NAME

Paws::DynamoDB::UpdateItem - Arguments for method UpdateItem on Paws::DynamoDB

DESCRIPTION

This class represents the parameters used for calling the method UpdateItem on the Amazon DynamoDB service. Use the attributes of this class as arguments to method UpdateItem.

You shouldn't make instances of this class. Each attribute should be used as a named argument in the call to UpdateItem.

SYNOPSIS

    my $dynamodb = Paws->service('DynamoDB');
   # To update an item in a table
   # This example updates an item in the Music table. It adds a new attribute
   # (Year) and modifies the AlbumTitle attribute.  All of the attributes in the
   # item, as they appear after the update, are returned in the response.
    my $UpdateItemOutput = $dynamodb->UpdateItem(
      'ExpressionAttributeNames' => {
        '#AT' => 'AlbumTitle',
        '#Y'  => 'Year'
      },
      'ExpressionAttributeValues' => {
        ':t' => {
          'S' => 'Louder Than Ever'
        },
        ':y' => {
          'N' => 2015
        }
      },
      'Key' => {
        'Artist' => {
          'S' => 'Acme Band'
        },
        'SongTitle' => {
          'S' => 'Happy Day'
        }
      },
      'ReturnValues'     => 'ALL_NEW',
      'TableName'        => 'Music',
      'UpdateExpression' => 'SET #Y = :y, #AT = :t'
    );

    # Results:
    my $Attributes = $UpdateItemOutput->Attributes;

    # Returns a L<Paws::DynamoDB::UpdateItemOutput> object.

Values for attributes that are native types (Int, String, Float, etc) can passed as-is (scalar values). Values for complex Types (objects) can be passed as a HashRef. The keys and values of the hashref will be used to instance the underlying object. For the AWS API documentation, see https://docs.aws.amazon.com/goto/WebAPI/dynamodb/UpdateItem

ATTRIBUTES

AttributeUpdates => Paws::DynamoDB::AttributeUpdates

This is a legacy parameter. Use UpdateExpression instead. For more information, see AttributeUpdates (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/LegacyConditionalParameters.AttributeUpdates.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

ConditionalOperator => Str

This is a legacy parameter. Use ConditionExpression instead. For more information, see ConditionalOperator (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/LegacyConditionalParameters.ConditionalOperator.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Valid values are: "AND", "OR"

ConditionExpression => Str

A condition that must be satisfied in order for a conditional update to succeed.

An expression can contain any of the following:

  • Functions: attribute_exists | attribute_not_exists | attribute_type | contains | begins_with | size

    These function names are case-sensitive.

  • Comparison operators: = | <> | < | > | <= | >= | BETWEEN | IN

  • Logical operators: AND | OR | NOT

For more information about condition expressions, see Specifying Conditions (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.SpecifyingConditions.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

Expected => Paws::DynamoDB::ExpectedAttributeMap

This is a legacy parameter. Use ConditionExpression instead. For more information, see Expected (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/LegacyConditionalParameters.Expected.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

ExpressionAttributeNames => Paws::DynamoDB::ExpressionAttributeNameMap

One or more substitution tokens for attribute names in an expression. The following are some use cases for using ExpressionAttributeNames:

  • To access an attribute whose name conflicts with a DynamoDB reserved word.

  • To create a placeholder for repeating occurrences of an attribute name in an expression.

  • To prevent special characters in an attribute name from being misinterpreted in an expression.

Use the # character in an expression to dereference an attribute name. For example, consider the following attribute name:

  • Percentile

The name of this attribute conflicts with a reserved word, so it cannot be used directly in an expression. (For the complete list of reserved words, see Reserved Words (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/ReservedWords.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.) To work around this, you could specify the following for ExpressionAttributeNames:

  • {"#P":"Percentile"}

You could then use this substitution in an expression, as in this example:

  • #P = :val

Tokens that begin with the : character are expression attribute values, which are placeholders for the actual value at runtime.

For more information about expression attribute names, see Specifying Item Attributes (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.AccessingItemAttributes.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

ExpressionAttributeValues => Paws::DynamoDB::ExpressionAttributeValueMap

One or more values that can be substituted in an expression.

Use the : (colon) character in an expression to dereference an attribute value. For example, suppose that you wanted to check whether the value of the ProductStatus attribute was one of the following:

Available | Backordered | Discontinued

You would first need to specify ExpressionAttributeValues as follows:

{ ":avail":{"S":"Available"}, ":back":{"S":"Backordered"}, ":disc":{"S":"Discontinued"} }

You could then use these values in an expression, such as this:

ProductStatus IN (:avail, :back, :disc)

For more information on expression attribute values, see Condition Expressions (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.SpecifyingConditions.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

REQUIRED Key => Paws::DynamoDB::Key

The primary key of the item to be updated. Each element consists of an attribute name and a value for that attribute.

