++ed by:
MHOWARD KAGE

2 PAUSE users
1 non-PAUSE user.

Kage
and 1 contributors

NAME

Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy - Mojolicious plugin to set the remote address, connection scheme, and more from trusted upstream proxies

VERSION

Version 0.04

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojolicious::Lite;

  plugin 'TrustedProxy' => {
    ip_headers      => ['x-forwarded-for', 'x-real-ip'],
    scheme_headers  => ['x-forwarded-proto', 'x-ssl'],
    https_values    => ['https', 'on', '1', 'true', 'enable', 'enabled'],
    parse_rfc7239   => 1,
    trusted_sources => ['127.0.0.0/8', '10.0.0.0/8'],
    hide_headers    => 0,
  };

  # Example of how you could verify expected functionality
  get '/test' => sub {
    my $c = shift;
    $c->render(json => {
      'tx.remote_address'            => $c->tx->remote_address,
      'tx.remote_proxy_address'      => $c->tx->remote_proxy_address,
      'req.url.base.scheme'          => $c->req->url->base->scheme,
      'req.url.base.host'            => $c->req->url->base->host,
      'is_trusted_source'            => $c->is_trusted_source,
      'is_trusted_source("1.1.1.1")' => $c->is_trusted_source('1.1.1.1'),
    });
  };

  app->start;

DESCRIPTION

Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy modifies every Mojolicious request transaction to override connecting user agent values only when the request comes from trusted upstream sources. You can specify multiple request headers where trusted upstream sources define the real user agent IP address or the real connection scheme, or disable either, and can hide the headers from the rest of the application if needed.

This plugin provides much of the same functionality as setting MOJO_REVERSE_PROXY=1, but with more granular control over what headers to use and what upstream sources can send them. This is especially useful if your Mojolicious app is directly exposed to the internet, or if it sits behind multiple upstream proxies. You should therefore ensure your application does not enable the default Mojolicious reverse proxy handler when using this plugin.

This plugin supports parsing RFC 7239 compliant Forwarded headers, validates all IP addresses, and will automatically convert RFC-4291 IPv4-to-IPv6 mapped values (useful for when your Mojolicious listens on both IP versions). Please be aware that Forwarded headers are only partially supported. More information is available in "BUGS".

Debug logging can be enabled by setting the MOJO_TRUSTEDPROXY_DEBUG environment variable. This plugin also adds a remote_proxy_address attribute into Mojo::Transaction. If a remote IP address override header is matched from a trusted upstream proxy, then tx->remote_proxy_address will be set to the IP address of that proxy.

CONFIG

ip_headers

List of zero, one, or many HTTP headers where the real user agent IP address will be defined by the trusted upstream sources. The first matched header is used. An empty value will disable this and keep the original scheme value. Default is ['x-forwarded-for', 'x-real-ip'].

If a header is matched in the request, then tx->remote_address is set to the value, and tx->remote_proxy_address is set to the IP address of the upstream source.

scheme_headers

List of zero, one, or many HTTP headers where the real user agent connection scheme will be defined by the trusted upstream sources. The first matched header is used. An empty value will disable this and keep the original remote address value. Default is ['x-forwarded-proto', 'x-ssl'].

This tests that the header value is "truthy" but does not contain the literal barewords http, off, or false. If the header contains any other "truthy" value, then req->url->base->scheme is set to https.

https_values

List of values to consider as "truthy" when evaluating the headers in "scheme_headers". Default is ['https', 'on', '1', 'true', 'enable', 'enabled'].

parse_rfc7239, parse_forwarded

Enable support for parsing RFC 7239 compliant Forwarded HTTP headers. Default is 1 (enabled).

If a Forwarded header is matched, the following actions occur with the first semicolon-delimited group of parameters found in the header value:

  • If the for parameter is found, then tx->remote_address is set to the first matching value.

  • If the by parameter is found, then tx->remote_proxy_address is set to the first matching value, otherwise it is set to the IP address of the upstream source.

  • If the proto parameter is found, then req->url->base->scheme is set to the first matching value.

  • If the host parameter is found, then req->url->base->host is set to the first matching value.

