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1 non-PAUSE user.

Mithun Ayachit

NAME

URI::Encode - Simple percent Encoding/Decoding

SYNOPSIS

    # OOP Interface
    use URI::Encode;
    my $uri     = URI::Encode->new( { encode_reserved => 0 } );
    my $encoded = $uri->encode($data);
    my $decoded = $uri->decode($encoded);

    # Functional
    use URI::Encode qw(uri_encode uri_decode);
    my $encoded = uri_encode($data);
    my $decoded = uri_decode($encoded);

DESCRIPTION

This modules provides simple URI (Percent) encoding/decoding

The main purpose of this module (at least for me) was to provide an easy method to encode strings (mainly URLs) into a format which can be pasted into a plain text emails, and that those links are 'click-able' by the person reading that email. This can be accomplished by NOT encoding the reserved characters.

This module can also be useful when using HTTP::Tiny to ensure the URLs are properly escaped.

This module does not encode reserved characters by default. If you are looking for speed and want to encode reserved characters, use URI::Escape::XS

See this script for a comparison on encoding results and performance.

METHODS

new()

Creates a new object, no arguments are required

    my $encoder = URI::Encode->new(\%options);

The following options can be passed to the constructor

encode_reserved
    my $encoder = URI::Encode->new({encode_reserved => 0});

If true, "Reserved Characters" are also encoded. Defaults to false.

double_encode
    my $encoder = URI::Encode->new({double_encode => 1});

If false, characters that are already percent-encoded will not be encoded again. Defaults to true.

    my $encoder = URI::Encode->new({double_encode => 0});
    print $encoder->encode('http://perl.com/foo%20bar'); # prints http://perl.com/foo%20bar

encode($url, \%options)

This method encodes the URL provided. The $url provided is first converted into UTF-8 before percent encoding. Options set in the constructor, or defaults, can be overrided by passing them as the (optional) second argument. Options passed must be a hashref.

    $uri->encode("http://perl.com/foo bar");
    $uri->encode( "http://perl.com/foo bar", { encode_reserved => 1 } );

decode($url)

This method decodes a 'percent' encoded URL. If you had encoded the URL using this module (or any other method), chances are that the URL was converted to UTF-8 before 'percent' encoding. Be sure to check the format and convert back if required.

    $uri->decode("http%3A%2F%2Fperl.com%2Ffoo%20bar");

EXPORTED FUNCTIONS

The following functions are exported upon request. This provides a non-OOP interface

uri_encode($url, \%options)
uri_decode($url)

CHARACTER CLASSES

Reserved Characters

The following characters are considered as reserved (RFC 3986). They will be encoded only if requested.

     ! * ' ( ) ; : @ & = + $ , / ? # [ ]

Unreserved Characters

The following characters are considered as Unreserved. They will not be encoded

    a-z
    A-Z
    0-9
    - _ . ~

DEPENDENCIES

Encode

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

Gisle Aas for URI::Escape

David Nicol for Tie::UrlEncoder

SEE ALSO

RFC 3986

URI::Escape

URI::Escape::XS

URI::Escape::JavaScript

Tie::UrlEncoder

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

Please report any bugs or feature requests at https://github.com/mithun/perl-uri-encode/issues

AUTHOR

Mithun Ayachit mithun@cpan.org

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2014, Mithun Ayachit. All rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. See perlartistic.