++ed by:
Mons Anderson

NAME

XML::Hash::LX - Convert hash to xml and xml to hash using LibXML

SYNOPSIS

    use XML::Hash::LX;

    my $hash = xml2hash $xmlstring, attr => '.', text => '~';
    my $hash = xml2hash $xmldoc;
    
    my $xmlstr = hash2html $hash, attr => '+', text => '#text';
    my $xmldoc = hash2html $hash, doc => 1, attr => '+';
    
    # Usage with XML::LibXML

    my $doc = XML::LibXML->new->parse_string($xml);
    my $xp  = XML::LibXML::XPathContext->new($doc);
    $xp->registerNs('rss', 'http://purl.org/rss/1.0/');

    # then process xpath
    for ($xp->findnodes('//rss:item')) {
        # and convert to hash concrete nodes
        my $item = xml2hash($_);
        print Dumper+$item
    }

DESCRIPTION

This module is a companion for XML::LibXML. It operates with LibXML objects, could return or accept LibXML objects, and may be used for easy data transformations

It is faster in parsing then XML::Simple, XML::Hash, XML::Twig and of course much slower than XML::Bare ;)

It is faster in composing than XML::Hash, but slower than XML::Simple

Parse benchmark:

               Rate   Simple     Hash     Twig Hash::LX     Bare
    Simple   11.3/s       --      -2%     -16%     -44%     -97%
    Hash     11.6/s       2%       --     -14%     -43%     -97%
    Twig     13.5/s      19%      16%       --     -34%     -96%
    Hash::LX 20.3/s      79%      75%      51%       --     -95%
    Bare      370/s    3162%    3088%    2650%    1721%       --

Compose benchmark:

               Rate     Hash Hash::LX   Simple
    Hash     49.2/s       --     -18%     -40%
    Hash::LX 60.1/s      22%       --     -26%
    Simple   81.5/s      66%      36%       --

Benchmark was done on http://search.cpan.org/uploads.rdf

EXPORT

xml2hash and hash2xml are exported by default

:inject

Inject toHash method in the namespace of XML::LibXML::Node and allow to call it on any subclass of XML::LibXML::Node directly

By default is disabled

    use XML::Hash::LX ':inject';
    
    my $doc = XML::LibXML->new->parse_string($xml);
    my $hash = $doc->toHash(%opts);

FUNCTIONS

xml2hash $xml, [ OPTIONS ]

XML could be XML::LibXML::Document, XML::LibXML::DocumentPart or string

hash2xml $hash, [ doc => 1, ] [ OPTIONS ]

Id doc option is true, then returned value is XML::LibXML::Document, not string

OPTIONS

Every option could be passed as arguments to function or set as global variable in XML::Hash::LX namespace

%XML::Hash::LX::X2H

Options respecting convertations from xml to hash

order [ = 0 ]

Strictly keep the output order. When enabled, structures become more complex, but xml could be completely reverted

attr [ = '-' ]

Attribute prefix

        <node attr="test" />  =>  { node => { -attr => "test" } }
text [ = '#text' ]

Key name for storing text

        <node>text<sub /></node>  =>  { node => { sub => '', '#text' => "test" } }
join [ = '' ]

Join separator for text nodes, splitted by subnodes

Ignored when order in effect

        # default:
        xml2hash( '<item>Test1<sub />Test2</item>' )
        : { item => { sub => '', '~' => 'Test1Test2' } };
        
        # global
        $XML::Hash::LX::X2H{join} = '+';
        xml2hash( '<item>Test1<sub />Test2</item>' )
        : { item => { sub => '', '~' => 'Test1+Test2' } };
        
        # argument
        xml2hash( '<item>Test1<sub />Test2</item>', join => '+' )
        : { item => { sub => '', '~' => 'Test1+Test2' } };
trim [ = 1 ]

Trim leading and trailing whitespace from text nodes

cdata [ = undef ]

When defined, CDATA sections will be stored under this key

        # cdata = undef
        <node><![CDATA[ test ]]></node>  =>  { node => 'test' }

        # cdata = '#'
        <node><![CDATA[ test ]]></node>  =>  { node => { '#' => 'test' } }
comm [ = undef ]

When defined, comments sections will be stored under this key

When undef, comments will be ignored

        # comm = undef
        <node><!-- comm --><sub/></node>  =>  { node => { sub => '' } }

        # comm = '/'
        <node><!-- comm --><sub/></node>  =>  { node => { sub => '', '/' => 'comm' } }

$XML::Hash::LX::X2A [ = 0 ]

Global array casing

Ignored when X2H{order} in effect

As option should be passed as

        xml2hash $xml, array => 1;

Effect:

        # $X2A = 0
        <node><sub/></node>  =>  { node => { sub => '' } }

        # $X2A = 1
        <node><sub/></node>  =>  { node => [ { sub => [ '' ] } ] }

%XML::Hash::LX::X2A

By element array casing

Ignored when X2H{order} in effect

As option should be passed as

        xml2hash $xml, array => [ nodes list ];

Effect:

        # %X2A = ()
        <node><sub/></node>  =>  { node => { sub => '' } }

        # %X2A = ( sub => 1 )
        <node><sub/></node>  =>  { node => { sub => [ '' ] } }

%XML::Hash::LX::H2X

Options respecting convertations from hash to xml

encoding [ = 'utf-8' ]

XML output encoding

attr [ = '-' ]

Attribute prefix

        { node => { -attr => "test", sub => 'test' } }
        <node attr="test"><sub>test</sub></node>
text [ = '#text' ]

Key name for storing text

        { node => { sub => '', '#text' => "test" } }
        <node>text<sub /></node>
        # or 
        <node><sub />text</node>
        # order of keys is not predictable
trim [ = 1 ]

Trim leading and trailing whitespace from text nodes

        # trim = 1
        { node => { sub => [ '    ', 'test' ], '#text' => "test" } }
        <node>test<sub>test</sub></node>

        # trim = 0
        { node => { sub => [ '    ', 'test' ], '#text' => "test" } }
        <node>test<sub>    test</sub></node>
cdata [ = undef ]

When defined, such key elements will be saved as CDATA sections

        # cdata = undef
        { node => { '#' => 'test' } } => <node><#>test</#></node> # it's bad ;)

        # cdata = '#'
        { node => { '#' => 'test' } } => <node><![CDATA[test]]></node>
comm [ = undef ]

When defined, such key elements will be saved as comment sections

        # comm = undef
        { node => { '/' => 'test' } } => <node></>test<//></node> # it's very bad! ;)

        # comm = '/'
        { node => { '/' => 'test' } } => <node><!-- test --></node>

BUGS

None known

SEE ALSO

AUTHOR

Mons Anderson, <mons at cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT & LICENSE

Copyright 2009 Mons Anderson, all rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




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