++ed by:
GARU KARJALA KEEDI YUUKI

4 PAUSE user(s)
2 non-PAUSE user(s).

Marc Mims

NAME

Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1 - A perl interface to the Twitter API

VERSION

version 0.12006

SYNOPSIS

  use Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1;
  use Scalar::Util 'blessed';

  my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1->new(
      consumer_key        => $consumer_key,
      consumer_secret     => $consumer_secret,
      access_token        => $token,
      access_token_secret => $token_secret,
      ssl                 => 1,
  );

  my $result = $nt->update('Hello, world!');

  eval {
      my $statuses = $nt->home_timeline({ since_id => $high_water, count => 100 });
      for my $status ( @$statuses ) {
          print "$status->{created_at} <$status->{user}{screen_name}> $status->{text}\n";
      }
  };
  if ( my $err = $@ ) {
      die $@ unless blessed $err && $err->isa('Net::Twitter::Lite::Error');

      warn "HTTP Response Code: ", $err->code, "\n",
           "HTTP Message......: ", $err->message, "\n",
           "Twitter error.....: ", $err->error, "\n";
  }

TWITTER NOW REQUIRES SSL

Deprecation cycle. Twitter now requires SSL connections for API calls. To enable SSL, add ( ssl => 1) to the options passed to new. E.g.,

    my $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1->new(
        consumer_key        => $key,
        consumer_secret     => $secret,
        access_token        => $token,
        access_token_secret => $token_secret,
        ssl                 => 1,  ## enable SSL! ##
    );

This version will warn if no ssl option is passed to new. For backwards compatibility, the default in this version remains SSL disabled. A future release will change the default to SSL enabled and remove the warning. Add ( ssl => 0 ) to disable the warning and keep SSL disabled.

Why not just make the default SSL enabled, now? Net::Twitter::Lite has always tried to adhere to a strict policy of backwards compatibility. An upgrade to Net::Twitter::Lite should not break or significantly change the behavior of existing code that relies on it. Net::Twitter is used by some for Twitter API compatible services that may or may not require SSL, and for some private test services that require non-SSL connections. They shouldn't break when Net::Twitter::Lite is upgraded. This deprecation cycle is the minimally invasive change that lets user know about Twitter's change without significantly changing the behavior for anyone upgrading.

DESCRIPTION

This module provides a perl interface to the Twitter APIs. See http://dev.twitter.com/docs/api/1.1 for a full description of the Twitter APIs.

RETURN VALUES

Net::Twitter::Lite decodes the data structures returned by the Twitter API into native perl data structures (HASH references and ARRAY references). The full layout of those data structures are not documented, here. They change often, usually with the addition of new elements, and documenting all of those changes would be a significant challenge.

Instead, rely on the online Twitter API documentation and inspection of the returned data.

The Twitter API online documentation is located at http://dev.twitter.com/docs/1.1.

To inspect the data, use Data::Dumper or similar module of your choice. Here's a simple example using Data::Dumper:

    use Data::Dumper;

    my $r = $nt->search($search_term);
    print Dumper $r;

For more information on perl data structures, see perlreftut, perldsc, and perllol.

METHODS AND ARGUMENTS

new

This constructs a Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1 object. It takes several named parameters, all of them optional:

clientname

The value for the X-Twitter-Client-Name HTTP header. It defaults to "Perl Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1". Note: This option has nothing to do with the "via" application byline.

clientver

The value for the X-Twitter-Client-Version HTTP header. It defaults to current version of this module.

clienturl

The value for the X-Twitter-Client-URL HTTP header. It defaults to the search.cpan.org page for the Net::Twitter::Lite distribution.

useragent_class

The LWP::UserAgent compatible class used internally to make HTTP requests. It defaults to "LWP::UserAgent". For POE based applications, consider using "LWP::UserAgent::POE".

useragent_args

An HASH ref of arguments to pass to constructor of the class specified with useragent_class, above. It defaults to {} (an empty HASH ref).

useragent

The value for User-Agent HTTP header. It defaults to "Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1/$VERSION (Perl)", where $VERSION is the current version of this module.

source

Twitter on longer uses the source parameter. Support for it remains in this module for any compatible services that may use it. It was originally used by Twitter to provide an "via" application byline.

apiurl

The URL for the Twitter API. This defaults to "http://api.twitter.com/1". This option is available when the API::RESTv1_1 trait is included.

apirealm

A string containing the Twitter API realm used for Basic Authentication. It defaults to "Twitter API". This option is available when the API::RESTv1_1 trait is included.

identica

If set to 1, Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1 overrides the defaults for apiurl, apihost, and apirealm to "http://identi.ca/api", "identi.ca:80", and "Laconica API" respectively. It defaults to 0.

consumer_key

A string containing the OAuth consumer key provided by Twitter when an application is registered. This option is available when the OAuth trait is included.

consumer_secret

A string containing the OAuth consumer secret. This option is available when the OAuth trait is included.

ssl

If set to 1, an SSL connection will be used for all API calls. Defaults to 0.

netrc

(Optional) Sets the machine key to look up in .netrc to obtain credentials. If set to 1, will use the value of the netrc_machine option (below).

