++ed by:

4 non-PAUSE user(s).

Вячеслав Тихановский
and 2 contributors

NAME

ObjectDB - usable ORM

SYNOPSIS

    package MyDB;
    use base 'ObjectDB';

    sub init_db {
        ...
        return $dbh;
    }

    package MyAuthor;
    use base 'MyDB';

    __PACKAGE__->meta(
        table          => 'author',
        columns        => [qw/id name/],
        primary_key    => 'id',
        auto_increment => 'id',
        relationships  => {
            books => {
                type = 'one to many',
                class => 'MyBook',
                map   => {id => 'author_id'}
            }
        }
    );

    package MyBook;
    use base 'MyDB';

    __PACKAGE__->meta(
        table          => 'book',
        columns        => [qw/id author_id title/],
        primary_key    => 'id',
        auto_increment => 'id',
        relationships  => {
            author => {
                type = 'many to one',
                class => 'MyAuthor',
                map   => {author_id => 'id'}
            }
        }
    );

    my $book_by_id = MyBook->new(id => 1)->load(with => 'author');

    my @books_authored_by_Pushkin =
      MyBook->table->find(where => ['author.name' => 'Pushkin']);

    $author->create_related('books', title => 'New Book');

DESCRIPTION

ObjectDB is a lightweight and flexible object-relational mapper. While being light it stays usable. ObjectDB borrows many things from Rose::DB::Object, but unlike in the last one columns are not objects, everything is pretty much straightforward and flat.

Supported servers: SQLite, MySQL, PostgreSQL

Actions on columns

Methods

set_columns

Set columns.

    $book->set_columns(title => 'New Book', pages => 140);
set_column

Set column.

    $book->set_column(title => 'New Book');
get_column
    my $title = $book->get_column('title');
column

A shortcut for set_column/get_column.

    $book->column(title => 'New Book');
    my $title = $book->column('title');

Actions on rows

Main ObjectDB instance represents a row object. All actions performed on this instance are performed on one row. For performing actions on several rows see ObjectDB::Table.

Methods

create

Creates a new row. If meta has an auto_increment column then it is properly set.

    my $author = MyAuthor->new(name => 'Me')->create;

It is possible to create related objects automatically:

    my $author = MyAuthor->new(
        name  => 'Me',
        books => [{title => 'Book1'}, {title => 'Book2'}]
    )->create;

Which is a convenient way of calling C <create_related> manually .

load

Loads an object by primary or unique key.

    my $author = MyAuthor->new(id => 1)->load;

It is possible to load an object with related objects.

    my $book = MyBook->new(title => 'New Book')->load(with => 'author');
update

Updates an object.

    $book->set_column(title => 'Old Title');
    $book->update;
delete

Deletes an object. Related objects are NOT deleted.

    $book->delete;

Actions on tables

In order to perform an action on table a ObjectDB::Table object must be obtained via table method (see ObjectDB::Table for all available actions). The only exception is find, it is available in a row object for convenience.

    MyBook->table->delete; # deletes ALL records from MyBook

Methods

Returns preloaded related objects or loads them on demand.

    # same as find_related but with caching
    my $description = $book->related('book_description');

    # returns from cache
    my $description = $book->related('book_description');

Creates related object, setting appropriate foreign keys. Accepts a list, a hash reference, an object.

    $author->create_related('books', title => 'New Book');
    $author->create_related('books', MyBook->new(title => 'New Book'));

Finds related object.

    my $books = $author->find_related('books', where => [title => 'New Book']);

Updates related object.

    $author->update_related(
        'books',
        set   => {title => 'Old Book'},
        where => [title => 'New Book']
    );

Deletes related object.

    $author->delete_related('books', where => [title => 'New Book']);

Transactions

All the exceptions will be catched, a rollback will be run and exceptions will be rethrown. It is safe to use rollback or commit inside of a transaction when you want to do custom exception handling.

    MyDB->txn(
        sub {
            ... do smth that can throw ...
        }
    );

txn's return value is preserved, so it is safe to do something like:

    my $result = MyDB->txn(
        sub {
            return 'my result';
        }
    );

Methods

txn

Accepts a subroutine reference, wraps code into eval and runs it rethrowing all exceptions.

commit

Commit transaction.

rollback

Rollback transaction.

Utility methods

Methods

meta

Returns meta object. See ObjectDB::Meta.

init_db

Returns current DBI instance.

is_modified

Returns 1 if object is modified.

is_in_db

Returns 1 if object is in database.

Checks if related objects are loaded.

clone

Clones object preserving all columns except primary or unique keys.

to_hash

Converts object into a hash reference, including all preloaded objects.

AUTHOR

Viacheslav Tykhanovskyi

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 2013, Viacheslav Tykhanovskyi.

This module is free software, you may distribute it under the same terms as Perl.