Michael Robinton

NAME

Net::DNS::Codes - collection of C library DNS codes

SYNOPSIS

  use Net::DNS::Codes qw(
        :header
        :RRs
        :constants
        :all
    (or any individual item)
  );

  --------- :header -------

  $textval = RBitsTxt->{masked_bits};
  $textval = RcodeTxt->{numeric};
  $textval = OpcodeTxt->{numeric};
  $code = (one of text below)

QR AA TC RD RA MBZ Z AD CD

BITS_QUERY BITS_IQUERY BITS_STATUS BITS_NS_NOTIFY_OP BITS_NS_UPDATE_OP

QUERY IQUERY STATUS NS_NOTIFY_OP NS_UPDATE_OP

NOERROR FORMERR SERVFAIL NXDOMAIN NOTIMP REFUSED YXDOMAIN YXRRSET NXRRSET NOTAUTH NOTZONE BADSIG BADKEY BADTIME

  for flag manipulation

RCODE_MASK BITS_OPCODE_MASK

  ------- :RRs -------

  $textval = ClassTxt->{numeric};  
  $textval = TypeTxt->{numeric};
  $code = (one of text below)

C_IN C_CHAOS C_HS C_NONE C_ANY

T_A T_NS T_MD T_MF T_CNAME T_SOA T_MB T_MG T_MR T_NULL T_WKS T_PTR T_HINFO T_MINFO T_MX T_TXT T_RP T_AFSDB T_X25 T_ISDN T_RT T_NSAP T_NSAP_PTR T_SIG T_KEY T_PX T_GPOS T_AAAA T_LOC T_NXT T_EID T_NIMLOC T_SRV T_ATMA T_NAPTR T_KX T_CERT T_A6 T_DNAME T_SINK T_OPT T_TKEY T_TSIG T_IXFR T_AXFR T_MAILB T_MAILA T_ANY

  ------- :constants -------
  $code = (one of test below)

PACKETSZ NS_PACKETSZ MAXDNAME NS_MAXDNAME MAXCDNAME NS_MAXCDNAME MAXLABEL NS_MAXLABEL HFIXEDSZ NS_HFIXEDSZ QFIXEDSZ NS_QFIXEDSZ RRFIXEDSZ NS_RRFIXEDSZ INT32SZ NS_INT32SZ INT16SZ NS_INT16SZ NS_INT8SZ INADDRSZ NS_INADDRSZ IN6ADDRSZ NS_IN6ADDRSZ INDIR_MASK NS_CMPRSFLGS NAMESERVER_PORT NS_DEFAULTPORT

  $code = INT8SZ (not a DNS code, added for convenience)

DESCRIPTION

Net::DNS::Codes provides forward and reverse lookup for most common C library DNS codes as well as all the codes for the DNS HEADER field.

  • $bitmask = XX

      Return the bitmask for the code:
    
       15 14 13 12 11 10  9  8  7  6  5  4  3  2  1  0
      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
      |QR|   Opcode  |AA|TC|RD|RA| Z|AD|CD|   Rcode   |
      +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
        0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 10 11 12 13 14 15
    
      QR            =>      1000_0000_0000_0000
      BitsOpcode    =>      Opcode binary value
                            left shifted 11 bits
      AA            =>      100_0000_0000
      TC            =>      10_0000_0000
      RD            =>      1_0000_0000
      RA            =>      1000_0000
      MBZ or Z      =>      100_0000
      AD            =>      10_0000
      CD            =>      1_0000
      Rcode         =>      Rcode binary value
    
      RCODE_MASK    =>      1111_1111_1111_0000
    
      where BitsOpcode =
    
      BITS_QUERY        =>      0, 
      BITS_IQUERY       =>      1000_0000_0000 # 1 << 11
      BITS_STATUS       =>    1_0000_0000_0000 # 2 << 11
      BITS_NS_NOTIFY_OP =>   10_0000_0000_0000 # 4 << 11
      BITS_NS_UPDATE_OP =>   10_1000_0000_0000 # 5 << 11
    
      BITS_OPCODE_MASK  => 1000_0111_1111_1111
  • $textval = RBitsTxt->{masked_bits};

    Returns the TEXT string for the bit fields above.

      NOTE: that MBZ and Z have the same value. 
      The text string 'MBZ' is returned for 0x1 << 6
  • $textval = RcodeTxt->{numeric};

      Return the TEXT string for numeric code.
    
