Text::ANSI::WideUtil - Routines for text containing ANSI color codes (wide-character functions only)


This document describes version 0.232 of Text::ANSI::WideUtil (from Perl distribution Text-ANSI-WideUtil), released on 2021-04-14.


 use Text::ANSI::WideUtil qw(

 # calculate visual width of text if printed on terminal (can handle Unicode
 # wide characters and exclude the ANSI color codes)
 say ta_mbswidth("\e[31mred");  # => 3
 say ta_mbswidth("\e[31m红色"); # => 4

 # ditto, but also return the number of lines
 say ta_mbswidth_height("\e[31mred\n红色"); # => [4, 2]

 # wrap text to a certain column width, handle ANSI color codes
 say ta_mbwrap(...);

 # pad (left, right, center) text to a certain width
 say ta_mbpad(...);

 # truncate text to a certain width while still passing ANSI color codes
 say ta_mbtrunc(...);

 # get substring, like ta_substr()
 my $substr = ta_mbsubstr("...", $pos, $len);

 # return text but with substring replaced with replacement
 say ta_mbsubstr("...", $pos, $len, $replacement);


This module contains the wide-character variant (ta_mb*()) for some functions in Text::ANSI::Util. It is split so only this module requires Text::WideChar::Util and Text::ANSI::Util can be kept slim.


ta_mbpad($text, $width[, $which[, $padchar[, $truncate]]]) => STR

Pad <$text> to $width. Like ta_pad() but it uses ta_mbswidth() to determine visual width instead of ta_length(). See documentation for ta_pad() for more details on the other arguments.

ta_mbtrunc($text, $width) => STR

Truncate $text to $width. Like ta_trunc() but it uses ta_mbswidth() to determine visual width instead of ta_length().

ta_mbswidth($text) => INT

Return visual width of $text (in number of columns) if printed on terminal. Equivalent to Text::WideChar::Util::mbswidth(ta_strip($text)). This function can be used e.g. in making sure that your text aligns vertically when output to the terminal in tabular/table format.

Note that ta_mbswidth() handles multiline text correctly, e.g.: ta_mbswidth("foo\nbarbaz") gives 6 instead of 3-1+8 = 8. It splits the input text first with /\r?\n/ as separator.

ta_mbswidth_height($text) => [INT, INT]

Like ta_mbswidth(), but also gives height (number of lines). For example, ta_mbswidth_height("西爪哇\nb\n") gives [6, 3].

ta_mbwrap($text, $width, \%opts) => STR

Like ta_wrap(), but it uses ta_mbswidth() to determine visual width instead of ta_length().

Performance: ~300/s on my Core i5 1.7GHz laptop for a ~1KB of text (with zero to moderate amount of color codes). As a comparison, Text::WideChar::Util's mbwrap() can do about 650/s.

ta_mbsubstr($text, $pos, $len[ , $replacement ]) => STR

Like ta_substr(), but handles wide characters. $pos is counted in visual width, not number of characters.


Why split functionalities of wide character and color support into multiple modules/distributions?

Performance (see numbers in the function description), dependency (Unicode::GCString is used for wide character support), and overhead (loading Unicode::GCString).

How do I truncate string based on number of characters instead of columns?

You can simply use ta_trunc() even on text containing wide characters. ta_trunc() uses Perl's length() which works on a per-character basis.


Please visit the project's homepage at


Source repository is at


Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.


Text::ANSI::Util, Text::WideChar::Util, Text::NonWideChar::Util, Text::Wrap, String::Pad

CLI's that use functions from this module include: dux from App::dux (dux wrap, dux lpad, dux rpad).


perlancar <>


This software is copyright (c) 2021, 2020, 2015 by

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.