Johann Rolschewski
and 2 contributors

NAME

MARC::Schema - Specification of the MARC21 format

SYNOPSIS

    # in Perl
    use MARC::Schema;

    my $record = {
        _id    => 'fol05865967',
        record => [
            [ 'LDR', undef, undef, '_', '00661nam  22002538a 4500' ],
            [ '001', undef, undef, '_', 'fol05865967' ],
            [ '001', undef, undef, '_', 'field is not repeatable' ],
            [   '245', '1', '0', 'a', 'Programming Perl /',
                'c', 'Larry Wall, Tom Christiansen & Jon Orwant.',
                'a', 'subfield is not repeatable',
                'x', 'unknown subfield',
            ],
            [ '999', undef, undef, '_', 'not a standard field']
        ]
    };

    # load default schema
    my $schema = MARC::Schema->new();

    # load custom schema from file
    my $schema = MARC::Schema->new({ file => share/marc-schema.json });


    # load custom schema
    my $schema = MARC::Schema->new(
        {   fields => {
                '001' => { label => 'Control Number', repetable => 0 }
            }
        }
    );
    my @check = $schema->check($record);

    # via the command line
    $ marcvalidate t/camel.mrc
    $ marcvalidate --schema marc_schema.json t/camel.mrc
    $ marcvalidate --type XML marc.xml

DESCRIPTION

MARC::Schema defines a set of MARC21 fields and subfields to validate Catmandu::MARC records. A schema is given as hash reference such as:

    {   fields => {
            LDR => {
                positions =>
                    [ { position => '00-04', label => 'Record length' } ],
                repeatable => 0,
            },
            '001' => { label => 'Control Number', repeatable => 0 }
        }
    }

For a more detailed description of the (default) schema see MARC21 structure in JSON.

METHODS

check( $record [, %options ] )

Check whether a given "Catmandu::Importer::MARC" or "MARC::Parser::*" record confirms to the schema and return a list of detected violations. Possible options include:

ignore_unknown_fields

Don't report fields not included in the schema.

ignore_unknown_subfields

Don't report subfields not included in the schema.

Errors are given as list of hash references with keys error, tag, type and value of the violated field. error contains a human-readable error message for each violated field and/or subfield.

check_field( $field [, %options ] )

Check whether a MARC21 field confirms to the schema. Use same options as method check.

AUTHOR

Johann Rolschewski <jorol@cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

Patrick Hochstenbach <patrick.hochstenbach@ugent.be<gt>

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2018- Johann Rolschewski

LICENSE

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO

Catmandu::Validator

JSON::Schema

PICA::Schema

MARC::Lint

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

MARC::Schema uses the MARC21 schema developed by Péter Király as default. For more information see "Metadata assessment for MARC records" and "MARC21 structure in JSON".