            NOERROR         => 0,
            FORMERR         => 1,
            SERVFAIL        => 2,
            NXDOMAIN        => 3,
            NOTIMP          => 4,
            REFUSED         => 5,
            YXDOMAIN        => 6,
            YXRRSET         => 7,
            NXRRSET         => 8,
            NOTAUTH         => 9,
            NOTZONE         => 10,
            BADSIG          => 16,
            BADKEY          => 17,
            BADTIME         => 18,
  • $textval = OpcodeTxt->{numeric};

      Return the TEXT string for numeric code.
    
            QUERY           => 0,
            IQUERY          => 1,
            STATUS          => 2, 
            NS_NOTIFY_OP    => 4, 
            NS_UPDATE_OP    => 5,  
  • $textval = ClassTxt->{numeric};

      Return the TEXT string for numeric code.
    
            C_IN        => 1,
            C_CHAOS  => 3,
            C_HS        => 4,
            C_NONE    => 254,
            C_ANY      => 255,
  • $textval = TypeTxt->{numeric};

      Return the TEXT string for numeric code.
    
      T_A           => 1,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_NS          => 2,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_MD          => 3,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_MF          => 4,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_CNAME       => 5,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_SOA         => 6,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_MB          => 7,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_MG          => 8,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_MR          => 9,   # rfc1035.txt
      T_NULL        => 10,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_WKS         => 11,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_PTR         => 12,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_HINFO       => 13,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_MINFO       => 14,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_MX          => 15,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_TXT         => 16,  # rfc1035.txt
      T_RP          => 17,  # rfc1183.txt
      T_AFSDB       => 18,  # rfc1183.txt
      T_X25         => 19,  # rfc1183.txt
      T_ISDN        => 20,  # rfc1183.txt
      T_RT          => 21,  # rfc1183.txt
      T_NSAP        => 22,  # rfc1706.txt
      T_NSAP_PTR    => 23,  # rfc1348.txt
      T_SIG         => 24,  # rfc2535.txt
      T_KEY         => 25,  # rfc2535.txt
      T_PX          => 26,  # rfc2163.txt
      T_GPOS        => 27,  # rfc1712.txt
      T_AAAA        => 28,  # rfc1886.txt
      T_LOC         => 29,  # rfc1876.txt
      T_NXT         => 30,  # rfc2535.txt
      T_EID         => 31,  # draft-ietf-nimrod-dns-02.txt
      T_NIMLOC      => 32,  # draft-ietf-nimrod-dns-02.txt
      T_SRV         => 33,  # rfc2052.txt
      T_ATMA        => 34,  # af-saa-0069.000.txt
      T_NAPTR       => 35,  # rfc2168.txt
      T_KX          => 36,  # rfc2230.txt
      T_CERT        => 37,  # rfc2538.txt
      T_A6          => 38,  # rfc2874.txt
      T_DNAME       => 39,  # rfc2672.txt
      T_SINK        => 40,  # draft-ietf-dnsind-kitchen-sink-01.txt
      T_OPT         => 41,  # rfc2671.txt
      T_APL         => 42,  # rfc3123.txt
      T_DS          => 43,  # draft-ietf-dnsext-delegation-signer-15.txt
      T_SSHFP       => 44,  # rfc4255.txt
      T_IPSECKEY    => 45,  # rfc4025.txt
      T_RRSIG       => 46,  # rfc4034.txt
      T_NSEC        => 47,  # rfc4034.txt
      T_DNSKEY      => 48,  # rfc4034.txt
      T_DHCID       => 49,  # rfc4701.txt
      T_NSEC3       => 50,  # rfc5155.txt
      T_NSEC3PARAM  => 51,  # rfc5155.txt
            # unassigned 52 - 54
      T_HIP         => 55,  # rfc5205.txt
      T_NINFO       => 56,  # unknown
      T_RKEY        => 57,  # draft-reid-dnsext-rkey-00.txt
      T_ALINK       => 58,  # draft-ietf-dnsop-dnssec-trust-history-02.txt
      T_CDS         => 59,  # draft-barwood-dnsop-ds-publish-02.txt
            # unassigned 60 - 98
      T_UINFO       => 100, # reserved
      T_UID         => 101, # reserved
      T_GID         => 102, # reserved
      T_UNSPEC      => 103, # reserved
            # unassigned 104 - 248
      T_TKEY        => 249, # rfc2930.txt
      T_TSIG        => 250, # rfc2931.txt
      T_IXFR        => 251, # rfc1995.txt
      T_AXFR        => 252, # rfc1035.txt
      T_MAILB       => 253, # rfc973.txt
      T_MAILA       => 254, # rfc973.txt
      T_ANY         => 255, # rfc1886.txt
  • (various constants)

