++ed by:
DAMS

1 PAUSE user(s)

Damien Krotkine

NAME

Riak::Client - Fast and lightweight Perl client for Riak

VERSION

version 1.95

SYNOPSIS

  use Riak::Client;

  # normal mode
  my $client = Riak::Client->new(
    host => '127.0.0.1',
    port => 8087,
    r => 2,
    w => 2,
    dw => 1,
    connection_timeout => 5,
    read_timeout => 5,
    write_timeout => 5,
    no_auto_connect => 0,
  );

  $client->is_alive() or die "riak is not alive";

  # store hashref. will be serialized as JSON
  $client->put( 'bucket_name', 'key_name', { some => 'structure' } );

  # store text
  $client->put( 'bucket_name', 'key_name', 'sometext', 'text/plain' );

  # store raw data
  $client->put_raw( 'bucket_name', 'key_name', 'rawdata' );

  # fetch hashref
  my $hash = $client->get( 'bucket_name', 'key_name' );

  # fetch raw data
  my $text = $client->get_raw( 'bucket_name', 'key_name');

  # delete data
  $client->del( 'bucket_name', 'key_name');

  # list keys in stream
  $client->get_keys(foo => sub{
     my ($key, $done) = @_;

     # you should use another client inside this callback!
     $another_client->del(foo => $key);

  });

DESCRIPTION

Riak::Client is a fast and light Perl client for Riak using PBC interface

It supports operations like ping, get, exists, put, del, secondary indexes (so-called 2i) setting and querying, and Map Reduce querying.

It started as a fork of Riak::Light to fix some bugs, but actually ended up in a complete rewrite with more features, but the same performance.

ATTRIBUTES

host

Str, Required. Riak IP or hostname.

port

Int, Required. Port of the PBC interface.

r

Int, Default 2. R value setting for this client.

w

Int, Default 2. W value setting for this client.

dw

Int, Default 1. DW value setting for this client.

connection_timeout

Float, Default 5. Timeout for connection operation, in seconds. Set to 0 for no timeout.

read_timeout

Float, Default 5. Timeout for read operation, in seconds. Set to 0 for no timeout.

no_delay

Boolean, Default 0. If set to a true value, TCP_NODELAY will be enabled on the socket, which means deactivating Nagle's algorithm. Use only if you know what you're doing.

no_auto_connect

Bool, Default 0. If set to true, then the module won't automatically connect upon instanciation. Instead, you'll have to call connect() yourself.

METHODS

connect

  $client->connect();
  $client->connect($coderef);

Connects to the Riak server. On error, will raise an exception. This is automatically done when new() is called, unless the no_auto_connect attribute is set to true. Accepts an optional callback, that will be executed when connected.

ping( [$cb->()] )

 my $result = $client->ping();
 $client->ping(sub { print "ping successful\n" });

Performs a ping operation. On error, will raise an exception. Accepts an optional callback (a CodeRef), that will be executed upon completion.

  # an other example
  use Try::Tiny;
  try { $client->ping() } catch { "oops... something is wrong: $_" };

See also is_alive().

is_alive( [$cb->($bool)] )

 my $is_alive = $client->is_alive();
 $client->is_alive($coderef);

Checks if the connection is alive. Returns true or false. On error, will raise an exception. Accepts an optional callback, that will be executed upon completion.

get( $bucket, $key, [$cb->($value)] )

  my $value = $client->get($bucket, $key);
  $client->get($bucket, $key, $coderef);

Performs a fetch operation. Expects bucket and key names. Returns the value. On error, will raise an exception. Accepts an optional callback, that will be called upon completion, with the value as first argument. If the content_type of the fetched value is 'application/json', automatically decodes the JSON into a Perl structure. If you need the raw data you can use get_raw.

get_raw( $bucket, $key, [$cb->($value)] )

  my $value = $client->get_raw($bucket, $key);
  $client->get_raw($bucket, $key, $coderef);

Same as get, but no automatic JSON decoding will be performed. If you want JSON to be automatically decoded, you should use get() instead.

