++ed by:
1 non-PAUSE user
Author image Brad Haywood


Module::Modular - Create optional plugins for your module


Module::Modular allows you, or others, to create plugins for your modules. They are not loaded by default - only when you want them to be. This means you can even load them further on down in your module if you wish. The idea is to have your plugins handle certain tasks you don't want cluttering the core code of your module. I started writing this before I came across another plugin module called Module::Pluggable. So if you like how that one works better, or even prefer the name (I do), then go check it out. This one is different in the sense you explicitly tell your module what plugins to load, and each plugin may have an initialiser (__init) that will get run once it has been loaded, which I found pretty neat. This module is modular itself. By importing with followed by an array of options you can extend the functionality of Module::Modular. Currently just the one option is available (Accessors) which provides methods for accessing meta data of your plugins. A plugin can only be loaded if it's within the same namespace and within your path (ie: YourModule::Plugin::*)


    # MyModule.pm
    package MyModule;

    use Module::Modular;
    load_plugins qw<Foo Bar>;
    sub load_another_plugin {
        load_plugins 'DifferentOne';

    # MyModule::Plugin::Foo
    package MyModule::Plugin::Foo;

    sub __init {
        my ($class, $name) = @_;
        # $class = MyModule::Plugin::Foo
        # $name  = Foo

        # some code here to be run when loaded

    sub foo {
        print "You have been foo'd!\n";

Now, when you use MyModule, the Foo plugin will get loaded and run __init from MyModule::Plugin::Foo. Simple. The initialiser is completely optional. It's quite simple to get a list of plugins, or you can get hold of a single plugin to do stuff with.

    # Run the foo() method within the Foo plugin
    my $foo_plugin = $module->plugin('Foo')->foo();

Calling the plugins method will return an array of your loaded plugins. Each one will be blessed, so you have objects to work with which makes things easier.

    # call the foo() method on every loaded plugin
    for my $plugin ($module->plugins) {


Module::Modular exports only a few functions into your module. They are...


  void load_plugins(@list)

Takes an array of plugins (Not their entire path, just the name of the plugin. For example, if I wanted to load MyModule::Plugin::Foo I would only have to use load_plugins 'Foo'. If it can't load the module for any reason it will print out a warnings and move onto the next one if it's specified.


  @array plugins(void)

Returns an array of your loaded plugins. It will only register those introduced by load_plugins, just having one in the right namespace and loaded by any other means will do nothing.


  $object plugin(string)

Returns a blessed reference of a plugin (ie: The plugin object). You only need to supply the name, not the entire path. For example

    my $plugin = $module->plugin('Foo');


This is a plugin method (Called from a plugin only). It's a really simple method used to get the data of a specific global variable from the base module. After all, what's the point of a plugin if you have absolutely no way to share data, right?

    # MyModule.pm
    package MyModule;

    use Module::Modular;

    our $PluginStash = { bees => 'knees' };
    load_plugins 'Bees';

    # MyModule::Plugin::Bees
    package MyModule::Plugin::Bees;

    sub __init {
        my ($self, $name) = @_;
        print "The $name have " . $self->stash('bees');

It's not overly useful, secure, or remotely interesting, but if you need a quick and dirty way to get some data to your plugins, it works. I am trying to find a neater solution..


When you use Module::Modular you can pass a key called with as an arrayref of options or just a string for a single option.


Implements specific accessors to access the meta data of a plugin

    # MyModule.pm
    use Module::Modular
        with => 'Accessors';

    load_plugins qw<Foo Bar>;

    # test.pl
    for my $plugin ($module->plugins) {
        say "Name: " . $plugin->name;
        say "Version: " . $plugin->version;


Will not allow you to get a plugin object directly from outside the core modules scope

    # MyModule.pm
    use Module::Modular
        with => [qw<Accessors Strict>];

    load_plugins 'Foo';
    sub get_plugin { my $self = shift; return $self->plugin('Foo'); }

    # test.pl
    my $c = MyModule->new;
    $c->plugin('Foo')->foo(); # fails
    my $plugin = $c->get_plugin(); # works, because it went through the core module first


Brad Haywood <brad@perlpowered.com>


This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.