Data::Unixish - Implementation for Unixish, a data transformation framework


version 1.41


 # the a/f/l/c prefix determines whether function accepts
 # arrayref/file(handle)/list/callback as input. the a/f/l/c suffix determines
 # whether function returns an array, a list, a filehandle, or calls a callback.
 # If filehandle is chosen as output, a child process is forked to process input
 # as requested.

 use Data::Unixish qw(
                       aduxa cduxa fduxa lduxa
                       aduxc cduxc fduxc lduxc
                       aduxf cduxf fduxf lduxf
                       aduxl cduxl fduxl lduxl
 ); # or you can use :all to export all functions

 # apply function, without argument
 my @out = lduxl('sort', 7, 2, 4, 1);  # => (1, 2, 4, 7)
 my $out = lduxa('uc', "a", "b", "c"); # => ["A", "B", "C"]
 my $res = fduxl('wc', "file.txt");    # => "12\n234\n2093" # like wc's output

 # apply function, with some arguments
 my $fh = fduxf([trunc => {width=>80, ansi=>1, mb=>1}], \*STDIN);
 say while <$fh>;


This distribution implements Unixish, a data transformation framework inspired by Unix toolbox philosophy.


The functions are not exported by default. They can be exported individually or altogether using export tag :all.

aduxa($func, \@input) => ARRAYREF

aduxc($func, $callback, \@input)

aduxf($func, \@input) => FILEHANDLE

aduxl($func, \@input) => LIST (OR SCALAR)

The adux* functions accept an arrayref as input. $func is a string containing dux function name (if no arguments to the dux function is to be supplied), or [$func, \%args] to supply arguments to the dux function. Dux function name corresponds to module names Data::Unixish::NAME without the prefix.

The *duxc functions will call the callback repeatedly with every output item.

The *duxf functions returns filehandle immediately. A child process is forked, and dux function is run in the child process. You read output as lines from the returned filehandle.

The *duxl functions returns result as list. It can be evaluated in scalar to return only the first element of the list. However, the whole list will be calculated first. Use *duxf for streaming interface.

cduxa($func, $icallback) => ARRAYREF

cduxc($func, $icallback, $ocallback)

cduxf($func, $icallback) => FILEHANDLE

cduxl($func, $icallback) => LIST (OR SCALAR)

The cdux* functions accepts a callback ($icallback) to get input elements from. Input callback function should return a list of one or more elements, or an empty list to signal end of stream.

An example:

 cduxa($func, sub {
     state $a = [1,2,3,4];
     if (@$a) {
         return shift(@$a);
     } else {
         return ();

fduxa($func, $file_or_handle, @args) => ARRAYREF

fduxc($func, $callback, $file_or_handle, @args)

fduxf($func, $file_or_handle, @args) => FILEHANDLE

fduxl($func, $file_or_handle, @args) => LIST

The fdux* functions accepts filename or filehandle. @args is optional and will be passed to Tie::File.

lduxa($func, @input) => ARRAYREF

lduxc($func, $callback, @input)

lduxf($func, @input) => FILEHANDLE

lduxl($func, @input) => LIST

The ldux* functions accepts list as input.

None are exported by default, but they are exportable.


How do I use the diamond operator as input?

You can use Tie::Diamond, e.g.:

 use Tie::Diamond;
 tie my(@in), "Tie::Diamond";
 my $out = aduxa($func, \@in);

Also see the dux command-line utility in the App::dux distribution which allows you to access dux function from the command-line.



dux script in App::dux


Steven Haryanto <>


This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Steven Haryanto.

This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as the Perl 5 programming language system itself.