++ed by:

1 PAUSE user

Daniel Alberto Mantovani
and 3 contributors


Mojolicious::Plugin::Cron - a Cron-like helper for Mojolicious and Mojolicious::Lite projects


  # Execute some job every 5 minutes, from 9 to 5

  # Mojolicious::Lite

  plugin Cron( '*/5 9-17 * * *' => sub {
      # do someting non-blocking but useful

  # Mojolicious

  $self->plugin(Cron => '*/5 9-17 * * *' => sub {
      # same here

# More than one schedule, or more options requires extended syntax

  plugin Cron => (
  sched1 => {
    base    => 'utc', # not needed for local time
    crontab => '*/10 15 * * *', # every 10 minutes starting at minute 15, every hour
    code    => sub {
      # job 1 here
  sched2 => {
    crontab => '*/15 15 * * *', # every 15 minutes starting at minute 15, every hour
    code    => sub {
      # job 2 here


Mojolicious::Plugin::Cron is a Mojolicious plugin that allows to schedule tasks directly from inside a Mojolicious application.

You should not consider it as a *nix cron replacement, but as a method to make a proof of concept of a project. It helps also in the deployment phase because in the end it could mean less and simpler installation/removing tasks.

As an extension to regular cron, seconds are supported in the form of a sixth space separated field (For more information on cron syntax please see Algorithm::Cron).


When using preforked servers (as applications running with hypnotoad), some coordination is needed so jobs are not executed several times.

Mojolicious::Plugin::Cron uses standard Fcntl functions for that coordination, to assure a platform-independent behavior.

Please take a look in the examples section, for a simple Mojo Application that you can run on hypnotoad, try hot restarts, adding / removing workers, etc, and check that scheduled jobs execute without interruptions or duplications.


When using extended syntax, you can define more than one crontab line, and have access to more options

  plugin Cron => {key1 => {crontab line 1}, key2 => {crontab line 2}, ...};


Keys are the names that identify each crontab line. They are used to form a locking semaphore file to avoid multiple processes starting the same job.

You can use the same name in different Mojolicious applications that will run at the same time. This will ensure that not more that one instance of the cron job will take place at a specific scheduled time.

Crontab lines

Each crontab line consists of a hash with the following keys:

base => STRING

Gives the time base used for scheduling. Either utc or local (default local).

crontab => STRING

Gives the crontab schedule in 5 or 6 space-separated fields.

sec => STRING, min => STRING, ... mon => STRING

Optional. Gives the schedule in a set of individual fields, if the crontab field is not specified.

For more information on base, crontab and other time related keys, please refer to Algorithm::Cron Contstructor Attributes.

code => sub {...}

Mandatory. Is the code that will be executed whenever the crontab rule fires. Note that this code *MUST* be non-blocking.


Mojolicious::Plugin::Cron inherits all methods from Mojolicious::Plugin and implements the following new ones.


  $plugin->register(Mojolicious->new, {Cron => '* * * * *' => sub {}});

Register plugin in Mojolicious application.


To install in windows environments, you need to force-install module Test::Mock::Time, or installation tests will fail.


Daniel Mantovani, dmanto@cpan.org


Copyright 2018, Daniel Mantovani.

This library is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the Artistic License version 2.0.


Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, Mojolicious::Plugins, Algorithm::Cron