++ed by:
KHEDIN PALIK ZMUGHAL MHOWARD TOBYINK

20 PAUSE users
5 non-PAUSE users.

Toby Inkster

NAME

PerlX::Maybe - return a pair only if they are both defined

SYNOPSIS

You once wrote:

 my $bob = Person->new(
    defined $name ? (name => $name) : (),
    defined $age ? (age => $age) : (),
 );

Now you can write:

 use PerlX::Maybe;
 
 my $bob = Person->new(
    maybe name => $name,
    maybe age  => $age,
 );

DESCRIPTION

Moose classes (and some other classes) distinguish between an attribute being unset and the attribute being set to undef. Supplying a constructor arguments like this:

 my $bob = Person->new(
    name => $name,
    age => $age,
 );

Will result in the name and age attributes possibly being set to undef (if the corresponding $name and $age variables are not defined), which may violate the Person class' type constraints.

(Note: if you are the author of the class in question, you can solve this using MooseX::UndefTolerant. However, some of us are stuck using non-UndefTolerant classes written by third parties.)

To ensure that the Person constructor does not try to set a name or age at all when they are undefined, ugly looking code like this is often used:

 my $bob = Person->new(
    defined $name ? (name => $name) : (),
    defined $age ? (age => $age) : (),
 );

or:

 use PerlX::Maybe;

 my $bob = Person->new(
    (name => $name) x!!(defined $name),
    (age  => $age)  x!!(defined $age),
 );

A slightly more elegant solution is the maybe function.

Functions

maybe $x => $y, @rest

This function checks that $x and $y are both defined. If they are, it returns them both as a list; otherwise it returns the empty list.

If @rest is provided, it is unconditionally appended to the end of whatever list is returned.

The combination of these behaviours allows the following very sugary syntax to "just work".

 my $bob = Person->new(
         name      => $name,
         address   => $addr,
   maybe phone     => $tel,
   maybe email     => $email,
         unique_id => $id,
 );

This function is exported by default.

provided $condition, $x => $y, @rest

Like maybe but allows you to use a custom condition expression:

 my $bob = Person->new(
                             name      => $name,
                             address   => $addr,
   provided length($tel),    phone     => $tel,
   provided $email =~ /\@/,  email     => $email,
                             unique_id => $id,
 );

This function is not exported by default.

provided_deref $condition, $r, @rest

Like provided but dereferences the second argument into list context:

 my $bob = Person->new(
                             name        => $name,
                             address     => $addr,
   provided length($tel),    phone       => $tel,
   provided $email =~ /\@/,  email       => $email,
   provided_deref $employee, {
                             employee_id => $employee->employee_id,
                       maybe department  => $employee->department,
                           },
                             unique_id   => $id,
 );

The second argument may be a HASH or ARRAY reference. It may also be a CODE reference, which will be called in list context. If it is a blessed object, it will be treated as if it were a HASH reference (internally it could be another type of reference with overloading).

This function is not exported by default.

provided_deref_with_maybe $condition, $r, @rest

Like provide_deref but will perform maybe on each key-value pair in the dereferenced values.

 my $bob = Person->new(
                             name        => $name,
                             address     => $addr,
   provided length($tel),    phone       => $tel,
   provided $email =~ /\@/,  email       => $email,
   provided_deref_with_maybe $employee, $employee,
                             unique_id   => $id,
 );

Also, if the second argument is a blessed object, it will also skip any 'private' attributes (keys starting with an underscore).

It not only "just works", it "DWIM"s!

This function is not exported by default.

PerlX::Maybe::IMPLEMENTATION

Indicates whether the XS backend PerlX::Maybe::XS was loaded.

XS Backend

If you install PerlX::Maybe::XS, a faster XS-based implementation will be used instead of the pure Perl functions. My basic benchmarking experiments seem to show this to be around 30% faster.

Currently there are no XS implementations of the provided_deref and provided_deref_with_maybe functions. Contributions welcome.

Environment

The environment variable PERLX_MAYBE_IMPLEMENTATION may be set to "PP" to prevent the XS backend from loading.

Exporting

Only maybe is exported by default. You can request other functions by name:

  use PerlX::Maybe "maybe", "provided";

Or to export everything:

  use PerlX::Maybe ":all";

If Exporter::Tiny is installed, you can rename imports:

  use PerlX::Maybe "maybe" => { -as => "perhaps" };

BUGS

Please report any bugs to http://rt.cpan.org/Dist/Display.html?Queue=PerlX-Maybe.

SEE ALSO

Syntax::Feature::Maybe, PerlX::Maybe::XS.

MooseX::UndefTolerant, PerlX::Perform, Exporter.

AUTHOR

Toby Inkster <tobyink@cpan.org>.

provided_deref and provided_deref_with_maybe by Theo van Hoesel.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENCE

This software is copyright (c) 2012-2013, 2018 by Toby Inkster.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTIES

THIS PACKAGE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND WITHOUT ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTIBILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.