Mikhael Goikhman

NAME

SMB::Auth - Authentication mechanisms for SMB (NTLMSSP and more)

SYNOPSIS

        use SMB::Auth;

        # usually only one side is needed, not both like here
        my $server_auth = SMB::Auth->new;
        my $client_auth = SMB::Auth->new;

        $server_auth->load_user_passwords("p.txt") or
                $server_auth->set_user_passwords({ tom => '%#' });

        # Negotiate Response
        my $buffer = $server_auth->generate_spnego;
        # suppose security-buffer is sent/received over network
        $client_auth->process_spnego($buffer) or die;

        # SessionSetup Request 1
        $buffer = $client_auth->generate_spnego(host => 'client');
        $server_auth->process_spnego($buffer) or die;

        # SessionSetup Response 1
        $buffer = $server_auth->generate_spnego(host => 'server');
        $client_auth->process_spnego($buffer) or die;

        # SessionSetup Request 2
        $buffer = $client_auth->generate_spnego(
                username => 'tom',
                password => '%#',
                domain => 'galaxy',
        );
        $server_auth->process_spnego($buffer)
                or die "Failed to verify user password";

        # SessionSetup Response 2
        $buffer = $server_auth->generate_spnego();
        $client_auth->process_spnego($buffer)
                or die "Server didn't authenticate us";

ABSTRACT

SMB supports multiple mechanisms for authentication. Kerberos and NTLMSSP are the main mechanisms. The messages are encoded into security buffer of Negotiate response and SessionSetup requests/responses using ASN1 (Abstract Syntax Notation One) encoding and GSS-API (Generic Security Service API) or SPNEGO (Simple Protected Negotiation).

NTLMSSP stands for NT LAN Manager Security Support Provider. This is a binary messaging protocol utilizing NTLM authentication. NTLM is a challenge response authentication, NTLMv1 uses a server challenge, and NTLMv2 adds a client challenge. NTLMSSP is used when Kerberos can't be used or in some special cases, for example when a share is specified using IP rather than hostname, or a server does not belong to a domain.

DESCRIPTION

This class implement a client and a server authentication using NTLMSSP.

This is implemented as a state machine. A client must alternatively call process_spnego and generate_spnego, a server must alternatively call generate_spnego and process_spnego.

The authentication steps are usually:

        INITIAL (listing supported mechanisms in Negotiate Response)
        NTLMSSP_NEGOTIATE (first SessionSetup request)
        NTLMSSP_CHALLENGE (first SessionSetup response)
        NTLMSSP_AUTH (second SessionSetup request)
        FINAL (second SessionSetup response, success or logon failure)

This class inherits from SMB, so msg, err, mem, dump, auto-created field accessor and other methods are available as well.

METHODS

new

Class constructor. Creates an instance of SMB::Auth.

set_user_passwords HASH

Defines user passwords for a server implementation.

Each HASH key is a user name. Each HASH value is either a scalar, in which case it is taken as a plain password, or ARRAY of two 16-byte blobs (LM password hash and NTLM password hash).

load_user_passwords PASSWD_FILENAME

Initializes user passwords for a server from a file containing users with their password hashes. The file format is USERNAME:LM_PASSWORD_HEX_HASH+NTLM_PASSWORD_HEX_HASH, like test:aebd4de384c7ec43aad3b435b51404ee7a21990fcd3d759941e45c490f143d5f

File lines in a different format are ignored without a warning.

Returns undef on file reading problem, and the number of users loaded otherwise. Note, that 0 is returned as a false value with no magic, since this usually means an error (like a non-passwd file).

process_spnego BUFFER [OPTIONS]

A client or a server should call this method after receiving security BUFFER in Negotiate response or SessionSetup request or SessionSetup response.

Options: flag "is_initial" if given, instructs to restart the state machine (it must be specified on the second Negotiate response if any).

generate_spnego [OPTIONS]

A client or a server should call this method to generate security buffer for Negotiate response or SessionSetup request or SessionSetup response.

Options: flag "is_initial" if given, instructs to restart the state machine (it must be specified on the second Negotiate response if any).

Other options may be required depending on the state: "host", "domain", "username", "password" (strings in utf-8), "lm_password_hash", "ntlm_password_hash" (16-byte blobs).

INTERNAL METHODS

is_user_authenticated

This may be explicitly called by a server to determine whether it received valid challenge/username/password response from a client after SessionSetup request with NTLMSSP_AUTH. The server starts from the user password (or its hash) and encrypts it in the same way the client does it, then compares the result with the received HMAC.

Returns true if the user/client is authenticated. On false, server implementations should usually return STATUS_LOGON_FAILURE.

Instead of explicitly calling this method a server implementation may just check the return value of the corresponding process_spnego, that is undef upon user logon failure.

FUNCTIONS

No functions are exported, they may be called as SMB::Auth::FUNC_NAME.

create_lm_hash PASSWORD
create_ntlm_hash PASSWORD

Creates LM or NTLM password hash (16-byte blob) from a plain password.

create_lm_response LM_HASH SERVER_CHALLENGE
create_ntlmv2_hash NTLM_HASH USERNAME DOMAIN
create_lmv2_response NTLM_HASH USERNAME DOMAIN SERVER_CHALLENGE
create_ntlmv2_response NTLM_HASH USERNAME DOMAIN SERVER_CHALLENGE

These internal functions expose the NTLM authentication details.

get_user_passwd_line USERNAME PASSWORD

May be used to create user password file loaded by a server.

Returns a string (without end-of-line) for USERNAME and PASSWORD in passwd file format.

parse_asn1 ASN1

This internal function is used by process_spnego.

Returns perl structure given the ASN1 bytes (ARRAY).

generate_asn1 TAG CONTENT ...

This internal function is used by generate_spnego.

Returns ASN1 bytes (ARRAY) given the nested perl structure specified by TAG and CONTENT(s).

SEE ALSO

SMB::Crypt, SMB.

AUTHOR

Mikhael Goikhman <migo@cpan.org>