++ed by:
BEROV AZJADFTRE MHOWARD DMOL POTATOGIM

13 PAUSE users
5 non-PAUSE users.

Yuki Kimoto

NAME

SPVM::Regex - Regular expression

SYNOPSYS

  use SPVM::Regex;
  
  # Pattern match
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("ab*c");
    my $target = "zabcz";
    my $match = $re->match($target, 0);
  }
  
  # Pattern match with captures
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("^(\w+) (\w+) (\w+)$");
    my $target = "abc1 abc2 abc3";
    my $match = $re->match($target, 0);
    
    my $cap1 = $re->caps->[0];
    my $cap2 = $re->caps->[1];
    my $cpa3 = $re->caps->[2];
  }
  
  # Replace
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("abc");
    my $target = "ppzabcz";
    
    # "ppzABCz"
    my $result = $re->replace($target, 0, "ABC");
    
    my $replace_count = $re->replace_count;
  }

  # Replace with a callback and capture
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("a(bc)");
    my $target = "ppzabcz";
    
    # "ppzABbcCz"
    my $result = $re->replace_cb($target, 0, sub : string ($self : self, $re : SPVM::Regex) {
      return "AB" . $re->caps->[0] . "C";
    });
  }

  # Replace all
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("abc");
    my $target = "ppzabczabcz";
    
    # "ppzABCzABCz"
    my $result = $re->replace_all($target, 0, "ABC");
  }

  # Replace all with a callback and capture
  {
    my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("a(bc)");
    my $target = "ppzabczabcz";
    
    # "ppzABCbcPQRSzABCbcPQRSz"
    my $result = $re->replace_all_cb($target, 0, sub : string ($self : self, $re : SPVM::Regex) {
      return "ABC" . $re->caps->[0] . "PQRS";
    });
  }
  

DESCRIPTION

SPVM::Regex provides regular expression functions.

REGULAR EXPRESSION SYNTAX

SPVM::Regex provides subset of Perl regular expression.

  # Quantifier
  +     more than or equals to 1 repeats
  *     more than or equals to 0 repeats
  ?     0 or 1 repeats
  {m,n} repeats between m and n
  
  # Regular expression character
  ^  first of string
  $  last of string
  \d [0-9]
  \D not \d
  \s " ", "\t", "\f", "\r", "\n"
  \S not \s
  \w [a-zA-Z0-9_]
  \W not \w
  
  # Character class
  [a-z0-9]
  
  # Capture
  (foo)

Subset support only linear execution of pattern matching.

SPVM::Regex do not support the following regular expression

  # Do not support
  . any character except for \n
  | or

SPVM::Regex do not support the same set of characters after quantifier.

  # Compile error
  SPVM::Regex->new("a*a");
  SPVM::Regex->new("a?a");
  SPVM::Regex->new("a+a");
  SPVM::Regex->new("a{1,3}a")
      

If 0 width quantifir is between two same set of characters after quantifier, it is invalid.

  # Compile error
  SPVM::Regex->new("\d+\D*\d+");
  SPVM::Regex->new("\d+\D?\d+");

CLASS METHODS

  my $re = SPVM::Regex->new("^ab+c");

Create a new SPVM::Regex object and compile the specific regex.

INSTANCE METHODS

caps

  sub caps : string[] ()

Get the strings captured by "match" method.

match_start

  sub match_start : int ()

Get the start byte offset of the string matched by "match" method or "match_offset" method.

match_length

  sub match_length : int ()

Get the byte length of the string matched by "match" method or "match_offset" method.

replace_count

  sub replace_count : int ();

Get the replace count of the strings replaced by "replace" or "replace_all" method.

match

  sub match : int ($self : self, $target : string, $target_offset : int)

Execute pattern matching to the specific string and the start byte offset of the string.

If the pattern match succeeds, 1 is returned, otherwise 0 is returned.

You can get captured strings using "caps" method, and get the byte offset of the matched whole string using "match_start" method, and get the length of the matched whole string using "match_length" method.

replace

  sub replace  : string ($self : self, $target : string, $target_offset : int, $replace : string)

Replace the target string specified with the start byte offset with replace string.

replace_cb

  sub replace_cb  : string ($self : self, $target : string, $target_offset : int, $replace_cb : SPVM::Regex::Replacer)

Replace the target string specified with the start byte offset with replace callback. The callback must have "replace_to" method defined in SPVM::Regex::Replacer.

replace_all

  sub replace_all  : string ($self : self, $target : string, $target_offset : int, $replace : string)

Replace all of the target strings specified with the start byte offset with replace string.

replace_all_cb

  sub replace_all_cb  : string ($self : self, $target : string, $target_offset : int, $replace_cb : SPVM::Regex::Replacer)

Replace all of the target strings specified with the start byte offset with replace callback. The callback must have "replace_to" method defined in SPVM::Regex::Replacer.