For the primary key, you must provide all of the attributes. For example, with a simple primary key, you only need to provide a value for the partition key. For a composite primary key, you must provide values for both the partition key and the sort key.

ReturnConsumedCapacity => Str

Valid values are: "INDEXES", "TOTAL", "NONE"

ReturnItemCollectionMetrics => Str

Determines whether item collection metrics are returned. If set to SIZE, the response includes statistics about item collections, if any, that were modified during the operation are returned in the response. If set to NONE (the default), no statistics are returned.

Valid values are: "SIZE", "NONE"

ReturnValues => Str

Use ReturnValues if you want to get the item attributes as they appear before or after they are updated. For UpdateItem, the valid values are:

  • NONE - If ReturnValues is not specified, or if its value is NONE, then nothing is returned. (This setting is the default for ReturnValues.)

  • ALL_OLD - Returns all of the attributes of the item, as they appeared before the UpdateItem operation.

  • UPDATED_OLD - Returns only the updated attributes, as they appeared before the UpdateItem operation.

  • ALL_NEW - Returns all of the attributes of the item, as they appear after the UpdateItem operation.

  • UPDATED_NEW - Returns only the updated attributes, as they appear after the UpdateItem operation.

There is no additional cost associated with requesting a return value aside from the small network and processing overhead of receiving a larger response. No read capacity units are consumed.

The values returned are strongly consistent.

Valid values are: "NONE", "ALL_OLD", "UPDATED_OLD", "ALL_NEW", "UPDATED_NEW"

REQUIRED TableName => Str

The name of the table containing the item to update.

UpdateExpression => Str

An expression that defines one or more attributes to be updated, the action to be performed on them, and new values for them.

The following action values are available for UpdateExpression.

  • SET - Adds one or more attributes and values to an item. If any of these attributes already exist, they are replaced by the new values. You can also use SET to add or subtract from an attribute that is of type Number. For example: SET myNum = myNum + :val

    SET supports the following functions:

    • if_not_exists (path, operand) - if the item does not contain an attribute at the specified path, then if_not_exists evaluates to operand; otherwise, it evaluates to path. You can use this function to avoid overwriting an attribute that may already be present in the item.

    • list_append (operand, operand) - evaluates to a list with a new element added to it. You can append the new element to the start or the end of the list by reversing the order of the operands.

    These function names are case-sensitive.

  • REMOVE - Removes one or more attributes from an item.

  • ADD - Adds the specified value to the item, if the attribute does not already exist. If the attribute does exist, then the behavior of ADD depends on the data type of the attribute:

    • If the existing attribute is a number, and if Value is also a number, then Value is mathematically added to the existing attribute. If Value is a negative number, then it is subtracted from the existing attribute.

      If you use ADD to increment or decrement a number value for an item that doesn't exist before the update, DynamoDB uses 0 as the initial value.

      Similarly, if you use ADD for an existing item to increment or decrement an attribute value that doesn't exist before the update, DynamoDB uses 0 as the initial value. For example, suppose that the item you want to update doesn't have an attribute named itemcount, but you decide to ADD the number 3 to this attribute anyway. DynamoDB will create the itemcount attribute, set its initial value to 0, and finally add 3 to it. The result will be a new itemcount attribute in the item, with a value of 3.

    • If the existing data type is a set and if Value is also a set, then Value is added to the existing set. For example, if the attribute value is the set [1,2], and the ADD action specified [3], then the final attribute value is [1,2,3]. An error occurs if an ADD action is specified for a set attribute and the attribute type specified does not match the existing set type.

      Both sets must have the same primitive data type. For example, if the existing data type is a set of strings, the Value must also be a set of strings.

    The ADD action only supports Number and set data types. In addition, ADD can only be used on top-level attributes, not nested attributes.

  • DELETE - Deletes an element from a set.

    If a set of values is specified, then those values are subtracted from the old set. For example, if the attribute value was the set [a,b,c] and the DELETE action specifies [a,c], then the final attribute value is [b]. Specifying an empty set is an error.

    The DELETE action only supports set data types. In addition, DELETE can only be used on top-level attributes, not nested attributes.

You can have many actions in a single expression, such as the following: SET a=:value1, b=:value2 DELETE :value3, :value4, :value5

For more information on update expressions, see Modifying Items and Attributes (https://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/Expressions.Modifying.html) in the Amazon DynamoDB Developer Guide.

SEE ALSO

This class forms part of Paws, documenting arguments for method UpdateItem in Paws::DynamoDB

BUGS and CONTRIBUTIONS

The source code is located here: https://github.com/pplu/aws-sdk-perl

Please report bugs to: https://github.com/pplu/aws-sdk-perl/issues