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Math::Geometry::Multidimensional - geometrical functions in n-dimensions
This module has a bunch of functions that work in mulitiple dimensions, e.g. distance of a point from a line in n-dimensions.
use Math::Geometry::Multidimensional qw/distanceToLineN/; # parametric: my $distance = distanceToLineN($point, $gradients, $intersect); # symmetric: my $distance = distanceToLineP($point, $denominators, $constants);
We have a line with symmetric form:
(x+a)/m = (y+b)/n = (z+c)/p ...
@M is the list of denominators and @C is the list of constants.
For a point $P,
returns the distance to the closest point on the line... in n-dimensions.
This is the distance along the y=z=x=... line from any point to the origin. First we find the closest point on y=z=x=... from our point, which happens to be the average of the coordinates, e.g. if the point is (10,8) then the closest point on y=z is 9,9. If the point is (9,8,4) then the closest point on z=y=x is (7,7,7). If the point is (2,3,4,7) then the closest point on z=y=x=w is (4,4,4,4). Why?
For P(u,v,w) and L: (x+a)/k = (y+b)/l = (z+c)/m = t
we know that x=kt-a ; y=lt-b ; z=my-c
so k(kt-a) + l(lt-b) + m(mt-c) = kkt-ka + llt-lb + mmt-mc = ku+lv+mw OR t(kk+ll+mm) = k(u+a)+l(v+b)+m(w+c) so t = (k(u+a)+l(v+b)+m(w+c)) / (kk+ll+mm)
BUT, if a=b=c=0 and k=l=m=1, then:
t = (x+y+z)/(3)
in general, t is the average of the coordinates.
then, x' = kt-a, and if k is 1 and a is 0, then x' is t.
P' is (t,t,t) so the distance to P' from the origin is sqrt(3 t^2) or sqrt( 3 * ((x+y+z)/3)^2) or sqrt( 3 * (x+y+z)^2 / 9 ) or sqrt( (x+y+z)^2 / 3) or (x+y+z)/sqrt(3) or SUM(coords)/sqrt(n)
Does that make sense?
Acts on columns rather than an individual point... give it column number, row number and list of columns.
my $arrayref = diagonalDistancesFromOriginN ($k,$n,@cols)
Here, we are basically rotating all the data so that the "y-axis" or whatever you want to call the left-most co-ordinate now lies diagonally through the data.
As above, we know that the point P' on the diagonal closest to our point P has the average coordinates of point P. And the distance PP' (x-x', y-y', z-z') is the root of the sum of the squares. So
so, if x' = t, which is (x+y+z)/3 ...
PP' = sqrt( (x - x/3 - y/3 - z/3)^2 + (y - x/3 - y/3 - z/3)^2 + (z + x/3 + y/3 + z/3)^2 )
= sqrt( x^2 (2/3) + y^2 (2/3) + z^2 (2/3) + 2xy + 2xz + 2yz )
this is not implemented yet.
<jimi at webu.co.uk>
Please report any bugs or feature requests to
bug-math-geometry-multidimensional at rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Math-Geometry-Multidimensional. I will be notified, and then you'll automatically be notified of progress on your bug as I make changes.
You can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.
You can also look for information at:
RT: CPAN's request tracker (report bugs here)
AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation
Copyright 2013 Jimi Wills.
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