   # in .netrc
   machine api.twitter.com
     login YOUR_TWITTER_USER_NAME
     password YOUR_TWITTER_PASSWORD
   machine semifor.twitter.com
     login semifor
     password SUPERSECRET

   # in your perl program
   $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1->new(netrc => 1);
   $nt = Net::Twitter::Lite::WithAPIv1_1->new(netrc => 'semifor.twitter.com');
netrc_machine

(Optional) Sets the machine entry to look up in .netrc when <netrc = 1>> is used. Defaults to api.twitter.com.

wrap_result

(Optional) If set to 1, this option will return an Net::Twitter::Lite::WrapResult object, which provides both the Twitter API result and the HTTP::Response object for the API call. See Net::Twitter::Lite::WrapResult for details.

credentials($username, $password)

Set the credentials for Basic Authentication. This is helpful for managing multiple accounts.

AUTHENTICATION

With Twitter API version 1.1, all API calls require OAuth. Other Twitter compatible services, like Identi.ca, accept Basic Authentication. So, this module provides support for both.

For OAuth authentication, provide consumer_key and consumer_secret arguments to new. Set access_token and access_token_secret for each call, or provide them as arguments to new.

For Basic Authentication, provide the username and password options to "new" or call the "credentials" method.

In addition to the arguments specified for each API method described below, an additional authenticate parameter can be passed. To request an Authorization header, pass authenticate => 1; to suppress an authentication header, pass authenticate => 0. Even if requested, an Authorization header will not be added if there are no user credentials (username and password for Basic Authentication; access tokens for OAuth).

This is probably only useful for non-Twitter sites that use the Twitter API and support unauthenticated calls.

API METHODS AND ARGUMENTS

Most Twitter API methods take parameters. All API methods will accept a HASH ref of named parameters as specified in the Twitter API documentation. For convenience, many methods accept simple positional arguments. The positional parameter passing style is optional; you can always use the named parameters in a HASH reference if you prefer.

You may pass any number of required parameters as positional parameters. You must pass them in the order specified in the documentation for each method. Optional parameters must be passed as named parameters in a HASH reference. The HASH reference containing the named parameters must be the final parameter to the method call. Any required parameters not passed as positional parameters, must be included in the named parameter HASH reference.

For example, the REST API method update has one required parameter, status. You can call update with a HASH ref argument:

    $nt->update({ status => 'Hello world!' });

Or, you can use the convenient, positional parameter form:

    $nt->update('Hello world!');

The update method also has an optional parameter, in_reply_to_status_id. To use it, you must use the HASH ref form:

    $nt->update({ status => 'Hello world!', in_reply_to_status_id => $reply_to });

You may use the convenient positional form for the required status parameter with the optional parameters specified in the named parameter HASH reference:

    $nt->update('Hello world!', { in_reply_to_status_id => $reply_to });

Convenience form is provided for the required parameters of all API methods. So, these two calls are equivalent:

    $nt->friendship_exists({ user_a => $fred, user_b => $barney });
    $nt->friendship_exists($fred, $barney);

Many API methods have aliases. You can use the API method name, or any of its aliases, as you prefer. For example, these calls are all equivalent:

    $nt->friendship_exists($fred, $barney);
    $nt->relationship_exists($fred, $barney);
    $nt->follows($fred, $barney);

Aliases support both the HASH ref and convenient forms:

    $nt->follows({ user_a => $fred, user_b => $barney });

Synthetic Arguments

In addition to the arguments described in the Twitter API Documentation for each API method, these additional synthetic arguments are supported.

authenticate

When set to 1, an Authorization header for the API call will be provided; when set to 0, it will suppress the Authentication header. This argument overrides the defined authentication behavior for the API method. It is probably only useful for the rate_limit_satus method which returns different values for authenticated and unauthenticated calls. See "AUTHENTICATION" for more details.

API Methods

account_settings
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the current trend, geo and sleep time information for the authenticating user.

Returns: HashRef

add_list_member
Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Add a member to a list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to add members to it. Note that lists can't have more than 500 members.

Returns: User

add_place
add_place(name, contained_within, token, lat, long)
Parameters: name, contained_within, token, lat, long, attribute:street_address, callback
Required: name, contained_within, token, lat, long

Creates a new place object at the given latitude and longitude.

Before creating a place you need to query similar_places with the latitude, longitude and name of the place you wish to create. The query will return an array of places which are similar to the one you wish to create, and a token. If the place you wish to create isn't in the returned array you can use the token with this method to create a new one.

Returns: Place

blocking
alias: blocks_list
Parameters: cursor, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns an array of user objects that the authenticating user is blocking.

