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Toru Hisai


XML::LibXML::LazyBuilder - easy and lazy way to create XML documents for XML::LibXML


  use XML::LibXML::LazyBuilder;

      package XML::LibXML::LazyBuilder;
      $d = DOM (E A => {at1 => "val1", at2 => "val2"},
                ((E B => {}, ((E "C"),
                              (E D => {}, "Content of D"))),
                 (E E => {}, ((E F => {}, "Content of F"),
                              (E "G")))));


This module significantly abridges the overhead of working with XML::LibXML by enabling developers to write concise, nested structures that evaluate into XML::LibXML objects.



    my $doc = DOM (E $name => \%attr, @children), $var, $enc;

    # With defaults, this is shorthand for:

    my $doc = E($name => \%attr,

Generates a XML::LibXML::Document object. The first argument is a CODE reference created by E. $var represents the version in the XML declaration, and $enc is the character encoding, which default to 1.0 and utf-8, respectively.


    my $sub = E tagname => \%attr, @children;

    my $doc = DOM $sub;

This function returns a CODE reference which itself evaluates to an XML::LibXML::Element object. The function returned from E expects an XML::LibXML::Document object as its only argument, which is conveniently provided by "DOM".

Using E with an existing XML document

E can also be used to compose the subtree of an existing XML element. Instead of supplying a name as the first argument of E, supply an XML::LibXML::Element object. Note, however, that any attributes present in that object will be overwritten by \%attr, and the supplied element must be bound to a document, or the function will croak. This is to ensure that the subtree is connected to the element's document and not some other document.

As such, any XML::LibXML::Document object passed into the function returned by E will be ignored in favour of the document connected to the supplied element. This also means that E($elem => \%attr, @children)->($ignored_dom); can be called in void context, because it will just return $elem.

    # parse an existing XML document
    my $doc = XML::LibXML->load_xml(location => 'my.xml');

    # find an element of interest
    my ($existing) = $doc->findnodes('//some-element[1]');

    # prepare the subtree
    my $sub = E $existing => \%attr, @children;

    # this will overwrite the attributes of $existing and append
    # @children to it; normally the document is passed as an argument
    # but in this case it would be derived from $existing.


    # we also don't care about the output of this function, since it
    # will have modified $doc, which we already have access to.

Note as well that members of @children can be XML::LibXML::Node objects.


Qualified element names and namespace declaration attributes will behave largely as expected. This means that:

    E 'foo:bar' => { 'xmlns:foo' => 'urn:x-foo:' }; # ...

...will properly induct the generated element into the foo namespace. E attempts to infer the namespace mapping from the document, so child elements with qualified names will inherit the mapping from their ancestors.

    CAVEAT: When E is executed in the context of an element name rather than with an existing XML::LibXML::Element, the namespace mappings are scanned from the context of the document root, in document order. This means that the last namespace declaration that appears in the existing document (depth-first) will occupy the given prefix. When an existing element is passed into E, the namespace search begins there and ascends to the root. If you have any concerns about collisions of namespace declarations, use that form instead.


    my $sub = P target => { key => 'value' }, @othertext;

This function returns a CODE reference which returns a processing instruction. If you pass in a HASH reference as the first argument, it will be turned into key-value pairs using double-quotes on the values. This means you have to take care of your own escaping of any double quotes that may be in the values. The rest of the arguments are concatenated into a string (intended to behave like "print" in perlfunc, which means if you want spaces between them, you likewise need to add them yourself).


    my $sub = C @text;

This function creates a CODE reference which returns a comment. Again, @text is simply concatenated, so if you wish to do any additional formatting, do so before passing it in.


    my $sub = D @text;

This function creates a CODE reference which returns a CDATA section. Works identically to "C".


    my $sub = F @children;

This function creates a CODE reference which returns a document fragment. Since "DOM" can only accept a single node-generating function, it is particularly useful for the following idiom:

    my $doc = DOM F(
        (P 'xml-stylesheet' => { type => 'text/xsl', href => '/foo.xsl' }),
        (E mydoc => {}, @children));

Which produces:

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
    <?xml-stylesheet type="text/xsl" href="/foo.xsl"?>


    my $sub = DTD $name => $public, $system;

This function creates a CODE reference which returns a DTD declaration. Both $public and $system can be undef.


None by default.


Exports "E", "P", "C", "D", "F" and "DOM".


If you nest your code in braces and use a package declaration like so, you can avoid polluting the calling package's namespace:

  my $d;
      package XML::LibXML::LazyBuilder;
      $d = DOM (E A => {at1 => "val1", at2 => "val2"},
                ((E B => {}, ((E "C"),
                              (E D => {}, "Content of D"))),
                 (E E => {}, ((E F => {}, "Content of F"),
                              (E "G")))));

Then, $d->toString will generate XML like this:

  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
  <A at1="val1" at2="val2"><B><C/><D>Content of D</D></B><E><F>Content of F</F><G/></E></A>



The Python module lxml.etree


Toru Hisai

Namespace and non-element support by Dorian Taylor


Copyright (C) 2008, 2012 by Toru Hisai

This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.10.0 or, at your option, any later version of Perl 5 you may have available.