  $client->put($bucket, $key, $value);
  $client->put($bucket, $key, $value, $coderef);
  $client->put($bucket, $key, $value, $mime_type, $coderef);
  $client->put($bucket, $key, $value, $mime_type, $secondary_indexes, $coderef);
  $client->put($bucket, $key, $value, $mime_type, $secondary_indexes, $links, $coderef);

Performs a store operation. Expects bucket and key names, the value, the content type (optional, default is 'application/json'), the indexes to set for this value (optional, default is none), the links to set for this value (optional, default is none), and an optional coderef. On error, will raise an exception

Will encode the structure in json string if necessary. If you need to store the raw data you should use put_raw instead.

IMPORTANT: all the index field names should end by either _int or _bin, depending if the index type is integer or binary.

To query secondary indexes, see query_index.

  $client->put('bucket', 'key', { some_values => [1,2,3] });
  $client->put('bucket', 'key', { some_values => [1,2,3] }, 'application/json');
  $client->put('bucket', 'key', 'text', 'plain/text');

  # you can set secondary indexes (2i)
  $client->put( 'bucket', 'key', 'text_value', 'plain/text',
                { field1_bin => 'abc', field2_int => 42 }
              );
  $client->put( 'bucket', 'key', { some_values => [1,2,3] }, undef,
                { field1_bin => 'abc', field2_int => 42 }
              );

  # you can also set links
  $client->put( 'bucket', 'key', 'text', 'plain/text', undef,
                { link_tag1 => 'bucket/key',
                  link_tag2 => 'other_bucket/key',
                }
              );

  # you can set multiple links for the same tag
  $client->put( 'bucket', 'key', 'text', 'plain/text', undef,
                { link_tag1 => [ qw( bucket/key bucket2/key2 ) ],
                  link_tag2 => 'other_bucket/key',
                }
              );

  # you can also use this form (marginally faster)
  $client->put( 'bucket', 'key', 'text', 'plain/text', undef,
                [ { tag => 'link_tag1', bucket => 'bucket1', key => 'key1'},
                  { tag => 'link_tag2', bucket => 'bucket2', key => 'key2'},
                ],
              );
  $client->put_raw('bucket', 'key', encode_json({ some_values => [1,2,3] }), 'application/json');
  $client->put_raw('bucket', 'key', 'text');
  $client->put_raw('bucket', 'key', 'text', undef, {field_bin => 'foo'});
  $client->put_raw('bucket', 'key', 'text', undef, {field_bin => 'foo'}, $links);

For more example, see put.

Perform a store operation. Expects bucket and key names, the value, the content type (optional, default is 'plain/text'), the indexes (optional, default is none), and links (optional, default is none) to set for this value

This method won't encode the data, but pass it as such, trusting it's in the type you've indicated in the passed content-type. If you want the structure to be automatically encoded, use put instead.

IMPORTANT: all the index field names should end by either _int or _bin, depending if the index type is integer or binary.

To query secondary indexes, see query_index.

del ( $bucket, $key, [ $cb->() ] )

  $client->del(bucket => key);

Perform a delete operation. Expects bucket and key names.

get_keys( $bucket, $cb->($key, $bool) )

  # in default mode
  $client->get_keys(foo => sub{
     my ($key, $done) = @_;
     # you should use another client inside this callback!
     $another_client->del(foo => $key);
  });

WARNING, this method should not be called on a production Riak cluster, as it can have a big performance impact. See Riak's documentation.

WARNING, because Riak doesn't handles pipelining, you cannot use the same Riak::Client instance inside the callback, it would raise an exception.

Perform a list keys operation. Receive a callback and will call it for each key. The callback will receive two arguments: the key, and a boolean indicating if it's the last key.

The callback is optional. If not provided get_keys() will return an ArrayRef of all the keys. Don't do that, and always provide a callback, to avoid your RAM usage to skyrocket...

exists($bucket, $key, [ $cb->($bool) ] )

  $client->exists(bucket => 'key') or warn "key not found";

Perform a fetch operation but with head => 0, and the if there is something stored in the bucket/key.

query_index( $bucket, $index, $value, [ $cb->($key) ] )

Perform a secondary index (2i) query. Expects a bucket name, the index field name, the index value you're searching on, and optionally a callback.

