Math::Random::MT - The Mersenne Twister PRNG
## Object-oriented interface:
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new() # or...
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new($seed); # or...
$gen = Math::Random::MT->new(@seeds);
$seed = $gen->get_seed(); # seed used to generate the random numbers
$rand = $gen->rand(42); # random number in the interval [0, 42)
$dice = int($gen->rand(6)+1); # random integer between 1 and 6
$coin = $gen->rand() < 0.5 ? # flip a coin
"heads" : "tails"
$int = $gen->irand(); # random integer in [0, 2^32-1]
## Function-oriented interface:
use Math::Random::MT qw(srand rand irand);
# now use srand() and rand() as you usually do in Perl
The Mersenne Twister is a pseudorandom number generator developed by Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura. It is described in their paper at <URL:http://www.math.keio.ac.jp/~nisimura/random/doc/mt.ps>. This algorithm has a very uniform distribution and is good for modelling purposes but do not use it for cryptography.
This module implements two interfaces:
Creates a new generator that is automatically seeded based on gettimeofday.
Creates a new generator seeded with an unsigned 32-bit integer.
Creates a new generator seeded with an array of (up to 624) unsigned 32-bit integers.
Seeds the generator and returns the seed used. It takes the same arguments as new().
Retrieves the value of the seed used.
Behaves exactly like Perl's builtin rand(), returning a number uniformly distributed in [0, $num) ($num defaults to 1).
Returns a 32-bit integer, i.e. an integer uniformly distributed in [0, 2^32-1].
Behaves just like Perl's builtin srand(). As in Perl >= 5.14, the seed is returned. If you use this interface, it is strongly recommended that you call srand() explicitly, rather than relying on rand() to call it the first time it is used.
For giving me the idea to write this module.
For several useful patches.
For implementing seed generation and retrieval.
Abhijit Menon-Sen <email@example.com>
Copyright 2001 Abhijit Menon-Sen. All rights reserved.
Based on the C implementation of MT19937 Copyright (C) 1997 - 2002, Makoto Matsumoto and Takuji Nishimura
This software is distributed under a (three-clause) BSD-style license. See the LICENSE file in the distribution for details.
To install Math::Random::MT, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.