Returns: ArrayRef[BasicUser]

blocking_ids
alias: blocks_ids
Parameters: cursor, stringify_ids
Required: none

Returns an array of numeric user ids the authenticating user is blocking.

Returns: ArrayRef[Int]

contributees
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_satus
Required: none

Returns an array of users that the specified user can contribute to.

Returns: ArrayRef[User]

contributors
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_satus
Required: none

Returns an array of users who can contribute to the specified account.

Returns: ArrayRef[User]

create_block
create_block(id)
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status
Required: id

Blocks the user specified in the user_id or screen_name parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the blocked user when successful. You can find out more about blocking in the Twitter Support Knowledge Base.

Returns: BasicUser

create_favorite
create_favorite(id)
Parameters: id, include_entities
Required: id

Favorites the status specified in the ID parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the favorite status when successful.

Returns: Status

create_friend
alias: follow
alias: follow_new
alias: create_friendship
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, follow
Required: none

Follows the user specified in the user_id or screen_name parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the befriended user when successful. Returns a string describing the failure condition when unsuccessful.

Returns: BasicUser

create_list
create_list(name)
Parameters: list_id, slug, name, mode, description, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: name

Creates a new list for the authenticated user. Note that you can't create more than 20 lists per account.

Returns: List

create_saved_search(query)
Parameters: query
Required: query

Creates a saved search for the authenticated user.

Returns: SavedSearch

delete_list
Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug
Required: none

Deletes the specified list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to destroy it.

Returns: List

delete_list_member
alias: remove_list_member
Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Removes the specified member from the list. The authenticated user must be the list's owner to remove members from the list.

Returns: User

destroy_block
destroy_block(id)
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status
Required: id

Un-blocks the user specified in the user_id or screen_name parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the un-blocked user when successful.

Returns: BasicUser

destroy_direct_message
destroy_direct_message(id)
Parameters: id, include_entities
Required: id

Destroys the direct message specified in the required ID parameter. The authenticating user must be the recipient of the specified direct message.

Important: this method requires an access token with RWD (read, write, and direct message) permissions.

Returns: DirectMessage

destroy_favorite
destroy_favorite(id)
Parameters: id, include_entities
Required: id

Un-favorites the status specified in the ID parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the un-favorited status.

Returns: Status

destroy_friend
destroy_friend(id)
alias: unfollow
alias: destroy_friendship
Parameters: user_id, screen_name
Required: id

Discontinues friendship with the user specified in the user_id or screen_name parameter as the authenticating user. Returns the un-friended user when successful. Returns a string describing the failure condition when unsuccessful.

Returns: BasicUser

destroy_saved_search(id)
Parameters: id
Required: id

Destroys a saved search. The search, specified by id, must be owned by the authenticating user.

Returns: SavedSearch

destroy_status
destroy_status(id)
Parameters: id, trim_user
Required: id

Destroys the status specified by the required ID parameter. The authenticating user must be the author of the specified status.

Returns: Status

direct_messages
Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, page, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns a list of the 20 most recent direct messages sent to the authenticating user including detailed information about the sending and recipient users.

Important: this method requires an access token with RWD (read, write, and direct message) permissions.

Returns: ArrayRef[DirectMessage]

favorites
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, count, since_id, max_id, include_entities
Required: none

Returns the 20 most recent favorite statuses for the authenticating user or user specified by the ID parameter.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

followers
alias: followers_list
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor
Required: none

Returns a cursored collection of user objects for users following the specified user.

Returns: HashRef

followers_ids
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor, stringify_ids
Required: none

Returns a reference to an array of numeric IDs for every user following the specified user. The order of the IDs may change from call to call. To obtain the screen names, pass the arrayref to "lookup_users".

Use the optional cursor parameter to retrieve IDs in pages of 5000. When the cursor parameter is used, the return value is a reference to a hash with keys previous_cursor, next_cursor, and ids. The value of ids is a reference to an array of IDS of the user's followers. Set the optional cursor parameter to -1 to get the first page of IDs. Set it to the prior return's value of previous_cursor or next_cursor to page forward or backwards. When there are no prior pages, the value of previous_cursor will be 0. When there are no subsequent pages, the value of next_cursor will be 0.

Returns: HashRef|ArrayRef[Int]

friends
alias: friends_list
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor
Required: none

Returns a cursored collection of user objects for users followed by the specified user.

Returns: HashRef

friends_ids
alias: following_ids
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor, stringify_ids
Required: none

Returns a reference to an array of numeric IDs for every user followed by the specified user. The order of the IDs is reverse chronological.

Use the optional cursor parameter to retrieve IDs in pages of 5000. When the cursor parameter is used, the return value is a reference to a hash with keys previous_cursor, next_cursor, and ids. The value of ids is a reference to an array of IDS of the user's friends. Set the optional cursor parameter to -1 to get the first page of IDs. Set it to the prior return's value of previous_cursor or next_cursor to page forward or backwards. When there are no prior pages, the value of previous_cursor will be 0. When there are no subsequent pages, the value of next_cursor will be 0.

