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RURBAN KEEDI JMATES FANY BINGOS

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NLnet Labs
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NAME

Net::DNS::Update - DNS dynamic update packet

SYNOPSIS

    use Net::DNS;

    $update = new Net::DNS::Update( 'example.com', 'IN' );

    $update->push( prereq => nxrrset('foo.example.com. A') );
    $update->push( update => rr_add('foo.example.com. 86400 A 192.168.1.2') );

DESCRIPTION

Net::DNS::Update is a subclass of Net::DNS::Packet, to be used for making DNS dynamic updates.

Programmers should refer to RFC2136 for dynamic update semantics.

METHODS

new

    $update = new Net::DNS::Update;
    $update = new Net::DNS::Update( 'example.com' );
    $update = new Net::DNS::Update( 'example.com', 'HS' );

Returns a Net::DNS::Update object suitable for performing a DNS dynamic update. Specifically, it creates a packet with the header opcode set to UPDATE and the zone record type to SOA (per RFC 2136, Section 2.3).

Programs must use the push() method to add RRs to the prerequisite, update, and additional sections before performing the update.

Arguments are the zone name and the class. If the zone is omitted, the default domain will be taken from the resolver configuration. If the class is omitted, it defaults to IN.

push

    $ancount = $update->push( prereq => $rr );
    $nscount = $update->push( update => $rr );
    $arcount = $update->push( additional => $rr );

    $nscount = $update->push( update => $rr1, $rr2, $rr3 );
    $nscount = $update->push( update => @rr );

Adds RRs to the specified section of the update packet.

Returns the number of resource records in the specified section.

Section names may be abbreviated to the first three characters.

unique_push

    $ancount = $update->unique_push( prereq => $rr );
    $nscount = $update->unique_push( update => $rr );
    $arcount = $update->unique_push( additional => $rr );

    $nscount = $update->unique_push( update => $rr1, $rr2, $rr3 );
    $nscount = $update->unique_push( update => @rr );

Adds RRs to the specified section of the update packet provided that the RRs are not already present in the same section.

Returns the number of resource records in the specified section.

Section names may be abbreviated to the first three characters.

EXAMPLES

The first example below shows a complete program. Subsequent examples show only the creation of the update packet.

Add a new host

    #!/usr/bin/perl

    use Net::DNS;

    # Create the update packet.
    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');

    # Prerequisite is that no A records exist for the name.
    $update->push( pre => nxrrset('foo.example.com. A') );

    # Add two A records for the name.
    $update->push( update => rr_add('foo.example.com. 86400 A 192.168.1.2') );
    $update->push( update => rr_add('foo.example.com. 86400 A 172.16.3.4') );

    # Send the update to the zone's primary master.
    my $resolver = new Net::DNS::Resolver;
    $resolver->nameservers('primary-master.example.com');

    my $reply = $resolver->send($update);

    # Did it work?
    if ($reply) {
            if ( $reply->header->rcode eq 'NOERROR' ) {
                    print "Update succeeded\n";
            } else {
                    print 'Update failed: ', $reply->header->rcode, "\n";
            }
    } else {
            print 'Update failed: ', $resolver->errorstring, "\n";
    }

Add an MX record for a name that already exists

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( prereq => yxdomain('example.com') );
    $update->push( update => rr_add('example.com MX 10 mailhost.example.com') );

Add a TXT record for a name that doesn't exist

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( prereq => nxdomain('info.example.com') );
    $update->push( update => rr_add('info.example.com TXT "yabba dabba doo"') );

Delete all A records for a name

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( prereq => yxrrset('foo.example.com A') );
    $update->push( update => rr_del('foo.example.com A') );

Delete all RRs for a name

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( prereq => yxdomain('byebye.example.com') );
    $update->push( update => rr_del('byebye.example.com') );

Perform a DNS update signed using a BIND private key file

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( update => rr_add('foo.example.com A 10.1.2.3') );
    $update->sign_tsig( "$dir/Khmac-sha512.example.com.+165+01018.private" );
    my $reply = $resolver->send( $update );
    $reply->verify( $update ) || die $reply->verifyerr;

Signing the DNS update using a BIND public key file

    $update->sign_tsig( "$dir/Khmac-sha512.example.com.+165+01018.key" );

Signing the DNS update using a customised TSIG record

    $update->sign_tsig( "$dir/Khmac-sha512.example.com.+165+01018.private",
                        fudge => 60
                        );

Another way to sign a DNS update

    my $key_name = 'tsig-key';
    my $key      = 'awwLOtRfpGE+rRKF2+DEiw==';

    my $tsig = new Net::DNS::RR("$key_name TSIG $key");
    $tsig->fudge(60);

    my $update = new Net::DNS::Update('example.com');
    $update->push( update     => rr_add('foo.example.com A 10.1.2.3') );
    $update->push( additional => $tsig );

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c)1997-2000 Michael Fuhr.

Portions Copyright (c)2002,2003 Chris Reinhardt.

Portions Copyright (c)2015 Dick Franks.

All rights reserved.

LICENSE

Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name of the author not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to distribution of the software without specific prior written permission.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

SEE ALSO

perl, Net::DNS, Net::DNS::Packet, Net::DNS::Header, Net::DNS::RR, Net::DNS::Resolver, RFC 2136, RFC 2845