藤 吾郎

NAME

macro - An implementation of macro processor

VERSION

This document describes macro version 0.06.

SYNOPSIS

        use macro add => sub{ $_[0] + $_[1] };
                  say => sub{ print @_, "\n"};
        say(add(1, 3)); # it's replaced into 'print do{ (1) + (3) }, "\n";'

        use macro my_if => sub{ $_[0] ? $_[1] : $_[2] };
        my_if( 0, say('true'), say('false') ); # only 'false' is printed

        sub mul{ $_[0] * $_[1] }
        use macro mul => \&mul;
        say( mul(2, 3) ); # macro version of mul()
        say(&mul(2, 3) ); # subroutine version
        say( mul 2, 3  ); # subroutine version

        # or compile only
        $ perl -c Module.pm # make Module.pmc

DESCRIPTION

The macro pragma provides macros, a sort of inline functions, which is like C pre-processor's macro.

The macros are very fast (about 200% faster than subroutines), but they have some limitations that C pre-processor's macros have, e.g. they cannot call return() expectedly, although they seem anonymous subroutines.

Try PERL_MACRO_DEBUG=2 if you want to know how this module works.

PMC Support

Modules using macro are able to compile themselves before installed, by using the Module::Install::PMC. Write the following to the Makefile.PL and the modules will be compiled at build time.

        use inc::Module::Install;
        ...
        build_requires macro => 0;
        pmc_support;
        ...

See Module::Compile and Module::Install::PMC for details.

METHODS

macro->backend()

Returns the backend module, macro::filter or macro::compiler.

macro->new()

Returns an instance of macro processor, $macro.

new(), defmacro() and process() are provided for backend modules.

$macro->defmacro(name => sub{ ... });

Defines macros into $macro.

$macro->process($source)

Processes Perl source code $source, and returns processed source code.

CONFIGURATION AND ENVIRONMENT

PERL_MACRO_DEBUG=value

Sets the debug mode.

if it's == 0, macro::compiler is used as the backend.

if it's >= 1, macro::filter is used as the backend.

If it's >= 2, all macro expansions are reported to STDERR.

INSTALL

To install this module, run the following commands:

        perl Makefile.PL
        make
        make test
        make install

DEPENDENCIES

  • Perl 5.8.1 or later.

  • PPI - Perl parser.

  • Filter::Util::Call - Source filter utility (CORE).

BUGS AND LIMITATIONS

No bugs have been reported.

Please report any bugs or feature requests to bug-macro@rt.cpan.org/, or through the web interface at http://rt.cpan.org/.

SEE ALSO

macro::JA.

macro::filter - macro.pm source filter backend.

macro::compiler - macro.pm compiler backend.

Module::Compile.

AUTHOR

Goro Fuji <gfuji(at)cpan.org>.

LICENSE AND COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2008-2009, Goro Fuji <gfuji(at)cpan.org>. Some rights reserved.

This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.




Hosting generously
sponsored by Bytemark