Returns: HashRef|ArrayRef[Int]

friendships_incoming
alias: incoming_friendships
Parameters: cursor, stringify_ids
Required: none

Returns an HASH ref with an array of numeric IDs in the ids element for every user who has a pending request to follow the authenticating user.

Returns: HashRef

friendships_outgoing
alias: outgoing_friendships
Parameters: cursor, stringify_ids
Required: none

Returns an HASH ref with an array of numeric IDs in the ids element for every protected user for whom the authenticating user has a pending follow request.

Returns: HashRef

geo_id
geo_id(id)
Parameters: id
Required: id

Returns details of a place returned from the reverse_geocode method.

Returns: HashRef

Parameters: lat, long, query, ip, granularity, accuracy, max_results, contained_within, attribute:street_address, callback
Required: none

Search for places that can be attached to a statuses/update. Given a latitude and a longitude pair, an IP address, or a name, this request will return a list of all the valid places that can be used as the place_id when updating a status.

Conceptually, a query can be made from the user's location, retrieve a list of places, have the user validate the location he or she is at, and then send the ID of this location with a call to statuses/update.

This is the recommended method to use find places that can be attached to statuses/update. Unlike geo/reverse_geocode which provides raw data access, this endpoint can potentially re-order places with regards to the user who is authenticated. This approach is also preferred for interactive place matching with the user.

Returns: HashRef

get_configuration
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the current configuration used by Twitter including twitter.com slugs which are not usernames, maximum photo resolutions, and t.co URL lengths.

It is recommended applications request this endpoint when they are loaded, but no more than once a day.

Returns: HashRef

get_languages
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the list of languages supported by Twitter along with their ISO 639-1 code. The ISO 639-1 code is the two letter value to use if you include lang with any of your requests.

Returns: ArrayRef[Lanugage]

get_list
alias: show_list
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Returns the specified list. Private lists will only be shown if the authenticated user owns the specified list.

Returns: List

get_lists
alias: all_subscriptions
alias: list_lists all_subscriptions
Parameters: user_id, screen_name reverse
Required: none

Returns all lists the authenticating or specified user subscribes to, including their own. The user is specified using the user_id or screen_name parameters. If no user is given, the authenticating user is used.

A maximum of 100 results will be returned by this call. Subscribed lists are returned first, followed by owned lists. This means that if a user subscribes to 90 lists and owns 20 lists, this method returns 90 subscriptions and 10 owned lists. The reverse method returns owned lists first, so with reverse = 1>, 20 owned lists and 80 subscriptions would be returned. If your goal is to obtain every list a user owns or subscribes to, use <list_ownerships> and/or list_subscriptions instead.

Returns: ArrayRef[Lists]

get_privacy_policy
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns Twitter's privacy policy.

Returns: HashRef

get_tos
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the Twitter Terms of Service. These are not the same as the Developer Rules of the Road.

Returns: HashRef

home_timeline
Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, exclude_replies, contributor_details, include_entities, trim_user
Required: none

Returns the 20 most recent statuses, including retweets, posted by the authenticating user and that user's friends.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

list_members
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, cursor, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns the members of the specified list. Private list members will only be shown if the authenticated user owns the specified list.

Returns: Hashref

list_memberships
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, cursor, filter_to_owned_lists
Required: none

Returns the lists the specified user has been added to. If user_id or screen_name are not provided the memberships for the authenticating user are returned.

Returns: Hashref

list_statuses
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, since_id, max_id, count, include_entities, include_rts
Required: none

Returns tweet timeline for members of the specified list. Historically, retweets were not available in list timeline responses but you can now use the include_rts=true parameter to additionally receive retweet objects.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

list_subscribers
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id, cursor, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns the subscribers of the specified list. Private list subscribers will only be shown if the authenticated user owns the specified list.

Returns: Hashref

lookup_friendships
Parameters: user_id, screen_name
Required: none

Returns the relationship of the authenticating user to the comma separated list or ARRAY ref of up to 100 screen_names or user_ids provided. Values for connections can be: following, following_requested, followed_by, none. Requires authentication.

Returns: ArrayRef

lookup_users
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities
Required: none

Return up to 100 users worth of extended information, specified by either ID, screen name, or combination of the two. The author's most recent status (if the authenticating user has permission) will be returned inline. This method is rate limited to 1000 calls per hour.

This method will accept user IDs or screen names as either a comma delimited string, or as an ARRAY ref. It will also accept arguments in the normal HASHREF form or as a simple list of named arguments. I.e., any of the following forms are acceptable:

    $nt->lookup_users({ user_id => '1234,6543,3333' });
    $nt->lookup_users(user_id => '1234,6543,3333');
    $nt->lookup_users({ user_id => [ 1234, 6543, 3333 ] });
    $nt->lookup_users({ screen_name => 'fred,barney,wilma' });
    $nt->lookup_users(screen_name => ['fred', 'barney', 'wilma']);

    $nt->lookup_users(
        screen_name => ['fred', 'barney' ],
        user_id     => '4321,6789',
    );

Returns: ArrayRef[User]

members_create_all
alias: add_list_members
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Adds multiple members to a list, by specifying a reference to an array or a comma-separated list of member ids or screen names. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to add members to it. Note that lists can't have more than 500 members, and you are limited to adding up to 100 members to a list at a time with this method.