Note! If enabled, the headers defined in "ip_headers" and "scheme_headers" will be overridden by any corresponding values found in the Forwarded header.

trusted_sources

List of one or more IP addresses or CIDR classes that are trusted upstream sources. (Warning! An empty value will trust from all IPv4 sources!) Default is ['127.0.0.0/8', '10.0.0.0/8'].

Supports all IP, CIDR, and range definition types from Net::CIDR::Lite.

hide_headers

Hide all headers defined in "ip_headers", "scheme_headers", and Forwarded from the rest of the application when coming from trusted upstream sources. Default is 0 (disabled).

HELPERS

is_trusted_source

  # From Controller context
  sub get_page {
    my $c = shift;
    if ($c->is_trusted_source || $c->is_trusted_source('1.2.3.4')) {
      ...
    }
  }

Validate if an IP address is in the "trusted_sources" list. If no argument is provided, then this helper will first check tx->remote_proxy_address then tx->remote_address. Returns 1 if in the "trusted_sources" list, 0 if not, or undef if the IP address is invalid.

CDN AND CLOUD SUPPORT

Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy is compatible with assumedly all third-party content delivery networks and cloud providers. Below is an incomplete list of some of the most well-known providers and the recommended config values to use for them.

Akamai

ip_headers

Set "ip_headers" to ['true-client-ip'] (unless you set this to a different value) and enable True Client IP in the origin server behavior for your site property. Akamai also supports ['x-forwarded-for'], which is enabled by default in Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy.

scheme_headers

There is no known way to pass this by default with Akamai. It may be possible to pass a custom header via a combination of a Site Property variable and a custom behavior that injects an outgoing request header based on that variable, but this has not been tested or confirmed.

trusted_sources

This is only possible if you have the Site Shield product from Akamai. If so, set "trusted_sources" to the complete list of IPs provided in your Site Shield map.

AWS

ip_headers

The AWS Elastic Load Balancer uses ['x-forwarded-for'], which is enabled by default in Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy.

scheme_headers

The AWS Elastic Load Balancer uses ['x-forwarded-proto'], which is enabled by default in Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy.

trusted_sources

Depending on your setup, this could be one of the 172.x.x.x IP addresses or ranges within your Virtual Private Cloud, the IP address(es) of your Elastic or Application Load Balancer, or could be the public IP ranges for your AWS region. Go to https://docs.aws.amazon.com/general/latest/gr/aws-ip-ranges.html for an updated list of AWS's IPv4 and IPv6 CIDR ranges.

Cloudflare

ip_headers

Set "ip_headers" to ['cf-connecting-ip'], or ['true-client-ip'] if using an enterprise plan. Cloudflare also supports ['x-forwarded-for'], which is enabled by default in Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy.

scheme_headers

Cloudflare uses the x-forwarded-proto header, which is enabled by default in Mojolicious::Plugin::TrustedProxy.

trusted_sources

Go to https://www.cloudflare.com/ips/ for an updated list of Cloudflare's IPv4 and IPv6 CIDR ranges.

SECURITY

Caution should be taken that you set only the "CONFIG" values necessary for your application in a most-common-first order, and that your upstream proxies remove any headers you do not want passed through to your application.

For example, if you use Cloudflare and set "ip_headers" to ['x-real-ip', 'cf-connecting-ip'] and did not configure Cloudflare to remove x-real-ip headers from requests, an attacker could use this trick your application into using whatever IP he or she defines due to being passed through your trusted proxy and the x-real-ip header being the first to be evaluated.

AUTHOR

Kage <kage AT kage DOT wtf>

BUGS

Please report any bugs or feature requests on Github: https://github.com/Kage/Mojolicious-Plugin-TrustedProxy

Hostnames not supported

Excluding the host parameter of RFC 7239, this plugin does not currently support hostnames or hostname resolution and there are no plans to implement this. If you have a use case that requires this, please feel free to submit a pull request.

HTTP 'Forwarded' only partially supported

Only partial support for RFC 7239 is currently implemented, but this should work with most common use cases. The full specification allows for complex structures and quoting that is difficult to implement safely. Full RFC support is expected to be implemented soon.

SEE ALSO

Mojolicious::Plugin::RemoteAddr, Mojolicious::Plugin::ClientIP::Pluggable, Mojolicious, Mojolicious::Guides, http://mojolicio.us.

COPYRIGHT

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2019 Kage

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.