Scott Walters
and 1 contributors


SOAP::WSDL::Server - WSDL based SOAP server base class


Don't use directly, use the SOAP::WSDL::Server::* subclasses instead.


SOAP::WSDL::Server basically follows the architecture sketched below (though dispatcher classes are not implemented yet)

 SOAP Request           SOAP Response
       |                     ^
       V                     |
 |       SOAP::WSDL::Server                 |
 |  --------------------------------------  |
 | | Transport Class                      | |
 | |--------------------------------------| |
 | | Deserializer       | Serializer      | |
 | |--------------------------------------| |
 | | Dispatcher                           | |
 |  --------------------------------------  |
      | calls                 ^
      v                       | returns
  |   Handler                           |

All of the components (Transport class, deserializer, dispatcher and serializer) are implemented as plugins.

The architecture is not implemented as planned yet, but the dispatcher is currently part of SOAP::WSDL::Server, which aggregates serializer and deserializer, and is subclassed by transport classes (of which SOAP::WSDL::Server::CGI is the only implemented one yet).

The dispatcher is currently based on the SOAPAction header. This does not comply to the WS-I basic profile, which declares the SOAPAction as optional.

The final dispatcher will be based on wire signatures (i.e. the classes of the deserialized messages).

A hash-based dispatcher could be implemented by examining the top level hash keys.


Builtin exceptions

SOAP::WSDL::Server handles the following errors itself:

In case of errors, a SOAP Fault containing an appropriate error message is returned.

  • XML parsing errors

  • Configuration errors

Throwing exceptions

The proper way to throw a exception is just to die - SOAP::WSDL::Server::CGI catches the exception and sends a SOAP Fault back to the client.

If you want more control over the SOAP Fault sent to the client, you can die with a SOAP::WSDL::SOAP::Fault11 object - or just let the SOAP::Server's deserializer create one for you:

 my $soap = MyServer::SomeService->new();

 die $soap->get_deserializer()->generate_fault({
    code => 'SOAP-ENV:Server',
    role => 'urn:localhost',
    message => "The error message to pas back",
    detail => "Some details on the error",

You may use any other object as exception, provided it has a serialize() method which returns the object's XML representation.


To write a transport-specific SOAP Server, you should subclass SOAP::WSDL::Server.

See the SOAP::WSDL::Server::* modules for examples.

A SOAP Server must call the following method to actually handle the request:


Handles the SOAP request.

Returns the response message as XML.

Expects a HTTP::Request object as only parameter.

You may use any other object as parameter, as long as it implements the following methods:

  • header

    Called as header('SOAPAction'). Must return the corresponding HTTP header.

  • content

    Returns the request message


Copyright 2004-2008 Martin Kutter.

This file is part of SOAP-WSDL. You may distribute/modify it under the same terms as perl itself


Martin Kutter <martin.kutter>


 $Rev: 391 $
 $LastChangedBy: kutterma $
 $Id: 391 2007-11-17 21:56:13Z kutterma $
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