Returns: List

members_destroy_all
alias: remove_list_members
Parameters: list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Removes multiple members from a list, by specifying a reference to an array of member ids or screen names, or a string of comma separated user ids or screen names. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to remove members from it. Note that lists can't have more than 500 members, and you are limited to removing up to 100 members to a list at a time with this method.

Please note that there can be issues with lists that rapidly remove and add memberships. Take care when using these methods such that you are not too rapidly switching between removals and adds on the same list.

Returns: List

mentions
alias: replies
alias: mentions_timeline
Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, trim_user, include_entities, contributor_details
Required: none

Returns the 20 most recent mentions (statuses containing @username) for the authenticating user.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

new_direct_message
new_direct_message(text)
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, text
Required: text

Sends a new direct message to the specified user from the authenticating user. Requires both the user and text parameters. Returns the sent message when successful. In order to support numeric screen names, the screen_name or user_id parameters may be used instead of user.

Important: this method requires an access token with RWD (read, write, and direct message) permissions.

Returns: DirectMessage

no_retweet_ids
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns an ARRAY ref of user IDs for which the authenticating user does not want to receive retweets.

Returns: ArrayRef[UserIDs]

oembed
Required: none

Returns information allowing the creation of an embedded representation of a Tweet on third party sites. See the oEmbed specification for information about the response format.

While this endpoint allows a bit of customization for the final appearance of the embedded Tweet, be aware that the appearance of the rendered Tweet may change over time to be consistent with Twitter's Display Requirements. Do not rely on any class or id parameters to stay constant in the returned markup.

Returns: Status

profile_banner
Parameters: user_id, screen_name
Required: none

Returns a hash reference mapping available size variations to URLs that can be used to retrieve each variation of the banner.

Returns: HashRef

rate_limit_status
rate_limit_status(resources)
Parameters: resources
Required: none

Returns the remaining number of API requests available to the authenticated user before the API limit is reached for the current hour.

Use ->rate_limit_status({ authenticate => 0 }) to force an unauthenticated call, which will return the status for the IP address rather than the authenticated user. (Note: for a web application, this is the server's IP address.)

Returns: RateLimitStatus

remove_profile_banner
Parameters: none
Required: none

Removes the uploaded profile banner for the authenticating user.

Returns: Nothing

report_spam
report_spam(id)
Parameters: user_id, screen_name
Required: id

The user specified in the id is blocked by the authenticated user and reported as a spammer.

Returns: User

retweet
retweet(id)
Parameters: idtrim_user
Required: id

Retweets a tweet.

Returns: Status

retweets
retweets(id)
Parameters: id, count, trim_user
Required: id

Returns up to 100 of the first retweets of a given tweet.

Returns: Arrayref[Status]

retweets_of_me
alias: retweeted_of_me
Parameters: since_id, max_id, count, trim_user, include_entities, include_user_entities
Required: none

Returns the 20 most recent tweets of the authenticated user that have been retweeted by others.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

reverse_geocode
reverse_geocode(lat, long)
Parameters: lat, long, accuracy, granularity, max_results, callback
Required: lat, long

Search for places (cities and neighborhoods) that can be attached to a statuses/update. Given a latitude and a longitude, return a list of all the valid places that can be used as a place_id when updating a status. Conceptually, a query can be made from the user's location, retrieve a list of places, have the user validate the location he or she is at, and then send the ID of this location up with a call to statuses/update.

There are multiple granularities of places that can be returned -- "neighborhoods", "cities", etc. At this time, only United States data is available through this method.

lat

Required. The latitude to query about. Valid ranges are -90.0 to +90.0 (North is positive) inclusive.

long

Required. The longitude to query about. Valid ranges are -180.0 to +180.0 (East is positive) inclusive.

accuracy

Optional. A hint on the "region" in which to search. If a number, then this is a radius in meters, but it can also take a string that is suffixed with ft to specify feet. If this is not passed in, then it is assumed to be 0m. If coming from a device, in practice, this value is whatever accuracy the device has measuring its location (whether it be coming from a GPS, WiFi triangulation, etc.).

granularity

Optional. The minimal granularity of data to return. If this is not passed in, then neighborhood is assumed. city can also be passed.

max_results

Optional. A hint as to the number of results to return. This does not guarantee that the number of results returned will equal max_results, but instead informs how many "nearby" results to return. Ideally, only pass in the number of places you intend to display to the user here.

Returns: HashRef

saved_searches
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the authenticated user's saved search queries.