      PACKETSZ        NS_PACKETSZ     512
      MAXDNAME        NS_MAXDNAME     1025
      MAXCDNAME       NS_MAXCDNAME    255 
      MAXLABEL        NS_MAXLABEL     63  
      HFIXEDSZ        NS_HFIXEDSZ     12  
      QFIXEDSZ        NS_QFIXEDSZ     4   
      RRFIXEDSZ       NS_RRFIXEDSZ    10  
      INT32SZ         NS_INT32SZ      4   
      INT16SZ         NS_INT16SZ      2   
      INT8SZ          NS_INT8SZ       1   
      INADDRSZ        NS_INADDRSZ     4   
      IN6ADDRSZ       NS_IN6ADDRSZ    16  
      INDIR_MASK      NS_CMPRSFLGS    0xc0
      NAMESERVER_PORT NS_DEFAULTPORT  53  

INSTALLATION

To install this module, type:

        perl Makfile.PL
        make
        make test
        make install

EXPORT_OK

  ------- for tag :header -------

RBitsTxt RcodeTxt OpcodeTxt

QR AA TC RD RA MBZ Z AD CD

BITS_QUERY BITS_IQUERY BITS_STATUS BITS_NS_NOTIFY_OP BITS_NS_UPDATE_OP

QUERY IQUERY STATUS NS_NOTIFY_OP NS_UPDATE_OP

NOERROR FORMERR SERVFAIL NXDOMAIN NOTIMP REFUSED YXDOMAIN YXRRSET NXRRSET NOTAUTH NOTZONE BADSIG BADKEY BADTIME

BITS_OPCODE_MASK RCODE_MASK

  ------- for tag :RRs -------

  $textval = ClassTxt->{numeric};  
  $textval = TypeTxt->{numeric};
  $code = (one of text below)

C_IN C_CHAOS C_HS C_NONE C_ANY

T_A T_NS T_MD T_MF T_CNAME T_SOA T_MB T_MG T_MR T_NULL T_WKS T_PTR T_HINFO T_MINFO T_MX T_TXT T_RP T_AFSDB T_X25 T_ISDN T_RT T_NSAP T_NSAP_PTR T_SIG T_KEY T_PX T_GPOS T_AAAA T_LOC T_NXT T_EID T_NIMLOC T_SRV T_ATMA T_NAPTR T_KX T_CERT T_A6 T_DNAME T_SINK T_OPT T_APL T_DS T_SSHFP T_IPSECKEY T_RRSIG T_NSEC T_DNSKEY T_DHCID T_NSEC3 T_NSEC3PARAM T_HIP T_NINFO T_RKEY T_ALINK T_CDS T_UINFO T_UID T_GID T_UNSPEC T_TKEY T_TSIG T_IXFR T_AXFR T_MAILB T_MAILA T_ANY

  ------- for tag :constants -------

PACKETSZ NS_PACKETSZ MAXDNAME NS_MAXDNAME MAXCDNAME NS_MAXCDNAME MAXLABEL NS_MAXLABEL HFIXEDSZ NS_HFIXEDSZ QFIXEDSZ NS_QFIXEDSZ RRFIXEDSZ NS_RRFIXEDSZ INT32SZ NS_INT32SZ INT16SZ NS_INT16SZ NS_INT8SZ INADDRSZ NS_INADDRSZ IN6ADDRSZ NS_IN6ADDRSZ INDIR_MASK NS_CMPRSFLGS NAMESERVER_PORT NS_DEFAULTPORT INT8SZ

EXPORT_TAGS

        :header
        :RRs
        :constants
        :all

AUTHOR

Michael Robinton, michael@bizsystems.com

COPYRIGHT

Copyright 2003 - 2014, Michael Robinton & BizSystems This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.

SEE ALSO

perl(1), /usr/include/resolv.h /usr/include/arpa/nameser.h /usr/include/namser_compat.h