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TSIBLEY EXODIST ALUCAS TOBYINK

4 PAUSE users
2 non-PAUSE users.

Lukas Mai
and 1 contributors

NAME

Return::MultiLevel - return across multiple call levels

SYNOPSIS

  use Return::MultiLevel qw(with_return);

  sub inner {
    my ($f) = @_;
    $f->(42);  # implicitly return from 'with_return' below
    print "You don't see this\n";
  }

  sub outer {
    my ($f) = @_;
    inner($f);
    print "You don't see this either\n";
  }

  my $result = with_return {
    my ($return) = @_;
    outer($return);
    die "Not reached";
  };
  print $result, "\n";  # 42

DESCRIPTION

This module provides a way to return immediately from a deeply nested call stack. This is similar to exceptions, but exceptions don't stop automatically at a target frame (and they can be caught by intermediate stack frames using eval). In other words, this is more like setjmp(3)/longjmp(3) than die.

Another way to think about it is that the "multi-level return" coderef represents a single-use/upward-only continuation.

Functions

The following functions are available (and can be imported on demand).

with_return BLOCK

Executes BLOCK, passing it a code reference (called $return in this description) as a single argument. Returns whatever BLOCK returns.

If $return is called, it causes an immediate return from with_return. Any arguments passed to $return become with_return's return value (if with_return is in scalar context, it will return the last argument passed to $return).

It is an error to invoke $return after its surrounding BLOCK has finished executing. In particular, it is an error to call $return twice.

DEBUGGING

This module uses unwind from Scope::Upper to do its work. If Scope::Upper is not available, it substitutes its own pure Perl implementation. You can force the pure Perl version to be used regardless by setting the environment variable RETURN_MULTILEVEL_PP to 1.

If you get the error message Attempt to re-enter dead call frame, that means something has called a $return from outside of its with_return { ... } block. You can get a stack trace of where that with_return was by setting the environment variable RETURN_MULTILEVEL_DEBUG to 1.

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

You can't use this module to return across implicit function calls, such as signal handlers (like $SIG{ALRM}) or destructors (sub DESTROY { ... }). These are invoked automatically by perl and not part of the normal call chain.

SUPPORT AND DOCUMENTATION

After installing, you can find documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

    perldoc Return::MultiLevel

You can also look for information at https://metacpan.org/pod/Return::MultiLevel.

To see a list of open bugs, visit https://rt.cpan.org/Public/Dist/Display.html?Name=Return-MultiLevel.

To report a new bug, send an email to bug-Return-MultiLevel [at] rt.cpan.org.

AUTHOR

Lukas Mai, <l.mai at web.de>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2013-2014 Lukas Mai.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of either: the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation; or the Artistic License.

See http://dev.perl.org/licenses/ for more information.