++ed by:

2 non-PAUSE users.

Lance Wicks

NAME

Scientist - Test new code against old.

DESCRIPTION

Perl module inspired by https://github.com/github/scientist ( http://githubengineering.com/scientist/ )

SYNOPSIS

  use feature qw(say);
  use Scientist;

  sub old_code {
    return 10;
  }

  sub new_code {
    return 20;
  }

  my $experiment = Scientist->new(
    experiment => 'MyTest',
    use => \&old_code,
    try => \&new_code,
  );

  my $answer = $experiment->run;

  say "The number ten is $answer";
  warn 'There was a mismatch between control and candidate'
    if $experiment->result->{'mismatched'};

  say 'Timings:';
  say 'Control code:   ', $experiment->result->{control}{duration}, ' microseconds';
  say 'Candidate code: ', $experiment->result->{candidate}{duration}, ' microseconds';

Introduction

This module is inspired by the Scientist ruby code released by GitHub under the MIT license in 2015/2016.

In February 2016, I started writing this Perl module to bring similar ideas to Perl.

Please get involved with this module. Contact lancew@cpan.org with ideas, suggestions; support, etc.

This code is also released under the MIT license to match the original Ruby implementation.

Methods / Attributes

context(<HASHREF>)

Provide contextual information for the experiment; will be returned in the result set.

Should be a hashref.

enabled(<TRUE>|<FALSE>)

DEFAULT : TRUE

Boolean switch to enable or disable the experiment. If disabled the experiment will only return the control code (use) result. The candidate code (try) will NOT be executed. The results set will not be populated.

experiment(<STRING>)

DEFAULT : name()'s output

Simply the name of the experiment included in the result set.

publish

Publish is a method called by ->run().

Scientist is designed so that you create your own personalised My::Scientist module and extend publish to do what you want/need. For example, to push timing and mismatch information to StatsD.

use(<CODEREF>)

Control code to be included in the experiment.

This code will be executed and returned when the experiment is run.

NB: This code is run and returned even if the experiment's enabled=false.

result()

Result contains the result of the experiment after it is run.

Will contain data only AFTER ->run() has been called.

Observation is included in the result, this includes matched/mismatched. If there was a mismatch, then a diagnostic will be made available. This will display what was expected (from the control) and what we got instead (from the candidate).

run()

This method executes the control (use) code. If the experiment is enabled, will also run the candidate (try) code. The control and candidate code is run in random order.

try(<CODEREF>)

Candidate code to be included in the experiment.

This code will be executed and discarded when the experiment is run.

Functions

name(<STRING>)

DEFAULT : 'experiment'

The default string name of the experiment. Intended to be optionally overriden in a subclass.

Extending Publish

You can create your own Scientist module and use it to create a custom publishing methodology.

Below is a small example that pushes mismatch info and timings to StatsD:

My/Scientist.pm

  package My::Scientist;
  use parent 'Scientist';

  use Net::Statsd;

  sub publish {
    my $self = shift;

    my $experiment = $self->result->{experiment};
    # Increment counter for every match or mismatch
    Net::Statsd::increment("$experiment.mismatch") if $self->result->{mismatched};
    Net::Statsd::increment("$experiment.match") unless $self->result->{mismatched};

    # Log timings (converting Scientist microsends to StatsD miliseconds)
    # Note: This implementation rounds down the duration.
    Net::Statsd::timing("$experiment.control",   int $self->result->{control}{duration} * 1_000);
    Net::Statsd::timing("$experiment.candidate", int $self->result->{candidate}{duration} * 1_000);
  }

  1;

SomePerlScript.pl

  use strict;
  use warnings;

  use My::Scientist;

  my $experiment = My::Scientist->new(
    experiment => 'MyTest',
    use        => \&old_code,
    try        => \&new_code,
  );

  my $result = $experiment->run;

AUTHOR

Lance Wicks <lancew@cpan.org>

CONTRIBUTORS

James Raspass

Joshua Keroes

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

This software is Copyright (c) 2016 by Lance Wicks.

This is free software, licensed under:

  The MIT (X11) License

The MIT License

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the "Software"), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.

THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS", WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE AND NONINFRINGEMENT. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS OR COPYRIGHT HOLDERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY CLAIM, DAMAGES OR OTHER LIABILITY, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, ARISING FROM, OUT OF OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE SOFTWARE OR THE USE OR OTHER DEALINGS IN THE SOFTWARE.

SEE ALSO

http://www.infoq.com/news/2016/02/github-scientist-refactoring

http://githubengineering.com/scientist/

https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=11104781

https://github.com/ziyasal/scientist.js

http://tech-blog.cv-library.co.uk/2016/03/03/introducing-scientist/