- SEE ALSO
Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::ExtPrivate - class for Bitcoin extended private keys
use Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::ExtPrivate; # generate mnemonic words first my $mnemonic = Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::ExtPrivate->generate_mnemonic; print "Your mnemonic is: $mnemonic"; # create ExtPrivateKey from mnemonic (without password) my $key = Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::ExtPrivate->from_mnemonic($mnemonic); my $ser_key = $key->to_serialized_base58; print "Your exported master key is: $ser_key"; # derive child private key my $path = "m/0'"; my $child_key = $key->derive_key($path); my $ser_child_key = $child_key->to_serialized_base58; print "Your exported $path child key is: $ser_child_key"; # create basic keypair my $basic_private = $child_key->get_basic_key; my $basic_public = $child_key->get_public_key->get_basic_key;
This class allows you to create an extended private key instance.
You can use an extended private key to:
generate extended public keys
derive extended keys using a path
restore keys from mnemonic codes, seeds and base58 format
see Bitcoin::Crypto::Network if you want to work with other networks than Bitcoin Mainnet.
sig: generate_mnemonic($class, $len = 128, $lang = "en")
Generates a new mnemonic code. Default entropy is 128 bits. With $len this can be changed to up to 256 bits with 32 bit step.
Other languages than english require additional modules for Bitcoin::BIP39.
Dies when $len is invalid (under 128, above 256 or not divisible by 32). Returns newly generated BIP39 mnemonic string.
In some environments a problem may be encountered that causes the secure random bytes generator to block the program execution (See "BLOCKING ENTROPY SOURCE" in Bytes::Random::Secure). In this case you can use mnemonic_from_entropy and pass in entropy generated by Bytes::Random::Secure in non-blocking mode (via the OO interface).
sig: mnemonic_from_entropy($class, $bytes, $lang = "en")
Generates a new mnemonic code from custom entropy given in $bytes (a bytestring). This entropy should be of the same bit size as in "generate_mnemonic". Returns newly generated BIP39 mnemonic string.
This can be useful to avoid relying on the underlying implementation of Bitcoin::BIP39.
Another use would be implementing one's own entropy source that can be truly random, not just cryptographically-secure. A popular example would be capturing user's mouse movements.
Be aware that the method you use to generate a mnemonic will be a very important factor in your key's security. If possible, use real sources of randomness (not pseudo-random) or a cryptographically secure pseduo-random number generator like the one used by Bytes::Random::Secure.
sig: from_mnemonic($class, $mnemonic, $password = "", $lang = undef)
Creates a new key from given mnemonic and password.
Note that technically any password is correct and there's no way to tell if it was mistaken.
If you need to validate if $mnemonic is a valid mnemonic you should specify $lang, e.g. "en".
If no $lang is given then any string passed as $mnemonic will produce a valid key.
Returns a new instance of this class.
sig: from_seed($class, $seed)
Creates and returns a new key from seed, which can be any data of any length. $seed is expected to be a byte string.
sig: from_hex_seed($class, $seed)
Same as from_seed, but $seed is treated as hex string.
Returns the key serialized in format specified in BIP32 as byte string.
Behaves the same as to_serialized(), but performs Base58Check encoding on the resulting byte string.
sig: from_serialized($class, $serialized, $network = undef)
Tries to unserialize byte string $serialized with format specified in BIP32.
Dies on errors. If multiple networks match serialized data specify $network manually (id of the network) to avoid exception.
sig: from_serialized_base58($class, $base58, $network = undef)
Same as from_serialized, but performs Base58Check decoding on $base58 argument.
sig: set_network($self, $val)
Change key's network state to $val. It can be either network name present in Bitcoin::Crypto::Network package or an instance of this class.
Returns current key instance.
Returns instance of Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::ExtPublic generated from the private key.
Returns the key in basic format: Bitcoin::Crypto::Key::Private
sig: derive_key($self, $path)
Performs extended key derivation as specified in BIP32 on the current key with $path. Dies on error.
See BIP32 document for details on derivation paths and methods.
Returns a new extended key instance - result of a derivation.
sig: get_fingerprint($self, $len = 4)
Returns a fingerprint of the extended key of $len length (byte string)
MnemonicGenerate - mnemonic couldn't be generated correctly
MnemonicCheck - mnemonic didn't pass the validity check
KeyDerive - key couldn't be derived correctly
KeyCreate - key couldn't be created correctly
NetworkConfig - incomplete or corrupted network configuration