Returns: ArrayRef[SavedSearch]

search(q)
Parameters: q, count, callback, lang, locale, rpp, since_id, max_id, until, geocode, result_type, include_entities
Required: q

Returns a HASH reference with some meta-data about the query including the next_page, refresh_url, and max_id. The statuses are returned in results. To iterate over the results, use something similar to:

    my $r = $nt->search($searh_term);
    for my $status ( @{$r->{statuses}} ) {
        print "$status->{text}\n";
    }

Returns: HashRef

sent_direct_messages
alias: direct_messages_sent
Parameters: since_id, max_id, page, count, include_entities
Required: none

Returns a list of the 20 most recent direct messages sent by the authenticating user including detailed information about the sending and recipient users.

Important: this method requires an access token with RWD (read, write, and direct message) permissions.

Returns: ArrayRef[DirectMessage]

show_direct_message
show_direct_message(id)
Parameters: id
Required: id

Returns a single direct message, specified by an id parameter. Like the direct_messages request, this method will include the user objects of the sender and recipient. Requires authentication.

Important: this method requires an access token with RWD (read, write, and direct message) permissions.

Returns: HashRef

show_friendship
alias: show_relationship
Parameters: source_id, source_screen_name, target_id, target_screen_name
Required: none

Returns detailed information about the relationship between two users.

Returns: Relationship

show_list_member
alias: is_list_member
Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Check if the specified user is a member of the specified list. Returns the user or undef.

Returns: Maybe[User]

show_list_subscriber
alias: is_list_subscriber
alias: is_subscriber_lists
Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug, user_id, screen_name, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns the user if they are a subscriber.

Returns: User

show_saved_search(id)
Parameters: id
Required: id

Retrieve the data for a saved search, by id, owned by the authenticating user.

Returns: SavedSearch

show_status
show_status(id)
Parameters: id, trim_user, include_entities, include_my_retweet
Required: id

Returns a single status, specified by the id parameter. The status's author will be returned inline.

Returns: Status

show_user
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, include_entities
Required: none

Returns extended information of a given user, specified by ID or screen name as per the required id parameter. This information includes design settings, so third party developers can theme their widgets according to a given user's preferences. You must be properly authenticated to request the page of a protected user.

Returns: ExtendedUser

similar_places
similar_places(lat, long, name)
Parameters: lat, long, name, contained_within, attribute:street_address, callback
Required: lat, long, name

Locates places near the given coordinates which are similar in name.

Conceptually you would use this method to get a list of known places to choose from first. Then, if the desired place doesn't exist, make a request to add_place to create a new one.

The token contained in the response is the token needed to be able to create a new place.

Returns: HashRef

subscribe_list
Parameters: owner_screen_name, owner_id, list_id, slug
Required: none

Subscribes the authenticated user to the specified list.

Returns: List

list_subscriptions
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, count, cursor
Required: none
Aliases: subscriptions

Obtain a collection of the lists the specified user is subscribed to, 20 lists per page by default. Does not include the user's own lists.

Returns: ArrayRef[List]

list_ownerships
Parameters: user_id screen_name count cursor

Obtain a collection of the lists owned by the specified Twitter user. Private lists will only be shown if the authenticated user is also the owner of the lists.

Returns: Hashref

suggestion_categories
Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the list of suggested user categories. The category slug can be used in the user_suggestions API method get the users in that category . Does not require authentication.

Returns: ArrayRef

Parameters: none
Required: none

Returns the locations with trending topic information. The response is an array of "locations" that encode the location's WOEID (a Yahoo! Where On Earth ID http://developer.yahoo.com/geo/geoplanet/) and some other human-readable information such as a the location's canonical name and country.

For backwards compatibility, this method accepts optional lat and long parameters. You should call trends_closest directly, instead.

Use the WOEID returned in the location object to query trends for a specific location.

Returns: ArrayRef[Location]

Parameters: lat, long
Required: none

Returns the locations with trending topic information. The response is an array of "locations" that encode the location's WOEID (a Yahoo! Where On Earth ID http://developer.yahoo.com/geo/geoplanet/) and some other human-readable information such as a the location's canonical name and country. The results are sorted by distance from that location, nearest to farthest.

Use the WOEID returned in the location object to query trends for a specific location.

Returns: ArrayRef[Location]

Parameters: id, exclude
Required: id

Returns the top 10 trending topics for a specific WOEID. The response is an array of "trend" objects that encode the name of the trending topic, the query parameter that can be used to search for the topic on Search, and the direct URL that can be issued against Search. This information is cached for five minutes, and therefore users are discouraged from querying these endpoints faster than once every five minutes. Global trends information is also available from this API by using a WOEID of 1.

Returns: ArrayRef[Trend]

unsubscribe_list
Parameters: list_id, slug, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Unsubscribes the authenticated user from the specified list.

