Text::Typography - Markup ASCII text with correct typography for HTML
use Text::Typography qw(typography);
This module is a thin wrapper for John Gruber's SmartyPants plugin for various CMSs.
SmartyPants is a web publishing utility that translates plain ASCII punctuation characters into "smart" typographic punctuation HTML entities. SmartyPants can perform the following transformations:
Straight quotes ( " and ' ) into "curly" quote HTML entities
Backticks-style quotes (``like this'') into "curly" quote HTML entities
Dashes (-- and ---) into en- and em-dash entities
Three consecutive dots (...) into an ellipsis entity
SmartyPants does not modify characters within <pre>, <code>, <kbd>, <script>, or <math> tag blocks. Typically, these tags are used to display text where smart quotes and other "smart punctuation" would not be appropriate, such as source code or example markup.
Returns a string marked up with the proper HTML entities for proper typography.
For fine grain control over what gets converted, use the $attributes option. The default value is 3.
The following numeric values set a group of options:
0 : do nothing
1 : set all
2 : set all, using old school en- and em- dash shortcuts (-- and ---)
3 : set all, using inverted old school en- and em- dash shortcuts (--- and --)
For even finer control, specify a string of one or more of the following characters:
q : quotes
b : backtick quotes (``double'' only)
B : backtick quotes (``double'' and `single')
d : dashes
D : old school dashes
i : inverted old school dashes
e : ellipses
w : convert " entities to " for Dreamweaver users
If you need to use literal straight quotes (or plain hyphens and periods), SmartyPants accepts the following backslash escape sequences to force non-smart punctuation. It does so by transforming the escape sequence into a decimal-encoded HTML entity:
Escape Value Character
------ ----- ---------
\\ \ \
\" " "
\' ' '
\. . .
\- - -
\` ` `
This is useful, for example, when you want to use straight quotes as foot and inch marks: 6'2" tall; a 17" iMac.
One situation in which quotes will get curled the wrong way is when apostrophes are used at the start of leading contractions. For example:
'Twas the night before Christmas.
In the case above, SmartyPants will turn the apostrophe into an opening single-quote, when in fact it should be a closing one. I don't think this problem can be solved in the general case -- every word processor I've tried gets this wrong as well. In such cases, it's best to use the proper HTML entity for closing single-quotes (’) by hand.
Thomas Sibley created this module using the code from the SmartyPants CMS plugin by John Gruber (http://daringfireball.net/projects/smartypants/).
Copyright (c) 2003 John Gruber
All rights reserved.
Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions are met:
* Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* Neither the name "SmartyPants" nor the names of its contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
This software is provided by the copyright holders and contributors "as is" and any express or implied warranties, including, but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose are disclaimed. In no event shall the copyright owner or contributors be liable for any direct, indirect, incidental, special, exemplary, or consequential damages (including, but not limited to, procurement of substitute goods or services; loss of use, data, or profits; or business interruption) however caused and on any theory of liability, whether in contract, strict liability, or tort (including negligence or otherwise) arising in any way out of the use of this software, even if advised of the possibility of such damage.
To install Text::Typography, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.