Win32::ChangeNotify - Monitor events related to files and directories
This document describes version 1.09 of Win32::ChangeNotify, released November 15, 2014 as part of Win32-IPC version 1.11.
$notify = Win32::ChangeNotify->new($Path,$WatchSubTree,$Events);
$notify->wait or warn "Something failed: $!\n";
# There has been a change.
This module allows the user to use a Win32 change notification event object from Perl. This allows the Perl program to monitor events relating to files and directory trees.
Unfortunately, the Win32 API which implements this feature does not provide any indication of what triggered the notification (as far as I know). If you're monitoring a directory for file changes, and you need to know which file changed, you'll have to find some other way of determining that. Depending on exactly what you're trying to do, you may be able to check file timestamps to find recently changed files. Or, you may need to cache the directory contents somewhere and compare the current contents to your cached copy when you receive a change notification.
The wait method and wait_all & wait_any functions are inherited from the Win32::IPC module.
Constructor for a new ChangeNotification object. $path is the directory to monitor. If $subtree is true, then all directories under $path will be monitored. $filter indicates what events should trigger a notification. It should be a string containing any of the following flags (separated by whitespace and/or |).
ATTRIBUTES Any attribute change
DIR_NAME Any directory name change
FILE_NAME Any file name change (creating/deleting/renaming)
LAST_WRITE Any change to a file's last write time
SECURITY Any security descriptor change
SIZE Any change in a file's size
($filter can also be an integer composed from the FILE_NOTIFY_CHANGE_* constants.)
Under Cygwin, $path must be a Windows pathname, not a Cygwin Unix-like pathname.
Shut down monitoring. You could just undef $notify instead (but close works even if there are other copies of the object). This happens automatically when your program exits.
Resets the ChangeNotification object after a change has been detected. The object will become signalled again after the next change. (It is OK to call this immediately after new, but it is not required.) Returns true if successful, or zero if it fails (additional error information can be found in $^E).
See Win32::IPC. Remember to call reset afterwards if you want to continue monitoring.
Win32::ChangeNotify still supports the ActiveWare syntax, but its use is deprecated.
$Obj = Win32::ChangeNotify->new($PathName,$WatchSubTree,$Filter)
Use $obj->reset instead.
Use $obj->close instead.
Win32::ChangeNotify requires no configuration files or environment variables.
It runs under 32-bit or 64-bit Microsoft Windows, either natively or under Cygwin.
Prior to version 1.06, the Win32 IPC modules treated undef values differently. In version 1.06 and later, passing undef as the value of an optional parameter is the same as omitting that parameter. In previous versions, undef was interpreted as either the empty string or 0 (along with a warning about "Use of uninitialized value...").
Signal handlers will not be called during the wait method. See "BUGS AND LIMITATIONS" in Win32::IPC for details.
Christopher J. Madsen <perl AT cjmweb.net>
<perl AT cjmweb.net>
Please report any bugs or feature requests to <bug-Win32-IPC AT rt.cpan.org> or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/Public/Bug/Report.html?Queue=Win32-IPC.
<bug-Win32-IPC AT rt.cpan.org>
You can follow or contribute to Win32-IPC's development at https://github.com/madsen/win32-ipc.
Loosely based on the original module by ActiveWare Internet Corp., http://www.ActiveState.com
Copyright 1998-2014 Christopher J. Madsen
Created: 3 Feb 1998 from the ActiveWare version (c) 1995 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Developed by ActiveWare Internet Corp., http://www.ActiveState.com
Other modifications (c) 1997 by Gurusamy Sarathy <gsar AT cpan.org>
This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.
BECAUSE THIS SOFTWARE IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY FOR THE SOFTWARE, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES PROVIDE THE SOFTWARE "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE SOFTWARE IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE SOFTWARE PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING, REPAIR, OR CORRECTION.
IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR REDISTRIBUTE THE SOFTWARE AS PERMITTED BY THE ABOVE LICENSE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES, INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE SOFTWARE (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE SOFTWARE TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER SOFTWARE), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
To install Win32::IPC, copy and paste the appropriate command in to your terminal.
perl -MCPAN -e shell
For more information on module installation, please visit the detailed CPAN module installation guide.