Returns: List

update
update(status)
Parameters: status, lat, long, place_id, display_coordinates, in_reply_to_status_id, trim_user
Required: status

Updates the authenticating user's status. Requires the status parameter specified. A status update with text identical to the authenticating user's current status will be ignored.

status

Required. The text of your status update. URL encode as necessary. Statuses over 140 characters will cause a 403 error to be returned from the API.

in_reply_to_status_id

Optional. The ID of an existing status that the update is in reply to. o Note: This parameter will be ignored unless the author of the tweet this parameter references is mentioned within the status text. Therefore, you must include @username, where username is the author of the referenced tweet, within the update.

lat

Optional. The location's latitude that this tweet refers to. The valid ranges for latitude is -90.0 to +90.0 (North is positive) inclusive. This parameter will be ignored if outside that range, if it is not a number, if geo_enabled is disabled, or if there not a corresponding long parameter with this tweet.

long

Optional. The location's longitude that this tweet refers to. The valid ranges for longitude is -180.0 to +180.0 (East is positive) inclusive. This parameter will be ignored if outside that range, if it is not a number, if geo_enabled is disabled, or if there not a corresponding lat parameter with this tweet.

place_id

Optional. The place to attach to this status update. Valid place_ids can be found by querying reverse_geocode.

display_coordinates

Optional. By default, geo-tweets will have their coordinates exposed in the status object (to remain backwards compatible with existing API applications). To turn off the display of the precise latitude and longitude (but keep the contextual location information), pass display_coordinates = 0> on the status update.

Returns: Status

update_account_settings
Parameters: trend_location_woid, sleep_time_enabled, start_sleep_time, end_sleep_time, time_zone, lang
Required: none

Updates the authenticating user's settings.

Returns: HashRef

update_delivery_device
update_delivery_device(device)
Parameters: device, include_entities
Required: device

Sets which device Twitter delivers updates to for the authenticating user. Sending none as the device parameter will disable SMS updates.

Returns: BasicUser

update_friendship
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, device, retweets
Required: none

Allows you enable or disable retweets and device notifications from the specified user. All other values are assumed to be false. Requires authentication.

Returns: HashRef

update_list
Parameters: list_id, slug, name, mode, description, owner_screen_name, owner_id
Required: none

Updates the specified list. The authenticated user must own the list to be able to update it.

Returns: List

update_profile
Parameters: name, url, location, description, include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Sets values that users are able to set under the "Account" tab of their settings page. Only the parameters specified will be updated; to only update the "name" attribute, for example, only include that parameter in your request.

Returns: ExtendedUser

update_profile_background_image
Parameters: image, tile, include_entities, skip_status, use
Required: none

Updates the authenticating user's profile background image. The image parameter must be an arrayref with the same interpretation as the image parameter in the update_profile_image method. See that method's documentation for details. The use parameter allows you to specify whether to use the uploaded profile background or not.

Returns: ExtendedUser

update_profile_banner
update_profile_banner(banner)
Parameters: banner, width, height, offset_left, offset_top
Required: banner

Uploads a profile banner on behalf of the authenticating user. The image parameter is an arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array ($file) is the name of a file to open. The second value ($filename) is the name given to Twitter for the file. If $filename is not provided, the basename portion of $file is used. If $mime_type is not provided, it will be provided automatically using LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type().

$raw_image_data can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing undef as the first array value.

Returns: Nothing

update_profile_colors
Required: none

Sets one or more hex values that control the color scheme of the authenticating user's profile page on twitter.com. These values are also returned in the /users/show API method.

Returns: ExtendedUser

update_profile_image
update_profile_image(image)
Parameters: image, include_entities, skip_status
Required: image

Updates the authenticating user's profile image. The image parameter is an arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array ($file) is the name of a file to open. The second value ($filename) is the name given to Twitter for the file. If $filename is not provided, the basename portion of $file is used. If $mime_type is not provided, it will be provided automatically using LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type().

$raw_image_data can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing undef as the first array value.

Returns: ExtendedUser

update_with_media
update_with_media(status, media[])
Parameters: status, media[], possibly_sensitive, in_reply_to_status_id, lat, long, place_id, display_coordinates
Required: status, media[]

Updates the authenticating user's status and attaches media for upload.

The media[] parameter is an arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array ($file) is the name of a file to open. The second value ($filename) is the name given to Twitter for the file. If $filename is not provided, the basename portion of $file is used. If $mime_type is not provided, it will be provided automatically using LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type().

$raw_image_data can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing undef as the first array value.

The Tweet text will be rewritten to include the media URL(s), which will reduce the number of characters allowed in the Tweet text. If the URL(s) cannot be appended without text truncation, the tweet will be rejected and this method will return an HTTP 403 error.

Returns: Status

user_suggestions
user_suggestions(category)
alias: follow_suggestions
Parameters: category, lang
Required: category

Access the users in a given category of the Twitter suggested user list and return their most recent status if they are not a protected user. Currently supported values for optional parameter lang are en, fr, de, es, it. Does not require authentication.

