Test::Synopsis - Test your SYNOPSIS code


  # xt/synopsis.t (with Module::Install::AuthorTests)
  use Test::Synopsis;

  # Or, run safe without Test::Synopsis
  use Test::More;
  eval "use Test::Synopsis";
  plan skip_all => "Test::Synopsis required for testing" if $@;


Test::Synopsis is an (author) test module to find .pm or .pod files under your lib directory and then make sure the example snippet code in your SYNOPSIS section passes the perl compile check.

Note that this module only checks the perl syntax (by wrapping the code with sub) and doesn't actually run the code, UNLESS that code is a BEGIN {} block or a use statement.

Suppose you have the following POD in your module.

  =head1 NAME

  Awesome::Template - My awesome template

  =head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Awesome::Template;

    my $template = Awesome::Template->new;


An user of your module would try copy-paste this synopsis code and find that this code doesn't compile because there's a typo in your variable name $tempalte. Test::Synopsis will catch that error before you ship it.


Sometimes you might want to put some undeclared variables in your synopsis, like:

  =head1 SYNOPSIS

    use Data::Dumper::Names;
    print Dumper($scalar, \@array, \%hash);

This assumes these variables like $scalar are defined elsewhere in module user's code, but Test::Synopsis, by default, will complain that these variables are not declared:

    Global symbol "$scalar" requires explicit package name at ...

In this case, you can add the following POD sequence elsewhere in your POD:

  =for test_synopsis
  no strict 'vars'

Or more explicitly,

  =for test_synopsis
  my($scalar, @array, %hash);

Test::Synopsis will find these =for blocks and these statements are prepended before your SYNOPSIS code when being evaluated, so those variable name errors will go away, without adding unnecessary bits in SYNOPSIS which might confuse users.


You can use a BEGIN{} block in the =for test_synopsis to check for specific conditions (e.g. if a module is present), and possibly skip the test.

If you die() inside the BEGIN{} block and the die message begins with sequence SKIP: (note the colon at the end), the test will be skipped for that document.

  =head1 SYNOPSIS

  =for test_synopsis BEGIN { die "SKIP: skip this pod, it's horrible!\n"; }

      $x; # undeclared variable, but we skipped the test!





  all_synopsis_ok( dump_all_code_on_error => 1 );

Checks the SYNOPSIS code in all your modules. Takes optional arguments as key/value pairs. Possible arguments are as follows:


  all_synopsis_ok( dump_all_code_on_error => 1 );

Takes true or false values as a value. Defaults to: false. When set to a true value, if an error is discovered in the SYNOPSIS code, the test will dump the entire snippet of code it tried to test. Use this if you want to copy/paste and play around with the code until the error is fixed.

The dumped code will include any of the =for code you specified (see "VARIABLE DECLARATIONS" section above) as well as a few internal bits this test module uses to make SYNOPSIS code checking possible.

Note: you will likely have to remove the # and a space at the start of each line (perl -pi -e 's/^#\s//;' TEMP_FILE_WITH_CODE)


  use Test::More tests => 1;
  use Test::Synopsis;

Lets you test a single file. Note: you must setup your own plan if you use this subroutine (e.g. with use Test::More tests => 1;). Takes a list of filenames for documents containing SYNOPSIS code to test.


This module will not check code past the __END__ or __DATA__ tokens, if one is present in the SYNOPSIS code.

This module will actually execute use statements and any code you specify in the BEGIN {} blocks in the SYNOPSIS.

If you're using HEREDOCs in your SYNOPSIS, you will need to place the ending of the HEREDOC at the same indent as the first line of the code of your SYNOPSIS.

Redefinition warnings can be turned off with

  =for test_synopsis
  no warnings 'redefine';


Fork this module on GitHub:


To report bugs or request features, please use

If you can't access GitHub, you can email your request to bug-Test-Synopsis at


Tatsuhiko Miyagawa <>

Goro Fuji blogged about the original idea at based on the testing code taken from Test::Weaken.


Zoffix Znet <cpan (at)>



This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


This library is Copyright (c) Tatsuhiko Miyagawa


Test::Pod, Test::UseAllModules, Test::Inline, Test::Synopsis::Expectation