If a callback has been provided, doesn't return anything, but executes the callback on each matching keys. callback will receive the key name as first argument. key name will also be in $_. If no callback is provided, returns and ArrayRef of matching keys.

The index value you're searching on can be of two types. If it's a Scalar, an exact match query will be performed. if the value is an ArrayRef, then a range query will be performed, the first element in the array will be the range_min, the second element the range_max. other elements will be ignored.

Based on the example in put, here is how to query it:

  # exact match
  my $matching_keys = $client->query_index( 'bucket',  'field2_int', 42 ),

  # range match
  my $matching_keys = $client->query_index( 'bucket',  'field2_int', [ 40, 50] ),

  # range match with callback
  $client->query_index( 'bucket',  'field2_int', [ 40, 50], sub { print "key : $_" } ),

get_buckets( [ $cb->($buckets) ] )

WARNING, this method should not be called on a production Riak cluster, as it can have a big performance impact. See Riak's documentation.

get_bucket_props($bucket, [ $cb->($properties) ] )

set_bucket_props($bucket, $properties)

map_reduce

Perform a map/reduce operation.

  # using a javascript function
  my $json_hash = {
      inputs => 'training',
      query => [{
        map => {
          language =>"javascript",
          source =>"function(riakObject) {
            var val = riakObject.values[0].data.match(/pizza/g);
            return [[riakObject.key, (val ? val.length : 0 )]];
          }"
        }
      }]
  };

  # using an erlang function
  my $json_hash = {
      inputs => 'messages',
      query => [{
        map => {
          language => 'erlang',
          module => 'mr_example',
          function => 'get_keys'
        }
      }]
  };

  $client->map_reduce($json_hash, sub { ... });

map_reduce_raw

BENCHMARKS

Note: These benchmarks are the one provided by Riak::Light.

GETS

                                  Rate Data::Riak (REST) Riak::Tiny (REST) Net::Riak (REST) Data::Riak::Fast (REST) Net::Riak (PBC) Riak::Client Riak::Light (PBC) Riak::Client (PBC)
  Data::Riak (REST)              427/s                --              -30%             -31%                    -43%            -65%                           -90%               -91%
  Riak::Tiny (REST)              611/s               43%                --              -2%                    -19%            -51%                           -86%               -87%
  Net::Riak (REST)               623/s               46%                2%               --                    -17%            -50%                           -86%               -87%
  Data::Riak::Fast (REST)        755/s               77%               24%              21%                      --            -39%                           -83%               -84%
  Net::Riak (PBC)               1238/s              190%              103%              99%                     64%              --                           -72%               -74%
  Riak::Light (PBC)             4348/s              917%              612%             598%                    476%            251%                             --                -8%
  Riak::Client (PBC)            4706/s             1001%              671%             655%                    524%            280%                             8%                 --

PUTS

                                  Rate Net::Riak (REST) Data::Riak (REST) Riak::Tiny (REST) Data::Riak::Fast (REST) Net::Riak (PBC) Riak::Light (PBC) Riak::Client (PBC)
  Net::Riak (REST)               542/s               --              -15%              -29%                    -55%            -57%              -90%               -92%
  Data::Riak (REST)              635/s              17%                --              -17%                    -47%            -49%              -89%               -90%
  Riak::Tiny (REST)              765/s              41%               20%                --                    -36%            -39%              -86%               -88%
  Data::Riak::Fast (REST)       1198/s             121%               89%               57%                      --             -4%              -79%               -82%
  Net::Riak (PBC)               1254/s             131%               97%               64%                      5%              --              -78%               -81%
  Riak::Light (PBC)             5634/s             939%              787%              637%                    370%            349%                --               -14%
  Riak::Client (PBC)            6557/s            1110%              933%              757%                    448%            423%               16%                 --

SEE ALSO

Net::Riak

Data::Riak

Data::Riak::Fast

Action::Retry

Riak::Light

CONTRIBUTORS

Ivan Kruglov <ivan.kruglov@yahoo.com>

AUTHOR

Damien Krotkine <dams@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is copyright (c) 2014 by Damien Krotkine.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.