Returns: ArrayRef

user_suggestions_for
user_suggestions_for(category)
alias: follow_suggestions
Parameters: category, lang
Required: category

Access the users in a given category of the Twitter suggested user list.

Returns: ArrayRef

user_timeline
Parameters: user_id, screen_name, since_id, max_id, count, trim_user, exclude_replies, include_rts, contributor_details
Required: none

Returns the 20 most recent statuses posted by the authenticating user, or the user specified by screen_name or user_id.

Returns: ArrayRef[Status]

users_search(q)
alias: find_people
alias: search_users
Parameters: q, per_page, page, count, include_entities
Required: q

Run a search for users similar to Find People button on Twitter.com; the same results returned by people search on Twitter.com will be returned by using this API (about being listed in the People Search). It is only possible to retrieve the first 1000 matches from this API.

Returns: ArrayRef[Users]

verify_credentials
Parameters: include_entities, skip_status
Required: none

Returns an HTTP 200 OK response code and a representation of the requesting user if authentication was successful; returns a 401 status code and an error message if not. Use this method to test if supplied user credentials are valid.

Returns: ExtendedUser

update_with_media
update_with_media(status, media)
Parameters: status, media[], possibly_sensitive, in_reply_to_status_id, lat, long, place_id, display_coordinates
Required: status, media

Updates the authenticating user's status and attaches media for upload.

The media[] parameter is an arrayref with the following interpretation:

  [ $file ]
  [ $file, $filename ]
  [ $file, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type ]
  [ undef, $filename, Content_Type => $mime_type, Content => $raw_image_data ]

The first value of the array ($file) is the name of a file to open. The second value ($filename) is the name given to Twitter for the file. If $filename is not provided, the basename portion of $file is used. If $mime_type is not provided, it will be provided automatically using LWP::MediaTypes::guess_media_type().

$raw_image_data can be provided, rather than opening a file, by passing undef as the first array value.

The Tweet text will be rewritten to include the media URL(s), which will reduce the number of characters allowed in the Tweet text. If the URL(s) cannot be appended without text truncation, the tweet will be rejected and this method will return an HTTP 403 error.

Returns: Status

Search API Methods

These methods are provided when trait API::Search is included in the traits option to new.

search
search(q)
Parameters: q, callback, lang, locale, rpp, page, since_id, until, geocode, show_user, result_type
Required: q

Returns a HASH reference with some meta-data about the query including the next_page, refresh_url, and max_id. The statuses are returned in results. To iterate over the results, use something similar to:

    my $r = $nt->search($searh_term);
    for my $status ( @{$r->{results}} ) {
        print "$status->{text}\n";
    }

Returns: HashRef

TwitterVision API Methods

These methods are provided when trait API::TwitterVision is included in the traits option to new.

current_status
current_status(id)
Parameters: id, callback
Required: id

Get the current location and status of a user.

Returns: HashRef

update_twittervision
update_twittervision(location)
Parameters: location
Required: location

Updates the location for the authenticated user.

Returns: HashRef

ERROR HANDLING

When a Twitter API error or a network error is encountered, Net::Twitter::Lite::Error object is thrown. You can catch and process these exceptions by using eval blocks and testing $@:

    eval {
        my $statuses = $nt->friends_timeline(); # this might die!

        for my $status ( @$statuses ) {
            #...
        }
    };
    if ( $@ ) {
        # friends_timeline encountered an error

        if ( blessed $@ && $@->isa('Net::Twitter::Lite::Error') ) {
            #... use the thrown error obj
            warn $@->error;
        }
        else {
            # something bad happened!
            die $@;
        }
    }

Net::Twitter::Lite::Error stringifies to something reasonable, so if you don't need detailed error information, you can simply treat $@ as a string:

    eval { $nt->update($status) };
    if ( $@ ) {
        warn "update failed because: $@\n";
    }

SEE ALSO

Net::Twitter::Lite::Error

The Net::Twitter::Lite exception object.

http://dev.twitter.com/doc

This is the official Twitter API documentation. It describes the methods and their parameters in more detail and may be more current than the documentation provided with this module.

LWP::UserAgent::POE

This LWP::UserAgent compatible class can be used in POE based application along with Net::Twitter::Lite to provide concurrent, non-blocking requests.

Catalyst::Authentication::Credential::Twitter

This module, by Jesse Stay, provides Twitter OAuth authentication support for the popular Catalyst web application framework.

SUPPORT

Please report bugs to bug-net-twitter@rt.cpan.org, or through the web interface at https://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=Net-Twitter.

Join the #net-twitter IRC channel on irc.perl.org.

Follow perl_api: http://twitter.com/perl_api.

Track development at http://github.com/semifor/net-twitter-lite.

AUTHOR

Marc Mims <marc@questright.com> (@semifor on Twitter)

CONTRIBUTORS

Marek Foss (@f055)

LICENSE

Copyright (c) 2013 Marc Mims

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




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