Text::Chart - Generate text-based chart


This document describes version 0.041 of Text::Chart (from Perl distribution Text-Chart), released on 2021-04-10.


 use Text::Chart qw(gen_text_chart);

Bar chart:

 my $res = gen_text_chart(
     data => [1, 5, 3, 9, 2],
     type => 'bar',

will produce this:


Adding data labels and showing data values:

 my $res = gen_text_chart(
     data => [["Andi",1], ["Budi",5], ["Cinta",3], ["Dewi",9], ["Edi",2]],
     type => 'bar',
     show_data_label => 1,
     show_data_value => 1,


 Andi |*         (1)
 Budi |*****     (5)
 Cinta|***       (3)
 Dewi |********* (9)
 Edi  |**        (2)

Column chart:

 my $res = gen_text_chart(
     data => [["Andi",1], ["Budi",5], ["Cinta",3], ["Dewi",9], ["Edi",2]],
     type => 'column',
     show_data_label => 1,


        *            *
        *            *
  *     *      *     *
  *     *      *     *     *
  *     *      *     *     *
 Andi  Budi  Cinta  Dewi  Edi

Sparkline chart:

 my $res = gen_text_chart(
     data => [["Andi",1], ["Budi",5], ["Cinta",3], ["Dewi",9], ["Edi",2]],
     type => 'column',
     show_data_label => 1,

 my $res = gen_text_chart(
     data => [1.5, 0.5, 3.5, 2.5, 5.5, 4.5, 7.5, 6.5],
     type => 'sparkline',



Plotting multiple data columns:



THIS IS AN EARLY RELEASE, MANY FEATURES ARE NOT YET IMPLEMENTED. Currently only sparkline chart is implemented. Showing data labels and data values are not yet implemented.

This module lets you generate text-based charts.




 gen_text_chart(%args) -> str

Generate text-based chart.

This function is not exported by default, but exportable.

Arguments ('*' denotes required arguments):

  • chart_height => float

  • chart_width => float

  • data* => array[num]|array[array]|array[hash]

    (Table) data to chart.

    Either in the form of array of numbers, example:


    or an array of arrays (there must be at least one number columns), example:

     [["China",1366],["India",1248],["United Status",319], ["Indonesia",252]]

    or an array of hashes (there must be at least one key which consistently contain numbers), example:

     [{country=>"China"        , population=>1366},
      {country=>"India"        , population=>1248},
      {country=>"United Status", population=> 319},
      {country=>"Indonesia"    , population=> 252}]

    All data needs to be in table form (where there are notions of rows and columns/fields). Array data is assumed to be a single-column table with the column named data. Array of arrays will have columns named column0, column1 and so on. Array of hashes will have columns named according to the hash keys.

  • data_column => str|array[str]

    Which column(s) contain data to plot.

    Multiple data columns are supported.

  • label_column => str

    Which column contains data labels.

    If not specified, the first non-numeric column will be selected.

  • spec => hash

    Table specification, according to TableDef.

  • type* => str

    Chart type.

Return value: (str)


Why am I getting 'Wide character in print/say' warning?

You are probably printing Unicode characters to STDOUT without doing something like this beforehand:

 binmode(STDOUT, ":utf8");


Please visit the project's homepage at


Source repository is at


Please report any bugs or feature requests on the bugtracker website

When submitting a bug or request, please include a test-file or a patch to an existing test-file that illustrates the bug or desired feature.


Text::Graph, a mature CPAN module for doing text-based graphs. Before writing Text::Chart I used this module for a while, but ran into the problem of weird generated graphs. In addition, I don't like the way Text::Graph draws things, e.g. a data value of 1 is drawn as zero-width bar, or the label separator : is always drawn. So I decided to write an alternative charting module instead. Compared to Text::Graph, here are the things I want to add or do differently as well: functional (non-OO) interface, colors, Unicode, resampling, more chart types like sparkline, animation and some interactivity (perhaps).

App::tchart, a CLI for Text::Chart.


perlancar <>


This software is copyright (c) 2021, 2017, 2015, 2014 by

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.