Jay Lawrence

NAME

Net::vFile - Generic module which can read and write "vFile" files such as vCard (RFC 2426) and vCalendar (RFC 2445). The result of loading this data is a collection of objects which will grant you easy access to the properties. Then the module can write your objects back to a data file.

SYNOPIS

    use Net::vCard;

    my $cards = Net::vCard->loadFile( "foo.vCard", "blort.vCard", "whee.vCard" );

    foreach my $card (@$cards) {
        spam ( $card->EMAIL('default') );
    }

DETAILS

The way this processor works is that it reads the vFile line by line.

1 - BEGIN:(.*) tag

   $1 is looked up in classMap; class is loaded; new object of this class is created
   ie/ $Net::vFile::classMap{'VCARD'}="Net::vCard";
       $object=$classMap{'VCARD'}->new;

    n.b. classMap is a package variable for Net::vFile

2 - All lines are read and stored until a BEGIN tag (goto 1) or END tag (goto 3) is reached

3 - END:(.*) tag

   Signals that all entry data has been obtained and now the rows of data are processed

4 - Data is concatenated - thanks to Net::iCal for the strategy; the tag label and data are obtained

5 - The data handler is identified via $object->varHandler->{$label}

    There are some generic handlers for common data types such as simple strings, dates, etc. More
    elaborate data types such as N, ADR, etc. need special treatment and are declared explititly
    in classes as "load_XXX" such as "load_N"

You should be able to override and extend the processing by taking Net::vCard.pm as your example and adjusting as necessary.

The resulting data structure is a bit bulky - but is such that it can express vCard data completely and reliably

  Put in a dump of a vCard here

DEPENDENCIES

 DateTime::Format::ICal
\@objects = loadFile( filename [, filename ... ] )

Loads the vFiles and returns an array of objects

$object = class->new

Make a new object

\@objects = Class->load( filehandle )

Loads data from file handle and creates objects as necessary

$object->error

Called when a line cannot be successfully decoded

DATA HANDLERS

varHandler

Returns a hash ref mapping the item label to a handler name. Ie:

   {
        'FN'          => 'singleText',
        'N'           => 'N',
        'NICKNAME'    => 'multipleText',
        'PHOTO'       => 'singleBinary',
        'BDAY'        => 'singleText',
        'ADR'         => 'ADR',
    };
typeDefault

Additional information where handlers require type info. Such as ADR - is this a home, postal, or whatever? If not supplied the RFC specifies what types they should default to.

     from vCard:

     {
        'ADR'     => [ qw(intl postal parcel work) ],
        'LABEL'   => [ qw(intl postal parcel work) ],
        'TEL'     => [ qw(voice) ],
        'EMAIL'   => [ qw(internet) ],
    };
load_singleText

Loads a single text item with no processing other than unescape text

_singleText

Accessor for single text items

load_singleDate

Loads a date creating a DateTime::Format::ICal object. Thanks Dave!

load_singleDuration

Loads a data duration using DateTime::Format::ICal.

load_multipleText

This is text that is separated by commas. The text is then unescaped. An array of items is created.

load_singleTextType

Load text that has a type attribute. Each text of different type attributes will be handled independantly in as a hash entry. If no type attribute is supplied then the typeDefaults types will be used. A line can have multiple types. In the case where multiple types have the same value "_alias" indicators are created. The preferred type is stored in "_pref"

load_singleBinary

Not done as I don't have example data yet.

SUPPORT

For technical support please email to jlawrenc@cpan.org ... for faster service please include "Net::vFile" and "help" in your subject line.

AUTHOR

 Jay J. Lawrence - jlawrenc@cpan.org
 Infonium Inc., Canada
 http://www.infonium.ca/

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2003 Jay J. Lawrence, Infonium Inc. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.

The full text of the license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

 Net::iCal - whose loading code inspired me for mine

SEE ALSO

RFC 2426, Net::iCal