Parse::MIME - Parse mime-types, match against media ranges


 use Parse::MIME qw( best_match );
 print best_match( [ qw( application/xbel+xml text/xml ) ], 'text/*;q=0.5,*/*; q=0.1' );
 # text/xml


This module provides basic functions for handling mime-types. It can handle matching mime-types against a list of media-ranges. See section 14.1 of the HTTP specification [RFC 2616] for a complete explanation:


None of the following functions are exported by default. You can use the :all tag to import all of them into your package:

 use Parse::MIME ':all';


Parses a mime-type into its component parts and returns type, subtype and params, where params is a reference to a hash of all the parameters for the media range:

 parse_mime_type 'application/xhtml;q=0.5'
 # ( 'application', 'xhtml', { q => 0.5 } )


Media-ranges are mime-types with wild-cards and a q quality parameter. This function works just like "parse_mime_type", but also guarantees that there is a value for q in the params hash, supplying the default value if necessary.

 parse_media_range 'application/xhtml'
 # ( 'application', 'xhtml', { q => 1 } )


Media-range lists are comma-separated lists of media ranges. This function works just like "parse_media_range", but accepts a list of media ranges and returns for all of media-ranges.

 my @l = parse_media_range_list 'application/xhtml, text/html;q=0.7'
 # ( 'application', 'xhtml', { q => 1 }, 'text', 'html', { q => 0.7 } )


Find the best match for a given mime-type (passed as the first parameter) against a list of media ranges that have already been parsed by "parse_media_range" (passed as a flat list). Returns the fitness value and the value of the q quality parameter of the best match, or ( -1, 0 ) if no match was found.

 # for @l see above
 fitness_and_quality_parsed( 'text/html', @l )
 # ( 110, 0.7 )


Determines the quality (q) of a mime-type (passed as the first parameter) when compared against a media-range list string. F.ex.:

 quality( 'text/html', 'text/*;q=0.3, text/html;q=0.7, text/html;level=1, text/html;level=2;q=0.4, */*;q=0.5' )
 # 0.7


Just like "quality", except the second parameter must be pre-parsed by "parse_media_range_list".


Choose the mime-type with the highest quality (q) from a list of candidates. Takes an array of supported mime-types as the first parameter and finds the best match for all the media-ranges listed in header, which is passed as the second parameter. The value of header must be a string that conforms to the format of the HTTP Accept header. F.ex.:

 best_match( [ qw( application/xbel+xml text/xml ) ], 'text/*;q=0.5,*/*; q=0.1' )
 # 'text/xml'


Aristotle Pagaltzis <>


This software is copyright (c) 2018 by Aristotle Pagaltzis.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.