviously, this is not a huge difference, but in a utility where you keep track of a lot of operations, it just is easier, and saves a little bit of typing. Remember, one of the fundamental qualities of a programmer is Laziness (see the Camel book).

CONSTRUCTOR

new ([ FILENAME [, APPEND ] ])

Crates a new Log::Logger. If it recieves an argument, that argument is assumed to be a filename and the Log::Logger object attempts to open the file for write. If a second argument is passed and it evaluates to TRUE, the file is opened for append.

METHODS

open ( FILENAME )

Opens FILENAME for writing. If this Log::Logger object already had a logfile open, that file will be closed before the new file is opened.

Returns FALSE on failure.

open_append ( FILENAME )

Opens FILENAME for append. If this Log::Logger object already had a logfile open, that file will be closed before the new file is opened.

close ()

Closes the logfile.

log ( STRING )

Writes STRING to the logfile. If there is no logfile open, does nothing, and does it quietly.

log_print ( STRING )

Writes STRING to the logfile, printing it on STDOUT also. If there is no logfile open, it just prints to STDOUT.

fail ( STRING [, RETCODE ] )

Writes STRING to the logfile, printing it on STDOUT also. It then calls exit() to exit the program. If RETCODE is supplied, it exits with that return code. Otherwise, it exits with a return code of 1. If no logfile is open, it prints to STDOUT only, and exits.

BUGS

None that I know of, except maybe this documentation. Probably should have an error checking return for <new()> with arguments like there is on open() and open_append().

AUTHOR

Joel Becker jlbec@ocala.cs.miami.edu

Copyright (c) 1998 Joel Becker. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

VERSION

Version 1.01 (8 April 1998)

HISTORY

Version 1.01

Documentation fixes. Man, I thought it was clean. Oops.

Version 1.00

Turned my log() and fail() subroutines into a proper Perl module (this one). Much better than cut-and-paste.

SEE ALSO

IO::File(3)