- SEE ALSO
Time::OlsonTZ::Data - Olson timezone data
use Time::OlsonTZ::Data qw(olson_version); $version = olson_version; use Time::OlsonTZ::Data qw( olson_canonical_names olson_link_names olson_all_names olson_links olson_country_selection); $names = olson_canonical_names; $names = olson_link_names; $names = olson_all_names; $links = olson_links; $countries = olson_country_selection; use Time::OlsonTZ::Data qw(olson_tzfile); $filename = olson_tzfile("America/New_York");
This module encapsulates the Olson timezone database, providing binary tzfiles and ancillary data. Each version of this module encapsulates a particular version of the timezone database. It is intended to be regularly updated, as the timezone database changes.
Returns the version number of the database that this module encapsulates. Version numbers for the Olson database currently consist of a year number and a lowercase letter, such as "
2010k"; they are not guaranteed to retain this format in the future.
Returns the version number of the code part of the database that this module encapsulates. This is now always the same as the value returned by "olson_version". Until late 2012 the database was distributed in two parts, each with their own version number, so this was a distinct piece of information.
Returns the version number of the data part of the database that this module encapsulates. This is now always the same as the value returned by "olson_version". Until late 2012 the database was distributed in two parts, each with their own version number, so this was a distinct piece of information.
Returns the set of timezone names that this version of the database defines as canonical. These are the timezone names that are directly associated with a set of observance data. The return value is a reference to a hash, in which the keys are the canonical timezone names and the values are all
Returns the set of timezone names that this version of the database defines as links. These are the timezone names that are aliases for other names. The return value is a reference to a hash, in which the keys are the link timezone names and the values are all
Returns the set of timezone names that this version of the database defines. These are the "olson_canonical_names" and the "olson_link_names". The return value is a reference to a hash, in which the keys are the timezone names and the values are all
Returns details of the timezone name links in this version of the database. Each link defines one timezone name as an alias for some other timezone name. The return value is a reference to a hash, in which the keys are the aliases and each value is the canonical name of the timezone to which that alias refers. All such canonical names can be found in the "olson_canonical_names" hash.
Returns information about how timezones relate to countries, intended to aid humans in selecting a geographical timezone. This information is derived from the
iso3166.tabfiles in the database source.
The return value is a reference to a hash, keyed by (ISO 3166 alpha-2 uppercase) country code. The value for each country is a hash containing these values:
The ISO 3166 alpha-2 uppercase country code.
An English name for the country, possibly in a modified form, optimised to help humans find the right entry in alphabetical lists. This is not necessarily identical to the country's standard short or long name. (For other forms of the name, consult a database of countries, keying by the country code.)
Information about the regions of the country that use distinct timezones. This is a hash, keyed by English description of the region. The description is empty if there is only one region. The value for each region is a hash containing these values:
Brief English description of the region, used to distinguish between the regions of a single country. Empty string if the country has only one region for timezone purposes. (This is the same string used as the key in the regions hash.)
Name of the Olson timezone used in this region. The named timezone is guaranteed to exist in the database, but not necessarily as a canonical name (it may be a link). Typically, where there are aliases or identical canonical zones, a name is chosen that refers to a location in the country of interest.
Geographical coordinates of some point within the location referred to in the timezone name. This is a latitude and longitude, in ISO 6709 format.
This data structure is intended to help a human select the appropriate timezone based on political geography, specifically working from a selection of country. It is of essentially no use for any other purpose. It is not strictly guaranteed that every geographical timezone in the database is listed somewhere in this structure, so it is of limited use in providing information about an already-selected timezone. It does not include non-geographic timezones at all. It also does not claim to be a comprehensive list of countries, and does not make any claims regarding the political status of any entity listed: the "country" classification is loose, and used only for identification purposes.
Returns the pathname of the binary tzfile (in tzfile(5) format) describing the timezone named NAME in the Olson database.
dies if the name does not exist in this version of the database. The tzfile is of at least version 2 of the format, and so does not suffer a Y2038 (32-bit time_t) problem.
The Olson timezone database probably contains errors in the older historical data. These will be corrected, as they are discovered, in future versions of the database.
Because legislatures commonly change civil timezone rules, in unpredictable ways and often with little advance notice, the current timezone data is liable to get out of date quite quickly. The Olson timezone database is frequently updated to keep it accurate for current dates. Frequently updating installations of this module from CPAN should keep it similarly accurate.
For the same reason, the future data in the database is liable to be very inaccurate. The database includes, for each timezone, the current best guess regarding its future behaviour, usually consisting of the current rules being left unchanged indefinitely. (In most cases it is unlikely that the rules will actually never be changed, but the current rules still constitute the best guess available of future behaviour.)
Because this module is intended to be frequently updated, long-running programs (such as clock displays) will experience the module being updated while in use. This can happen with any module, but is of particular interest with this one. The behaviour in this situation is not guaranteed, but here is a guide to current behaviour. The running module code is of course not influenced by the
.pm file changing. The ancillary data is all currently stored in the module code, and so will be equally unaffected. Tzfiles pointed to by the module, however, will change visibly. Newly reading a tzfile is liable to see a newer version of the zone's data than the module's metadata suggests. A tzfile could also theoretically disappear, if a zone's canonical name changes (so the former canonical name becomes a link). To avoid weirdness, it is recommended to read in all required tzfiles near the start of a program's run, so that it doesn't matter if the files subsequently change due to an update.
The Olson timezone database was compiled by Arthur David Olson, Paul Eggert, and many others. It is maintained by the denizens of the mailing list <email@example.com> (formerly <firstname.lastname@example.org>).
Time::OlsonTZ::Data Perl module wrapper for the database was developed by Andrew Main (Zefram) <email@example.com>.
The Olson timezone database is is the public domain.
Time::OlsonTZ::Data Perl module wrapper for the database is Copyright (C) 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021 Andrew Main (Zefram) <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
No license is required to do anything with public domain materials.
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.